What are your kids learning when you're not looking?


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Presentation by Miles Berry and Terry Freedman at BETT09 exploring children's use of technology for informal learning outside the school curriculum. Includes results from

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What are your kids learning when you're not looking?

  1. 1. What are your kids learning  when you’re not looking? Miles Berry and Terry Freedman BETT, January 2009
  2. 2. What are your kids learning when  you’re not looking? • BCS – Cre8or Who we are • Why this maCers • Literature review • Survey results • ImplicaIons for schools •
  3. 3. Miles Berry • Head at Alton Convent Prep • Former Becta ICT in PracIce Award winner – Moodle – Elgg BCS, Naace, Mirandanet, RSA etc. • opensourceschools.org.uk • Blog: milesberry.net • Twit: twiCer.com/mberry •
  4. 4. Terry Freedman • hCp://www.icIneducaIon.org http: //ww w.lu lu.com /terr yfree dma n
  5. 5. Why this maCers The Primary Review PLTS: independent enquirers E-safety creative thinkers reflective learners The new secondary curriculum, and the Diploma team workers self-managers effective participators Every Child Matters: The digital divide Positive contribution Employability Healthy Accreditation/e-Portfolios Safety School design Enjoy and achieve Economic Continuing professional development Functional Skills
  6. 6. Some staIsIcs % of hours pw on web page 0 1 3 >3
  7. 7. Some more staIsIcs (UK) Doing homework 90% Playing games 70% Made a website 34% Voted for something online 22% Visited a site for hobby 40% Posted pics or stories 17%
  8. 8. More stats: WriIng in the USA 47% of teen bloggers write outside of school for personal reasons several times a week, compared to 33% of teens without blogs. 65% of teen bloggers say that writing is essential to later success in life (53%)
  9. 9. Literature Review Miles Berry
  10. 10. Growing up digital Don TapscoC, 1998 Contrast between N‐Geners  and Baby‐boomers Contrast between TV and the  Net The Net: •AcIve •Raises Intelligence •DemocraIc •Community building “Using the new technology is  as natural as breathing”
  11. 11. The Digital Disconnect Levin & Arefah, 2002 A substanIal disconnect between  how students use the Internet for  school and how they use the  Internet during the school day Reasons: •Administrators •VariaIon in teaching policies •Uninspiring assignments Barriers •Quality of access •Filtering •InequaliIes of home access
  12. 12. Pupils’ home use of computers ValenIne, Marsh and Pafe, 2006  • High level of access • EducaIonal  opportuniIes outside  school are beneficial • Children value the  freedom they have at  home • Extensive use of  communicaIon
  13. 13. Their Space Green and Hannon, DEMOS, 2007 • Building relaIonships • CreaIng content • EssenIal skills – CreaIvity – CommunicaIon – CollaboraIon • User types: – Digital pioneers – CreaIve producers – Everyday communicators – InformaIon gatherers
  14. 14. Beyond Technology David Buckingham, 2007 The new digital divide: “Home uses were oken  extensive, diverse  and open‐ended,  school oken posed  restricIons on  students’  autonomous access  and use”
  15. 15. Learners and Technology: 7‐11 Cranmer, PoCer, Selwyn, 2008 • “Use of computer  games, digital cameras,  and making pictures  were all more prevalent  in the home” • RelaIvely liCle creaIve  or collaboraIve use of  the net, either at school  or home • Good awareness of e‐ safety issues
  16. 16. Safer Children in a Digital World Byron Review, 2008 • OpportuniIes for fun,  learning and  development • GeneraIonal digital  divide and risk averse  culture • Children are sIll  developing criIcal skills • Empowering children to  keep themselves safe
  17. 17. Digital Media and Learning IniIaIve MacArthur FoundaIon, 2008 • GeneraIon gap in  perceived value of online  acIvity • Learning social and  technical skills • Peer learning • Most aren’t making the  most of the opportuniIes • Hanging Out • Messing Around • Geeking Out
  18. 18. Social Networking Survey Terry Freedman
  19. 19. Social networking survey results Number of general social networks 3 Number of specific social networks 2 Specific % Video-sharing networks, like YouTube 42% None 34% Photo-sharing networks, like Flickr 12% Music-sharing networks, like iLike 10% Book-sharing networks, like FictionPress 2% Other 0%
  20. 20. Social networking survey results % who blog: 44 Reasons for being online Rank Order Learn new things 1 Do homework together with friends 2 Play games  3
  21. 21. Social networking survey results Number of “friends”: 30 • % who upload photos etc: 61 • % supervised by adult: 24 • % providing email address: 59 •
  22. 22. Summary of the research • Young people spend a lot of Ime online: it is  part of their life • They use it for socialising, with people they  already know (esp. girls) • They use it for homework more than  recreaIonal acIviIes like games • They do a lot of mulItasking
  23. 23. What are you learning whilst your teachers  aren’t looking… • edtechuk.net • Live from 26th November to 18th  December • Publicised via  • online forums,  • discussion lists,  • blogs and  • twiCer • google docs spreadsheet form • Demographics • Access to tech • Use of Internet and  computers at home • Filtering • Social networking in school • Comparison between  school and home
  24. 24. 985 responses excluding duplicates and blanks
  25. 25. Access to Technology
  26. 26. Access to Technology
  27. 27. Use of the Internet
  28. 28. Use of the Internet
  29. 29. Use of computers
  30. 30. Use of computers
  31. 31. WriIng (not school related)
  32. 32. Use of social networking
  33. 33. Use of computer games
  34. 34. Social networking at school?
  35. 35. Filtering
  36. 36. Enjoyment
  37. 37. What do teachers know?
  38. 38. Anything else? • Make school like home? “I don’t think it should be made more like  home because you wouldn’t learn very much.” (17 y/o girl; 11 y/o  girl).  • “Unblock access” (many respondents) • What have you learnt at home? “well i learn new things for videos i  see like how to make your computer run faster or part's to make it  fast.” (17 y/o boy) • “Touch typing” (10 y/o boy) • Favourite acIvity at school? Virtually nobody said PowerPoint!  Designing, and making or creaIng things featured heavily. • Favourite acIvity at home? “Making videos, making music and  photo booth” (9 y/o boy)
  39. 39. A few case studies…
  40. 40. Adrienne Blaser, 13 loads of friends… • … all over the world.. • Reads online • Uses podcasts to teach self • Researches on web •
  41. 41. Max, 7 • hCp://au.youtube.com/watch?v=6fYVQ12‐ nVQ 
  42. 42. Eleanor, 11 My mum taught me people`s email addreses but I  taught myself how to  actually email. I just clicked most  of the buCons unIl I found the  right one! I also taught  myself a lot of diseses as I would love to be  a docter!  For this I mostly used the internet. I once also worked  out  how to use Google Earth. I`m not a very tecnical so  this was a big  leap for me! I simply fiddeld around with  the buCons picking the ones  that I thought would do  the job and aker just half an hour I found my  house! I  don`t actuelly no why i kept at it‐ probably wanted to  learn  something new as usual!
  43. 43. ImplicaIons
  44. 44. Primary curriculum • Learning through play • Digital show and tell • MeeIng children where they are, moving  them on – From communicaIon to collaboraIon – From consumers to creators • Rose Review: KS3 ICT by the end of KS2? • Office skills?
  45. 45. Digital divide • Phones! • Home access scheme – Broadband – Laptop with “relevant”  sokware – Support for internet  safety – filtering? – “embedding improved  safety features” • Cultural divides
  46. 46. CPD Net‐Gen Teachers • Teachmeet • PLNs • EdTechRoundup • TES Forums • Filtering • – Blogger, TwiCer, YouTube etc.
  47. 47. Secondary Curriculum Blogging and wriIng • CiIzenship • Providing opportuniIes • AccreditaIon • Diploma and New curriculum • PLTS: • independent enquirers  – creaIve thinkers  – reflecIve learners  – team workers  – self‐managers  – effecIve parIcipators  –
  48. 48. CollaboraIon “Wikispaces is a great way to communicate with  people from all over the world. You can send  emails, make web pages, work on projects, the  possibiliIes are endless! You can communicate  with each other and do projects and write things  to help people and solve problems in the world.  One thing I learned is that when you work hard,  as a group or alone, trying to solve something it  comes out as a big success.”
  49. 49. Every Child MaCers PosiIve contribuIon • Healthy • Safety (“Mission Impossible”?) • Enjoy and achieve • Economic  •
  50. 50. Safety • Filtering: hCp://flatclassroomproject.ning.com/video/ 8amission‐impossible  • No “eyes on the street” (hCp://terry‐freedman.org.uk/artman/ publish/eyes_on_the_street.php) • Parental/family supervision • Research skills: “It takes a teenager 1/20 of a second to determine whether a  web page is worth reading.”  • Uploading stuff about self • Legal issues, eg © • Economic issues, eg ©
  51. 51. Filtering: safety or Mission Impossible? hCp://flatclassroomproject.ning.com/video/ 8amission‐impossible 
  52. 52. School design: some ideas (1) • More areas given over to creaIng stuff rather  than just receiving it • Online repository of videos etc, some of which  student‐created • Own page on school VLE, like Facebook page • NOT banning phones or iPods… • … Designing spaces to accommodate them
  53. 53. School design: some ideas (2) From the University of Nottingham:
  54. 54. ContacIng us BCS www.bcs.org 01793 417567  Miles Berry Terry Freedman milesberry.net www.icIneducaIon.org twiCer.com/mberry twiCer.com/terryfreedman mberry@bcs.org terry@icIneducaIon.org