Origins of the cold war


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Origins of the cold war

  1. 1. Cold WarThe foundations and events of the war between the SovietUnion and the United States
  2. 2. Student Learning OutcomesIdentify specific events and actions which initiated the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.Characterize the general mistrust between the two nation states.Link the disagreements at the Potsdam conference to the beginning of the Cold War.
  3. 3. Introduction“The personal meeting with Stalin enabled me to see what the West had to face in the future. Force is the only thing the Russians understand. Stalin showed what he was after ... the Russians were planning world conquest.” President Harry Truman
  4. 4. Origins of the Cold WarSoviet Union after World War II More than twenty million lives lost in the war Wanted to retain control of the nations states in Eastern Europe Promotion of Communism abroad into Europe Inherit distrust of the West (the conflict of the second front during the war and previous episodes)
  5. 5. Origins of the Cold WarUnited States after the World War II Conflict among President Harry Truman and his Cabinet about whether or not to go back to isolationism like World War One Bring the boys home Seen as the protector of Europe The superpower that stood against the Soviet Union
  6. 6. Potsdam Conference (1945) July 17 -August 2 th ndThe Triumvirate Cast:  U.S. President Harry Truman President Franklin Roosevelt had died in April England’s Prime Minister Clement Attlee Winston Churchill had been defeated in the last election Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin
  7. 7. The Potsdam ConferenceSoviet establishment of satellite states (buffer zone or expansion)The atomic bomb disclosureThe issue of the second frontThe continual distrust between the Soviet Union and the WestThe Cultural and Economic difference between the two institutionsThe development of the Cold War
  8. 8. Iron Curtain SpeechThe Iron Curtain Speech Made in at the College at Westminster College at Fulton Missouri Distrust of Joseph Stalin and Totalitarian regimes in Eastern Europe Pressed the U.S. to remain active in Western Europe
  9. 9. Iron Curtain SpeechHe pressed for U.S. presence in post war EuropeNo abandonment like the first European WarJoint Anglo unification that opposed Soviet Communism
  10. 10. The Berlin Airlift“When Berlin falls, Western Germany will be next. If we withdraw our position in Berlin, Europe is threatened ... Communism will run rampant.”— General Clay the American Commander of the Berlin Zone
  11. 11. The American ResponseGreece and TurkeyCommunist insurgents verses nationalistThe Civil WarEngland and France contributed aidThe well was running dryPresident Harry Truman and George KennanThe Policy of Containment (Truman Doctrine)
  12. 12. The American ResponseThe Marshall PlanNATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)Unification of the zones of BerlinThe Soviet Response cutting off all aid to the areaThe Berlin AirliftThis is a sign of item to come in regards to deterrence
  13. 13. The United NationsSimilarities to the League of NationsHowever there are significant differencesU.S. and the Soviet Union hoped to establish a open dialogueThe Security CouncilCondemnation of Imperialism
  14. 14. The fate of Western EuropeEngland, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Scandinavia, and even Italy turn to SocialismThe creation of the Welfare StateWhat this means for Western EuropeThe push towards decolnializationIndia, Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle EastThe Jewish State
  15. 15. Truman verses StalinThe shift of China to CommunismThe retreat to Formosa (Taiwan)The Korean CrisisPresident Truman deploys the militaryGeneral MacarthurCongress is not consulted however, UN security council approves
  16. 16. The Korean WarStalemateKorea becomes split in twoThe question of containmentU.S. response back home and the blacklistingAre their differences or just two stubborn nations
  17. 17. The Cold War post StalinThe death of StalinNikita Khrushchev and his condemnation of Stalin’s policiesNew relations with the United StatesKhrushchev visit to the U.S.Shift in Cold War TacticsJohn Foster Dulles “Spirit of Resistance”
  18. 18. The Middle EastRemoval of European presenceComplicated area/the issue of tribes and oilThe problem of IsraelIsrael attack on the Gaza strip and the response by EgyptNassar “Cotton for Arms” dealings with the Soviet UnionFrance, Britain, Israel, Soviet Union, U.S.
  19. 19. Middle EastThe establishment of CENTOJordan, Syria, Lebanon,The Eisenhower Doctrine
  20. 20. Latin AmericaGuatemalaCIA overthrowThe issue of CubaFidel CastroThe reheating of the Cold War
  21. 21. Soviet and U.S. RelationsThe U-2 Spy Plane affairKhrushchev and KennedyThe issue of BerlinOnce again both sides go to the brinkEast and West BerlinThe Berlin Wall
  22. 22. The Cuban Missile CrisisBackgroundCastro switches to CommunismBay of PigsCuban Soviet Relations (Sugar for Missiles)U.S. responseThe closest we come to a Cold War
  23. 23. Southeast Asian AffairsLaos, Cambodia, and VietnamChinese Soviet RelationsMao Ze Tong and President Richard NixonJustification for opening the relations
  24. 24. U.S. Soviet Relations post VietnamThe promotion of DentateRichard Nixon and Henry KissingerSALT talks (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)The Six Day War in the Middle EastThe issue this will promote between the two
  25. 25. Russian Moves into Southeast AsiaAfghanistanThe ResistanceThe pinnacle of Russian Strength
  26. 26. The ending of the Cold WarConservatism in the West: Election of both Margret Thatcher and Ronald ReaganPope John Paul IIBreakdown in East European ControlMikhail Gorbachev and GlasnostTalks with Reagan in Iceland
  27. 27. The End of the Cold WarFall of the Berlin WallFree Elections in the Eastern EuropeThe Unification of Germany as well as BerlinThe failed coup in RussiaThe Communist State DisintegratesThe shift to autocracy
  28. 28. The End of the Cold WarFall of the Berlin WallFree Elections in the Eastern EuropeThe Unification of Germany as well as BerlinThe failed coup in RussiaThe Communist State DisintegratesThe shift to autocracy