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  1. 1. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Gonorrhea) ● Mikhaila Zabat
  2. 2. Covering: ● The history: Who? When was it discovered? ● What is “Neisseria Gonorroeae ?” ● Causes ● Symptoms ● Who are at risk? ● Is it a huge problem? Curable? ● Treatment ● Recap ● Conclusion: How to prevent this infection?
  3. 3. History: When & Who discovered it? ● ● Neisseria Gonorroeae was discovered in 1879. By (and named after) a a German physician and bacteriologist, Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser.
  4. 4. What is Neisseria Gonorroeae? ● ● ● ● a gram-negative (coffee bean shaped) diplococcus shifting from 0.6 to 1.0 in diameter. It has 2069 genes, 2002 protein genes, and 67 structural RNAs. They grow on chocolate agar with Carbon Dioxide. A bacterium responsible for the sexual transmitted infection, gonorrhea .
  5. 5. ● ● ● caused by the bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhea Second most common most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. It multiplies in warm and moist areas because it's easy to grow. Ex: reproductive tract, urine canal, cervix, fallopian tubes. *&! It can also grow in the eyes, mouth, anus,
  6. 6. Causes: ● Unprotected sex ● Oral sex ● When someone is infected, the bacteria can be easily spread by: – – rubbing your eyes. Mothers who are infected can give their baby the infection through delivery.
  7. 7. Symptoms for men: ● Symptoms begin: 2 to 14 days ● Burning sensation while urinating. ● Testicular swelling and/or pain ● Green, yellow, and white discharge from the penis.
  8. 8. ● ● ● Symptoms begin: 7 to 21 days Symptoms for women: Pain and burning sensation while urinating. Spotting blood after sex. ● Irregular bleeding period. ● Yellow, green, and white discharge. ● Pain from the pelvic area. ● Painful intercourse.
  9. 9. Who are at risk? ● ● ● Any sexually active person Ages between 15-29 years old have the highest rates of gonorrhea. In 1996, gonorrhea rates were high for men. 2010, women's rates are higher.
  10. 10. Why are rates higher for women? ● They have more serious complications from the infection. ● Pregnancy difficulties. ● Pain in the pelvic area. ● Inflammatory disease ● ● Giving birth, the baby can have the infection. Or even abort the baby.
  11. 11. Is it a huge problem? Is it curable? ● ● ● ● ● It can be and yes. If not treated immediately, it can lead to health problems. For men, it'll be difficult while urinating because the infection caused a scar on the urethra. For women, it'll spread throughout the vaginal area = Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. People who have gonorrhea may also have chlymadia (#1 common STD.)
  12. 12. Treatment: ● * Antibiotics – While under treatment, one must not have any sexual contact. – Must wait at least 7 days after medication. – Both partners must be tested & treated or else the infection will happen again. If failed, one must be tested for a gonorrhea culture (sample of body fluid), so they can take a different antibiotic. (ex: Antibiotic-resistant strains)
  13. 13. *!& Fun Fact ● In France, gonorrhea was known as “La chaude pisse ” (Hot piss) because of the burning sensation while urinating. ● It's also called as “The Clap! ”Nickname from a treatment: clapped on both side of the penis for the discharge to come out.
  14. 14. Recap: ● ● ● ● ● Neisseria gonorrhoeae is responsible for the for the sexually transmitted infection, gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is #2 common STD in the US. Spread by sexual contact & can/will infect the newborn if the mother's infected. Symptoms are very painful for men and women; it may get worst without treatment immediately. Young adults (15-29yrs) have high rates for gonorrhea.
  15. 15. How to prevent gonorrhea?: “Safe sex is great sex, better wear a latex.” *!& Condoms helps protect anyone from sexually transmitted infections. or.. just not have sex.
  16. 16. References: 1.) http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/std/gonococcal.html 2.) http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Gonorrhoea_(Neisseria_gonorrhoeae)_in_the_United 3.) http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/155653.php 4.) http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm