The history: Who? When was it discovered?
What is “Neisseria Gonorroeae ?”
Who are at risk?
Is it a huge problem? Curable?
Conclusion: How to prevent this infection?
History: When &
Who discovered it?
Neisseria Gonorroeae was
discovered in 1879.
By (and named after) a a German
physician and bacteriologist, Albert
What is Neisseria
a gram-negative (coffee bean shaped) diplococcus
shifting from 0.6 to 1.0 in diameter.
It has 2069 genes, 2002 protein genes, and 67
They grow on chocolate agar with Carbon Dioxide.
the sexual transmitted
infection, gonorrhea .
caused by the bacterium,
Second most common
most common sexually transmitted
disease in the U.S.
It multiplies in warm and
moist areas because
it's easy to grow.
Ex: reproductive tract,
urine canal, cervix,
*&! It can also grow in the eyes, mouth, anus,
When someone is infected, the bacteria
can be easily spread by:
rubbing your eyes.
Mothers who are infected can give
their baby the
Symptoms for men:
Symptoms begin: 2 to 14 days
Burning sensation while urinating.
Testicular swelling and/or pain
and white discharge from the penis.
7 to 21 days
Pain and burning
Irregular bleeding period.
Yellow, green, and white discharge.
Pain from the pelvic area.
Who are at risk?
Any sexually active person
Ages between 15-29 years old have the
highest rates of gonorrhea.
In 1996, gonorrhea rates were high for
men. 2010, women's rates are higher.
Why are rates higher
They have more serious complications
from the infection.
Pain in the pelvic area.
Giving birth, the baby can
have the infection.
Or even abort the baby.
Is it a huge problem?
Is it curable?
It can be and yes.
If not treated immediately, it can lead to health
For men, it'll be difficult while urinating because
the infection caused a scar on the urethra.
For women, it'll spread throughout the vaginal
area = Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
People who have gonorrhea may also have
chlymadia (#1 common STD.)
While under treatment, one must not have
any sexual contact.
Must wait at least 7 days after medication.
Both partners must be tested & treated or
else the infection will happen again.
If failed, one must be tested for a gonorrhea
culture (sample of body fluid), so they can take a
different antibiotic. (ex: Antibiotic-resistant
*!& Fun Fact
In France, gonorrhea was known as
“La chaude pisse ” (Hot piss)
because of the burning sensation while
It's also called as “The
Clap! ”Nickname from a treatment:
clapped on both side of the penis for the
discharge to come out.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is responsible for
the for the sexually transmitted infection,
Gonorrhea is #2 common STD in the US.
Spread by sexual contact & can/will infect the
newborn if the mother's infected.
Symptoms are very painful for men and
women; it may get worst without treatment
Young adults (15-29yrs) have high rates for
How to prevent
“Safe sex is great sex,
better wear a latex.”
helps protect anyone
from sexually transmitted infections.
just not have sex.