Prescription drugs


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Prescription drugs

  1. 1.  Taking a medicine that was prescribed for someone else  Taking a larger dose than you are supposed to  Taking the medicine in a different way than you are supposed to, (i.e. crushing tablets and then snorting or injecting them).  Using the medicine for another purpose, such as getting high
  2. 2.  Opioids: prescribed for pain relief. -Percocet, Tylox, OxyContin, Vicodin, Lortab, Dolophine  CNS Depressants: prescribed for anxiety or sleep problems (often referred to as sedatives or tranquilizers) -Valium, Xanax, Fiorinal/Fioricet  Stimulants: prescribed for ADHD, narcolepsy (sleep disorder), or obesity -Ritalin, Adderall
  3. 3.     The active ingredient found in most over-the-counter cough medicines Became FDA approved in the 1950’s Most widely used cough suppressant ingredient in the U.S. Cough medicines with DXM are safe when taken according to labeling instructions, but can be dangerous when taken in excessive amounts that are higher than the recommended doses.            SIDE EFFECTS Nausea and vomiting Stomach pain Confusion Dizziness Double or blurred vision Slurred speech Impaired physical coordination Rapid heart beat Drowsiness Numbness of fingers and toes Disorientation
  4. 4. More than 100 OTC medicines containing DXM are on the market today.  These medicines come in the form of liquids, capsules, gelcaps, lozenge s, and tablets.  Common DXM-containing cough medicines: Alka Seltzer Plus™, Comtrex™, Coricidin™, Dels ym™, Dimetapp™, Mucinex DM™, Pediacare™, Robitussin™, T heraflu™, Triaminic™, Tylenol Cough & Cold™, Vicks DayQuil™/NyQuil™, Vicks Formula 44™ 
  5. 5.            Empty cough medicine boxes or bottles in the trash of your child’s room or in your child’s backpack or school locker Purchase or use of large amounts of cough medicine when not ill Missing boxes or bottles of medicine from home medicine cabinets Visiting pro-drug websites that provide information on how to abuse DXM Internet orders, the arrival of unexpected packages, or unexplained payments by credit card Changes in friends, physical appearance, or sleeping or eating patterns Declining grades Loss of interest in hobbies or favorite activities Hostile and uncooperative attitudes Unexplained disappearance of household money Unusual chemical or medicinal smells on your child or in his or her room
  6. 6.  Education- Teach parents, youth, and patients about the dangers of abusing prescription drugs. Require prescribers to receive education on the appropriate and safe use, proper storage, and proper disposal of prescription drugs.  Monitoring- Implement prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP) in every state to reduce “doctor shopping” (patients will request care from several physicians). Enhance PDMPs so they can share data across states and can be used by healthcare providers.  Proper Medication Disposal- Develop convenient and environmentally safe prescription drug disposal programs.  Enforcement- Provide law enforcement with the tools necessary to eliminate improper prescribing practices and stop pill mills, (doctor, clinic or pharmacy that is prescribing or dispensing powerful narcotics inappropriately or for non-medical reasons).
  7. 7.  Ask your doctor or pharmacist about your medication, especially if you are unsure about its effects.  Keep your doctor informed about all medications you are taking, including over-the-counter medications.  Read the information your pharmacist provides before starting to take medications.  Take your medication(s) as prescribed.  Keep all prescription medications secured at all times and properly dispose of any unused medications.
  8. 8. “Many illegal street drugs were at one time used or prescribed by doctors or psychiatrists but were later banned when the evidence of their harmful effects could no longer be ignored. Examples are heroin, cocaine, LSD, meth amphetamine and Ecstasy.”
  9. 9.                  Skippy The smart drug Vitamin R Bennies Black beauties Roses Hearts Speed Uppers Hillbilly heroin Oxy OC Oxycotton Percs Happy pills Vikes Barbs              Reds Red birds Phennies Tooies Yellows Yellow jackets A-minus Zombie pills Candy Downers Sleeping pills Tranks For DXM: dex, drex, orange crush, poor man’s x, red devils, red hots, robo, rojo, robotard, skittles, syrup head, Vitamin D
  10. 10. In what ways do you think illegal drugs are different from prescription drugs?  Why doesn’t prescription drug abuse get as much attention as illegal drug use?  Should doctors limit their prescriptions of painkillers to prevent others from becoming addicted? 
  11. 11.  Treatment Referral Helpline (1-800-662-HELP)  National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (1-800-273-TALK)  Visit this link to find treatment centers in your state
  12. 12. National Institute on Drug Abuse (October 2011). Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs Chart. Retrieved from 2. Office of National Drug Control Policy (April 2011). A Response to the Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse. Retrieved from eets/prescription_drug_abuse_fact_sheet_4-25-11.pdf 3. Stop Medicine Abuse (n.d.). What is DXM. Retrieved from 4. Medline Plus (February 2014). Prescription Drug Abuse. Retrieved from 1.