Lc Pp Ph2


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Impact of eye disease on public health

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Lc Pp Ph2

  1. 1. A lenscrafters presentation The impact of eye disease on the publics health LC
  2. 2. Vision- Our #1 sense <ul><li>80% of our sensory information is from sight </li></ul>
  3. 3. Infectious disease <ul><li>Introduced through the mucous membranes of the eye </li></ul><ul><li>Cornea is most frequent site of infection </li></ul><ul><li>Herpes simplex most common reason for corneal blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Trachoma most common cause of preventable blindness </li></ul>
  4. 4. Preventable Blindness the bad news <ul><li>37 million people in our world are blind </li></ul><ul><li>124 million people on our Earth have low vision </li></ul><ul><li>1 in every 40 people suffer from severe visual impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 2 million people go blind each year </li></ul><ul><li>Without intervention the blind population will double to 75 million by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>The Good News </li></ul><ul><li>75% of this blindness is preventable </li></ul>
  5. 5. Preventable blindness <ul><li>Ignoring minor eye problems can lead to blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Three most common in USA </li></ul><ul><li>Cataracts </li></ul><ul><li>40,000 cases lead to blindness each year </li></ul><ul><li>Glaucoma </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans 8X more cases than Causations </li></ul><ul><li>Macular degeneration </li></ul><ul><li>2 million cases of visual impairment without knowing </li></ul><ul><li>Free radicals cause these three preventable diseases </li></ul>
  6. 6. What can I do ? <ul><li>Develop good habits for eye health </li></ul><ul><li>Exercising protects your vision </li></ul><ul><li>Sunglasses and hats protect your eyes from UV rays </li></ul><ul><li>Antioxidants from fresh fruit offer protection from free radicals </li></ul>
  7. 7. cataracts <ul><li>By age 80 more than half of all Americans have cataracts or surgery to remove them </li></ul><ul><li>Clumps of protein in the lens cloud the vision and turns yellow then brown </li></ul><ul><li>Some form after eye surgery for eye problems like glaucoma </li></ul><ul><li>They can be congenital or form in childhood </li></ul><ul><li>They can also form in response to radiation exposure </li></ul>
  8. 8. glaucoma
  9. 9. Macular degeneration AMD <ul><li>Age related macular degeneration has two types wet & dry </li></ul><ul><li>Vision loss occurs with either form </li></ul><ul><li>Risk factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Age Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking Family history </li></ul><ul><li>Women at greater risk than men </li></ul><ul><li>Caucasians have greater risk than African Americans </li></ul>
  10. 10. What should you do ? <ul><li>Your lifestyle can make a difference </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Eat a diet high in fish and green vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain normal weight and blood pressure </li></ul>
  11. 11. $ the impact on our economy $ direct medical expenses disease management Medical care costs
  12. 12. Direct medical costs <ul><li>Inpatient services </li></ul><ul><li>$ Outpatient services </li></ul><ul><li>$ Rx medications </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency room visits </li></ul><ul><li>Home care and medical supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Glaucoma, AMD, Cataract </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetic retinopathy and refractive error </li></ul>$ $ $ $ $ $
  13. 13. Some other direct costs <ul><li>Nursing home care </li></ul><ul><li>Guide dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Government programs </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress publications for the blind </li></ul>$ $ $ $ $ $
  14. 14. Lost productivity <ul><li>Lower labor force participation </li></ul><ul><li>Costs an estimated $6.3 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Lower wages due to vision impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Costs an estimated $1.7 billion </li></ul>$ $ $ $ $
  15. 15. Worldwide impact <ul><li>37 million people are completely blind and will double by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>An additional 124 million suffer with low vision </li></ul><ul><li>On average 1 in 40 people have severe visual impairment </li></ul><ul><li>90% of these people live in the poorest sectors of the world </li></ul><ul><li>1.5 million children are blind with 82%of all blindness is with people over 50 years of age </li></ul>
  16. 16. Restoration of sight <ul><li>One of the most cost effective interventions in health care </li></ul>
  17. 17. blindness <ul><li>Enormous personal, social and economic cost </li></ul><ul><li>Limits the education and life choices of the affected people </li></ul><ul><li>Places significant burden on family and community </li></ul><ul><li>Strongly affects social services and health care agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with lower life expectancy </li></ul>
  18. 18. blindness <ul><li>Four easily preventable causes </li></ul><ul><li>Trachoma </li></ul><ul><li>River blindness (Onchocerciasis) </li></ul><ul><li>Cataract </li></ul><ul><li>Refractive error low vision </li></ul>