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Realism Revision

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Realist Art revision: painting

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Realism Revision

  1. 1. Realism Revision
  2. 2. Characteristics of the Period <ul><li>During the second half of 19th century the positivism was dominant </li></ul><ul><li>It was an age of faith in knowledge derived from science </li></ul><ul><li>The scientific method was used to solve all human problems . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Visual Arts <ul><li>The subjectivism and imagination of Romanticism are rejected </li></ul><ul><li>They want an accurate description of the objects </li></ul><ul><li>Science and the development of photography influenced into academic art </li></ul><ul><li>They tend to represent contemporary life instead of imitating past models </li></ul>
  4. 4. Visual Arts <ul><li>Ordinary people and everyday activities became subjects of Art </li></ul><ul><li>Realists tend to portray the lives, appearances, problems, customs and mores of the middle and lower classes </li></ul><ul><li>They did these depictions of the unexceptional, ordinary, humble and unadorned </li></ul><ul><li>They represented ignored aspects such as mental attitudes, physical settings and material conditions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chronology <ul><li>In France they appeared after the 1848 revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They expressed a taste for democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In England they appeared at the same time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was a reaction against Victorian materialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They reacted against the conventions of the Royal Academy in London </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Artists <ul><li>The Realists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is an international group centred in Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They focused on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific concepts of vision </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Study of optical effects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They expressed: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taste for democracy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rejection of the old artistic tradition </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Artists <ul><ul><li>They felt that painters should work from the life around them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desecrated rules of artistic propriety with their new realistic portrayals of modern life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artists: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Courbet: The Artist’s Workshop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Daumier: Caricatures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Millet: Angelus </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Artists <ul><li>Barbizon School: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape artists formed outside the Academy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named after the forest of Fontebleau in near Barbizon where they worked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They attempted to paint nature directly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The pioneer of this movement is Constable, with a faithful depiction of nature </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Artists <ul><li>Pre-Raphaelite Broterhood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They aimed at reforming academic British Art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They wanted to represent the natural work, not as is was taught in the Academy, following Raphael </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They paid attention to the accuracy of detail and colour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The combination of didactics and realism characterised the first phase </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Artists <ul><ul><li>Landscape compositions were painted outdoors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The second phase was marked by the interest in Middle Ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject matters were from medieval tales, bible stories, classical mythology, and nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With technique of bright colours on a white background, they achieved great depth and brilliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artists: Millais, Burne-Jones, Waterhouse </li></ul></ul>

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