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Neo-Classical Revision


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Neo-Classical Art revision, including architecture, sculpture and painting.

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Neo-Classical Revision

  1. 1. NEOCLASSICAL ART Revision
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>It flourished in Europe and North America from mid to end of 18th century </li></ul><ul><li>They sought to replace the frivolity of the Rococo with a style logical and solemn </li></ul><ul><li>It was the official art of the revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>It has a deep moral sense . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Architecture <ul><li>The model was Rome (because Herculaneum, Pompeii and Athens were not discovered </li></ul><ul><li>New archaeological finds extended architecture’s formal vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>This style is known as Adam style (Britain) , Revival (US) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Architecture <ul><li>Architects and works: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ledoux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Percier and Fontaine: triumphal arches in Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Adam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schinkel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulfinch: US Capitol, Monticello </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sculpture <ul><li>Less revolutionary impact due to the influence of Classicism during Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptors avoided dramatic twisting poses </li></ul><ul><li>Coloured marble is not used </li></ul><ul><li>Idealized forms carved from white marble </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sculpture <ul><li>Canova: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His works have exquisite finishing and near resemblance to real life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Images are attractive, full of grace, elegant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men deficient in dignity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female faces pleasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He enjoyed a high reputation even if his works can not compete with those of the big sculptors of other periods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works: Apollo and Psyche, The Three Graces </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Sculpture <ul><li>Thorvaldsen: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Danish sculptor, one of the biggest representatives of Neoclassical period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He embodied the style of classical Greek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motives taken from Greek mythology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portraits of important personalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works: Mary Magdalene, Zeus and Ganymede, Pope Pius VII. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Painting <ul><li>Centred in Rome, where painters met around the German art historian Winckelmann </li></ul><ul><li>Compositions are more simple than Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects inspired in mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Solemn and austere theme and treatments, and archaeologically correct in details </li></ul>
  9. 9. Painting <ul><li>Painters began to emulate the flat, silhouetted figures of Greek vase painting </li></ul><ul><li>The style was successful and imitated </li></ul><ul><li>Some approaches are just two-dimensional </li></ul>
  10. 10. Painting <ul><li>Jacques-Louis David: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporter of the French Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He used grand manners in his early work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He directed the Academe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He produced numerous propaganda exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works: The Oath of the Horatii, Death of Marat, the Oath of the Tennis Court </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Painting <ul><li>Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is responsive to clothing and the postures dictated by costume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lacked of spontaneity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mannered and too finished work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portraits in which linked realism with abstraction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought for perfectionism </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Painting <ul><ul><li>Portraits of women considered implying a sexual submissiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He depicted nudes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of the exotic (harem) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refined erotic images with women full of carnal presence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works: The Big Bather, the Odalisque, the Turkish Bath </li></ul></ul>