Figurative Avant-Garde after 1945 Revision
First Movements <ul><li>In an exhibition hold in 1925 two different movements appeared:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Objecti...
New Objectivity <ul><li>Influences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They trend to imitate ancient German models but they depicted pe...
New Objectivity <ul><li>Authors belonging to this movement are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Max Beckman,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
New Objectivity <ul><li>Edward Hopper: </li></ul><ul><li>He painted a urban world, full of silence, in an space unreal and...
Hopper
New Objectivity <ul><li>Balthus: </li></ul><ul><li>His images create a cold and sombre atmosphere.  </li></ul><ul><li>He w...
Balthus
Magic Realism <ul><li>It has two different aspects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the social and  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the s...
Magic Realism <ul><li>In Paris, after the end of WWII many artists of left-wing focused on depicting the dramatic conditio...
Magic Realism <ul><li>Diego Rivera: </li></ul><ul><li>He was reputed as a muralist </li></ul><ul><li>In his works there ar...
Rivera
Hyper-Realism <ul><li>Hyper Realism is other trend of the same period.  </li></ul><ul><li>It has a good representative in ...
Antonio López
Other Authors <ul><li>There are several authors with different and personal ways of depicting reality in a realistic way. ...
Other Authors <ul><li>Lucien Freud: </li></ul><ul><li>Portraits and nudes are his specialities, often observed in arrestin...
Freud
Other Authors <ul><li>Fernando Botero: </li></ul><ul><li>Monumentality, humour, irony and naivety are combined in his cons...
Botero
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Figurative Avant-Garde after 1945

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Revision of some figurative movements and authors after WWII. There are references to Hopper, Balthus, Rivera, Antonio Lopez, Lucien Freud and Botero.

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Figurative Avant-Garde after 1945

  1. 1. Figurative Avant-Garde after 1945 Revision
  2. 2. First Movements <ul><li>In an exhibition hold in 1925 two different movements appeared: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Objectivity and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magic Realism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Their common characteristic is the representation of domestic indoors or scenes of every day life expressed in an unreal dimension. </li></ul>
  3. 3. New Objectivity <ul><li>Influences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They trend to imitate ancient German models but they depicted people and things with a cold and striking precision. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They tried to take some elements of the expressionist, depicting greed, lust, rage, brutality, spinelessness and cowardice, this is, what they understood as the portrait of a person </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. New Objectivity <ul><li>Authors belonging to this movement are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Max Beckman, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Otto Dix, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Grosz, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edward Hopper or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balthus. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beckman, Dix and Grosz are more linked to the German expressionism, while the others created very personal works </li></ul>
  5. 5. New Objectivity <ul><li>Edward Hopper: </li></ul><ul><li>He painted a urban world, full of silence, in an space unreal and metaphysical that created in the spectator an impression of the subject being far from them. </li></ul><ul><li>His compositions are geometrical, with sophisticated lights, always cold and artificial, and with simplified details. </li></ul><ul><li>The scene is always almost desert, with few images what underlines the impression of loneliness. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hopper
  7. 7. New Objectivity <ul><li>Balthus: </li></ul><ul><li>His images create a cold and sombre atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>He was influenced by the realists and his portraits show a gesture of great reflection and concentration. </li></ul><ul><li>He frequently depicted familiar scenes or images in which very young girl are presents. </li></ul><ul><li>These girls were considered to be the only pure characters but there is something provocative in them. </li></ul><ul><li>With the time he evolved to a more simple depiction. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Balthus
  9. 9. Magic Realism <ul><li>It has two different aspects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the social and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the socialist realism. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By Social Realism we understand art works which chronicle the everyday conditions of the working classes and are critical of the social environment that causes these conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>This style was broadly accepted during the years following the 1929 crisis in the USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the representatives of this group are the muralists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jose Clemente Orozco and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diego Rivera. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Magic Realism <ul><li>In Paris, after the end of WWII many artists of left-wing focused on depicting the dramatic conditions of the working-class lives, their social plight, but workers, builders, men and women, capable of building a better world. </li></ul><ul><li>Some members of this group were Picasso, Leger, Buffet and Gruber. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Realism is not very different from Socialist Realism. </li></ul><ul><li>The main difference relies on the fact that Socialist Realism tends to advertise revolution and it is linked to the adherence to party doctrine </li></ul>
  11. 11. Magic Realism <ul><li>Diego Rivera: </li></ul><ul><li>He was reputed as a muralist </li></ul><ul><li>In his works there are two main subjects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution related </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican scenes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>His scenes are easy to understand and the colours are light and well limited by drawing. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rivera
  13. 13. Hyper-Realism <ul><li>Hyper Realism is other trend of the same period. </li></ul><ul><li>It has a good representative in the Spanish Antonio Lopez, with urban views that may appear as photography given the accuracy to the model. </li></ul><ul><li>The important is to depict the things as they are perceived because their beauty lay on the accuracy to the model. </li></ul><ul><li>The images are a bit unrealistic due to the lack of living elements of them </li></ul><ul><li>It seems that aerial perspective is well capsized. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Antonio López
  15. 15. Other Authors <ul><li>There are several authors with different and personal ways of depicting reality in a realistic way. </li></ul><ul><li>Two very different examples are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucien Freud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fernando Botero </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Other Authors <ul><li>Lucien Freud: </li></ul><ul><li>Portraits and nudes are his specialities, often observed in arresting close-up. </li></ul><ul><li>His early work was meticulously painted, so he has sometimes been described as a `Realist' (or rather absurdly as a Superrealist). </li></ul><ul><li>The subjectivity and intensity of his work has always set him apart from the sober tradition characteristic of most British figurative art since the Second World War. </li></ul><ul><li>In his later work (from the late 1950s) his handling became much broader. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Freud
  18. 18. Other Authors <ul><li>Fernando Botero: </li></ul><ul><li>Monumentality, humour, irony and naivety are combined in his conscious and talented work </li></ul><ul><li>He received influences of the Muralists and the Surrealists </li></ul><ul><li>His main subjects are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colombian History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical characters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He works as an sculptor too, having the same characteristics. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Botero

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