Baroque painting


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New version of Baroque but divided into sections and with images.

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Baroque painting

  1. 1. BAROQUE PAINTING Revision
  2. 2. Painting • Subjects: religious and profane (mythological, allegorical, historical or portraits) • Composition: complicated; taste for big groups, with different centres of attention. Portraits are just essential • Lines: dynamic and complicate. Diagonal is the most used or combinations of horizontal and vertical • Colour: rich, with great effects due to the use of oil and contrast depending on the areas • Strange elements: secondary plans, mirrors
  3. 3. Painting • Kinds of depiction: – Religious: martyrdoms, sufferance and blood – Mythological: generally developed with contemporary characters – Allegorical: virtues and sins portrayed as humans – Portraits: royal, bourgeois (doelen), beggars, handicapped – Customs: every day’s life – Historical: bear witness of historical events – Landscapes: never quiet sceneries – Still-life: food and vegetables, flowers, animals – Vanities or vanitas: remainders of the egalitarian role of death
  4. 4. Painting: Italy • Caravaggio – – – – – – Very naturalist Theologically incorrect Enormous contrasts of light Difficult compositions Known as the creator of tenebrism Works: Supper at Emmaus, the Death of the Virgin, Saint Mathew’s Conversion
  5. 5. Painting: Italy • Carracci – – – – He received Caravaggio’s influence Naturalism Perfect and idealised world His works are completely different from those of Caravaggio – Works: Cerasi Chapel
  6. 6. Painting: Flanders • Rubens – He was a complete artist – Gifted with organization and a sense for realism and idealism – He enjoyed harmony’s enviable balance of opposites – Romantic but rooted in classical tradition – Works: The Three Graces, The Garden of Love, Catalina of Medici’s Portrait
  7. 7. Painting: Flanders • Van Dyck – – – – He was Rubens’ s student In his works there in a languid melancholic mood Portraits of the aristocracy Works: Charles I • Jordaens – – – – Specialized in genre and banquet scenes Strong contrasts of light and shade Realistic images Works: The King Drinks
  8. 8. Jordaens Van Dick
  9. 9. Painting: Netherlands • Rembrant – – – – – – – – Thunderous use of light and shade Dramatic figures filling the picture surface Fluid and vigorous brushwork He substituted the exact imitation of form by the suggestion of it: painting looked to be unfinished Limited palette but able to depict colours He worked in complex layers Great care to the physical qualities of the medium Works: The Night’s Ronda, Saskia having a Bath, The Jew Bridegroom, The Philosopher
  10. 10. Painting: Netherlands • Hals – – – – – He brought life to groups Portraits as a snapshot Unconventional work for his moment Quick depictions with a few touches of light Works: The Gipsy Girl • Vermeer – – – – – Domestic interiors Serene sense of compositional balance and spatial order Mundane, domestic or recreational activities He used the camera obscura to exaggerate perspective Works: Girl with the Pearl Earring, View of Delft, the Procuress, The Geographer
  11. 11. Hals Vermeer
  12. 12. Painting: France • Poussin – Founder of the classical school – Myths, essential subject and sensuality – Works: Et in Arcadia Ego • La Tour – Preocupation with the realistic rendering of light – Effects of chiaroscuro and diffusion of artificial illumination – Works: Marie Magdalene • Le Nain – Common life, peasants and poor people – Grave presences, not comic or gallant, neither picaresque or satirical – Works: Peasant’s Family
  13. 13. Poussin La Tour Le Nain
  14. 14. Painting: Spain • Zurbarán – – – – – He was a portrait painter Main subjects: religious (saints, monastic orders’ members) Austere, harsh, hard edged style Still-lives Works: Paintings of the Guadalupe Monastery, Sainte Casilde, Still-life with lemons
  15. 15. Painting: Spain • Velázquez – He painted any kind of subjects – He was Court Painter and travelled to Italy to buy art works and he knew classical masters’ works – Portraits: include royal family and nobility, some of them equestrian, but also normal people of the court or even beggars (Olivares, Juan de Pareja, Esopo, Meninas) – Religious paintings are treated as common subjects, with great importance given to daily life objects (Christ in Martha and Mary’s house)
  16. 16. Painting: Spain – Mythological work appear normally in a secondary plan or represented by normal people (Spinners, Drunks) – Historical scenes (Breda’s Surrender) – Nudes (Venus of the mirror) – Landscapes (Villa Medicci) – Genre scenes: same importance given to the tools or to people (Old Woman Cooking Eggs, Sevilla’s Water-Seller)
  17. 17. Painting: Spain – Characteristics: • Great detail when wanted • Aerial perspective • Pre-Impressioniss (few matter and impression of unfinished work) • Special conception of the space (no divisions of it) • Resource to very baroque elements such as mirrors that create an illusionist space • Richness of colours
  18. 18. Painting: Spain • Murillo – His work is not strong but his images are convincing – Realism but a bit idealistic – He is reputed as children painter, works in which beggars and poor children are depicted – He created a model of Immaculate, moved by the wind and with a lot of putti – Works: Children Eating Fruit, Two Women at a Window, the Holy Family of the Bird, Immaculate
  19. 19. Rococo Painting • Instead of portraying the moral depression of the time, they protrait high society and gallant festivals • Beautiful sensuality is masterly depicted through the colour • Conversations, rural pleasures, character as the Italian and French Commendians indicates the spirit of this art • Slim images, in unaffected pose, in rural sceneries and painted with the finest colours
  20. 20. Rococo Painting • France – Wateau • He depicted mankind as the most interesting natural element: affinity toward them • Elegant characters in vibrant colours • Works: Embarkation to Citera, Gilles – Fragonard • Rapid an spontaneous painter • He depicted the sense of human folly • Works: The Swing – Chardin • Master of the still life • Paintings in brown colours with mids, but loyal to reallity
  21. 21. Fragonard Watteau Chardin
  22. 22. Rococo Painting • England – Hogart • Caricature in his morality paintings • Fluent and vigorous brushwork • Works: Shrimp Girl – Gainsborough • Artist of the landscape and the portrait • Ability to regard all creatures with sympathy • Works: Landscape with Gypsies, Sunset
  23. 23. Hogart Gainsborough
  24. 24. Rococo Painting • Italy – Tiepolo • Master of the decorative painting • He used the fresco • Works: Wurzburg Palace, Allegory of the Spanish Monarchy – Canaletto • Townscapes painter (vedute) • He apparently painted directly from nature • He used the camera obscura • Works: Architectural Capriccio, The Bucintoro Returning to the Molo on Ascension Day
  25. 25. Tiepolo Canaletto