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Learning Theory: Constructivism

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  1. 1. Constructivism M. Folgueras C. Franzosa A. Harris C. Munger D. Pacheco
  2. 2. Key Points  Constructivism focuses mostly on the learner. There is constant need of students and teachers to challenge each other’s assumption, which encourages students to think hard about the problem or topic and come up with great answers.  This philosophy states that students learn best when they are doing. Students need to be actively engaged and participate in the classroom. Children are born natural active learners. They use critical thinking skills to analyze a problem and then they can construct their own understanding of the problem.  As children move through different cognitive stages they are building on what they already know.  Constructivism states that students learn mostly through real life experiences. Each different life experience teaches them a valuable lesson and they use these lessons in the classroom to solve other problems.
  3. 3. Key People  Jean Piaget  Developed the cognitive learning theory  Believed that for children to learn to their highest potential they should be allowed to construct their own knowledge  Strongly believed that a child’s development precedes learning
  4. 4. Key People cont.  Lev Vygotsky  Focused on the role of social interaction  Emphasized the importance of culture and the importance of the social context for cognitive development  Believed learning was influenced mainly by social development
  5. 5. Key People cont.  Jerome Bruner  Believed that learning is an active process where students construct new ideas based on previous knowledge  Felt that students should be actively engaged while learning  Believed that the role of teachers is to encourage students to learn new concepts on their own
  6. 6. Key People cont.  John Dewey  Believed that learning should engage and increase the experiences of students  Emphasized cooperative learning  Believed that a schools job was to do more than just educate
  7. 7. Classroom Implications: Teacher  Tools for the teacher  With technology  Inspiration, Kidspiration and Webspiration  Inspiration software is a good tool for students because it helps to learning and empowers them to embrace their own learning styles. Inspiration software allows students to understand their unique learning styles and also allows them to learn how to apply and use all those learning styles for the future by helping them think critically and enhance creative thinking.  Without technology  KWL(H) Chart  What a student knows, What a students wants to know, What a student has learned and How that student has learned it. This constructivist learning model has been used for a very long time. It is helpful because it allows students to track their own progress and embrace the lesson they are learning. If a student doesn't understand something or finds that they didn't answer their own question of the end of the lesson they can go back and retrace their steps until they are sure they have completely obtained their full knowledge of the subject.
  8. 8. Classroom Implications: Student  Tools for the student  With technology  Under the constructivist theory, students can use technology as a visual thinking tool in order to not only think critically but expand their knowledge. An example of this would be using programs such as PowerPoint and Inspiration, where they are visually seeing their graphic organizers and presentations which allow them to express their knowledge.  Without technology  Under the constructivist theory, students without technology can use mind maps and KWL charts which allows them to see what they have learned and express their knowledge in their own words without needing technology in order to do so.
  9. 9. Theory In Regards to Our Teaching  Constructivism is a good philosophy to have in the classroom. We like the ideas of this philosophy a lot. Students should learn by doing because it allows them to experience the learning in a way that they will remember and also enjoy. This philosophy allows kids to construct their own view about different problems and for the world. It encourages students to be creative, a trait we believe is so important.  As a teacher you can’t be too overbearing over your students especially when it comes to how they learn and what they learn. If we truly want our students to learn something then we have to allow them to learn that lesson their own way and through their own classroom experiences and not just by what the book says or else they won’t remember that lesson the following week.  In most school systems students are being force fed a lot of lessons and not actually understanding what they are being taught. If we want our students to actually remember and understand what we are trying to teach them, then they must create that understanding by themselves, at their own pace; of course as teachers we must be there to help and facilitate the lessons and materials however.
  10. 10. Sources UCTIVISM-in-Piaget-and-Vygotsky