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Free as in Freedom products and communities: Open Digital DIY manufacturing across people and cultures

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this talk presents the main findings of the EU research project DiDIY (Digital DIY), how FKI is continuing the same activities within Comunificadora and other projects, and how they may be further reused, and co-developed worldwide. Full abstract at http://freeknowledge.eu/article/fki-present-india-open-digital-diy-manufacturing-across-countries-and-cultures

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Free as in Freedom products and communities: Open Digital DIY manufacturing across people and cultures

  1. 1. Free as in Freedom products & communities: Open Digital DIY manufacturing across countries and cultures Swatantra 2017 December 21st, 2017 Marco Fioretti - FKI
  2. 2. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum What is the ● Founded in NL in 2007 ● Local permanent teams in Spain, Italy, NL ● International network of contacts ● Key values and goals: ● Knowledge and Technology for a Free Knowledge Society ● Freedom and sustainability through collaboration and empowerment ● Main projects and FKI founding principles: http://freeknowledge.eu ???
  3. 3. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum A quick look at the world Social struggles ● Extreme poverty ● Job uncertainty (automation) ● Increasing Inequality and precariousness ● Mass migrations Environmental disasters ● Climate changes ● Ocean Acidification ● Loss of biodiversity
  4. 4. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum ● race to the bottom that nobody wins for long ● everybody is burned by the next one who is just a bit cheaper ● wherever they are, every time faster than the previous one Current mainstream models have big limits.. Screenshot sources: http://techcrunch.com/2016/12/09/africas-tech-hubs/ www.forbes.com/sites/pascalemmanuelgobry/2014/08/25/c hina-understands-what-the-west-doesnt-africa-is-our-next- superpower/#2557b5e41330 http://theweek.com/articles/547623/why-africa-next-china
  5. 5. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum April 24th, 2013, Rana Plaza, Bangladesh “deadliest garment-factory accident in history” Death toll: 1324 … huge ecological and human costs Up to 95 per cent of all plastic debris found in the sea is carried by 8 rivers in Asia and 2 in Africa rivers Source: Banega Swachh India
  6. 6. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum even in the so called “First” world!!!
  7. 7. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum ● [In UK] “High street brands expect turnarounds [so quick]... that factories in Turkey and India simply can’t meet. [This has lead to...] quasi-Victorian labour exploitation” ● “technology is not being used to replace workers altogether, but to make them increasingly resemble robots” ..with still little-known consequences Sources/comments: http://stop.zona-m.net/2017/10/robots-displacing-humans...-or-humans-becoming- robots/www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jun/17/worry-less-about-robots-more-about-sweatshops
  8. 8. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum ● Most of the proposals and solutions carrying those labels are – Proprietary... but that may be the last of their problems! – Top-down (imposed by corporations or central governments) – Monolithic, one size-fits-all products – With one common business model: ● sell or lease as much “iron” as possible ● do it from scratch again, every 5/10 years ● don’t worry, wealth will “trickle down”! ● Sometimes such solutions may be the best ones… ● but they cannot be the only ones! Smart Cities? Internet of Things?
  9. 9. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Role and Opportunities of Asia ● "Many large Asian cities are becoming intolerable places to live...” ● “As Asia seeks to embrace modernity... it risks losing its own culture” ● “When it comes to the future of the planet, decisions in Beijing, New Delhi, Jakarta and Lagos will be more important than those taken in Washington or Brussels” ● “[Developing nations] need to go much further in developing new economic models if the world’s resources are to be sustained [and] “stop being subservient to western ideas about progress” ● “It will require human cooperation way beyond the scale being envisioned here to solve [all this]” Quotes from “The west can’t fix the climate crisis. Asia will have to do it” by Chandran Nair, December 2017
  10. 10. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum What FKI has learned... DiDIY (www.didiy.eu) - EU H2020 research on nature and LONG TERM impacts of Digital DIY ( ethical, social, environmental, educational, economical) Comunificadora - Startup Support Programme exploring the viability of a commons-based collaborative economy ● …. and wants to share, and further co-develop… ● by means of (among other projects):
  11. 11. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum What is DiDIY (Digital DIY)? ● DIY (community) enabled digital manufacturing ● much more than 3D printing, or “makers” ● like software, DiDIY is not limitable ● TECHNOLOGY: Digital DIY is born from, and enabled by,software and software-controllable machines of ALL kinds ● PEOPLE: but DiDIY is first and foremost a human and sociocultural phenomenon, which should be managed and regulated as such ● The “Y” in DIY can (should?) even be a whole community ● The real impact (and value) of DiDIY is when it is put to service of basic needs of little but whole communities, often on “analog” materials (food, water, wood, textiles, earth...)
  12. 12. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Cons of DiDIY ● DiDIY to make “First world” gadgets = more toxic waste around ● Security and safety issues: – NOT where politicians and media expect them, e.g. firearms... – As much as in everyday products, (car brakes, child toys, medical devices...) ● Disruption of ethical and legal norms and systems ● Job losses (MAYBE): Westerners (re)making their stuff themselves = LESS people elsewhere able to make a living ● Much higher pressure on: “intellectual property”, product liability, consumer rights, personal responsibility... I blink when you’ve got GMAIL!!!
  13. 13. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Did anybody say “First World Gadgets”?
  14. 14. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum DiDIY risks: confirmation by Ashvin (thx!)
  15. 15. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Pros of DiDIY ● Individual: more creativity, freedom ● Social: same quality of life, at (potentially much) smaller human, social, environmental costs ● DIY = YOU/Your COMMUNITY choose what to use, build, modify – Easier to respect human rights, local cultures, ecosystems.. – LESS products,repairable by DESIGN and traveling MUCH less from producer to user – More than creating problems, it helps to solve pre-existing ones
  16. 16. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Q: A 3d printer in every home? ● A: No, thanks, it would be ridiculous ● If it were used often enough to be cost-effective – It woul be a huge waste of materials, energy, space... ● In all other cases (99.99%?) actual utilization would be next to nothing
  17. 17. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Try to imagine, instead... ● Then repeat the imagination excercise for any other appliance. Or clothes. Or furniture. Or... ● A washer machine that is: ● Orderable to a fablab ● Assemblable at home ● Designed to be 100% repairable and last 50 YEARS ● Controlled by 100% user-upgradable Free Software
  18. 18. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Try to imagine… Village level assembly lines ● Q: What do you get when you put together a cool 3D printers or similar DiDIY machine with an uncool conveyor belt? ● A: Something that: ● is cheap enough that most communities may own one ● may work 24/7, if needed ● But does not need to, in order to be profitable! ● can produce endless sequences of... unique objects: the ones that its owners actually need
  19. 19. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Try to compare Star Wars...
  20. 20. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum DIY digitally farming drones, greenhouses, micro-watering systems, pest mapping... that are Community- designed, owned and managed! To today’s reality: the part of Star Wars that matters... is now a concrete possibility for villagers worldwide
  21. 21. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Next level: La Comunificadora http://freeknowledge.eu/projects#comunificadora ● Support and incubation program for… ● organisations and B2B services based on Commons, Sharing, DiDIY, and alternative business sustainability models...
  22. 22. CC BY-SA Wouter Tebbens wouter@freeknowledge.eu Example: analysis of GoodEnoughCNC
  23. 23. CC BY-SA Wouter Tebbens wouter@freeknowledge.eu Case: GoodEnoughCNC software: GPLv3 design: CERN OHL documentation: CC BY-SA 4.0 data: CC0 physical products: intrafirm, p2p service: intra-firm collaborative plataforms: Github Fabrikor: custom manufacturing service Tallers kits, prod. final yes IRNAS foundation DIY+ commercial
  24. 24. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Take-home message ● DiDIY / Distributed manufacturing directly serving local needs can give both to individuals, and whole communities worldwide many more ways to be more creative, pollute less and increase their economic self-sufficiency ● But ONLY IF it is: – “Free as in Freedom”: open hardware, software, standards... for maximum reuse and respect for diversity and real needs – Really feasible to practise and drive(!) (also) at community level
  25. 25. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum ● On-demand/distributed digital manufacturing cannot compete with mass production ● But only if the goal and model remains consumerism, that is production of the same volumes of goods, designed in the same way ● Consequence: innovation and pressures must be in product design, business sustainability models and in socioeconomical structures ● that is in laws, regulations and practices that explicitly allow, if not reward them, instead of stopping at GDP growth Take-home message (2)
  26. 26. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Take-home message (3) ● FACT #1: DiDIY is based on cheap, already existing digital technology – Very little technical innovation is needed get good things done. Future is just not evenly distributed – most components and technical knowledge, can and very often should be the same everywhere ● FACT #2: DiDIY is above all a socio-cultural phenomenon – cultural/social/governance structures and priorities, cannot be the same everywhere ● Worldwide, we all have to share (1), while learning from each other how to implement (2)
  27. 27. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum What is needed: mutual understanding and cooperation... ● Reach one, global critical mass on what should be the same everywhere (e.g open standards/ hardware..) In order to ● Western-style DiDIY can and really must learn from other cultures ● Others cultures can and should learn from Western-style excesses, or unintended consequences of “running first” ● Working together, minimize the effort neeed locally, to build social/legal structures that are the best ones for each culture
  28. 28. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum ● Equal access to DiDIY and basic knowledge (see next slide) ● (public) Support to businesses and organisations that: – Create and manage (digital or physical) Commons, providing: ● Right to Repair / Design for sustainability/ insurance coverage for DiDIY- based products/services ● B2B services and markets for local collaboration… ● Integrated with worldwide mutual assistance and sharing of designs, etc. ● In order to achieve: – Critical mass for long-term impact and sustainability – Transparency to contrast corruption and waste – Products and services that survive beyond their original creators What is needed: social infrastructures
  29. 29. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Examples (mostly from Comunificadora): ● Digital Commons (maps, designs, documentation...) ● Open Data, licenses, hardware, software ● Distributed Digital DIY Manufacturing ● Alternative business sustainability models ● CBPP: Commons-based Peer Production ● OSCE: Open Source Circular Economy ● Local, Digital Alternative Currencies Foto by Joi Ito, CC BY What is needed: shared knowledge of commons tools and concepts
  30. 30. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum ● NGOS must know that this world exists! ● In order to prepare pupils and empower citizens... ● Teachers and Civil Servants need to know – What to avoid – What to (re)use – How to adapt it to actual local needs ● Propose and support community level actions! ● Fight the TINA mentality (There Is No Alternative) What is needed: education of civil servants, teachers and… most NGOS!
  31. 31. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Swatantra 2017 Dicember 2017, Trivandrum Thanks and… What Next? Please... ● Read (and comment!) the DiDIY Manual www.didiy.eu/public/didiy- manual.pdf ● Read and sign the DiDIY Manifesto www.didiy.eu/didiy-manifesto ● Check out the FKI Principles and Projects at http://freeknowledge.eu ● FKI: freeknowledge.eu, @fkinstitute ● Marco Fioretti: marco@freeknowledge.eu @mfioretti_en and let’s work together!

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