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Digital DIY for self-
sustainability of rural
areas
SURAP Nitra
December 3rd, 2015
by Marco Fioretti
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
What is Digital DIY?
● a social, NOT technical phenomenon, based on
– much ...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
DiDIY project objectives
● understand the impacts of DiDIY on society
● fos...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Free Software and Open Hardware
● Come with full source code and design fil...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Arduino microcontroller and sensors
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
3D printers
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
CNC machines
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Digital DIY
in
Agriculture
and
Rural Areas
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Build and REALLY own your tools
● Cheaper and fully customizable
● No plann...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Digital DIY in Agriculture/Rural areas
Sensor-controlled hydroponic greenho...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Fields and livestock monitoring
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Collaborative mapping with OSM
People mapping:
● what THEY actually need
● ...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
LOCAL digital services
● DIY local connectivity
=
● Enable local,
community...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Sharing of data and knowledge
Even for LOW-TECH solutions
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Advantages of Digital DIY
●
very cost effective and customisable
● real own...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Digital DIY helps to make:
● Farming, forestry etc...
– More affordable
– L...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Main obstacles and risks
● Lack of awareness
● Education and cultural divid...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Proposed solutions
● NO to “selling” or buying products to/for farmers
● YE...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
A long time ago, in a
farm far far away...
Today:
Arduino-powered
farming a...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Just better. And REAL
Digital DIY farming may be a bit like Star Wars
(sour...
CC BY-SA
Marco Fioretti
marco@freeknowledge.eu
Thanks and...
● Questions?
● See you at
www.didiy.eu
(your help to translat...
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Digital DIY for self-sustainability of rural areas

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This is a talk at the 2015 Conference on "Sustainability of Rural Areas in Practice", that synthesizes a paper of the same title written by me and Wouter Tebbens for the Digital DIY project. Details and links at http://mfioretti.com/2015/12/nitra-digital-diy-for-self-sustainability-of-rural-areas/

Published in: Environment
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Digital DIY for self-sustainability of rural areas

  1. 1. Digital DIY for self- sustainability of rural areas SURAP Nitra December 3rd, 2015 by Marco Fioretti
  2. 2. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu What is Digital DIY? ● a social, NOT technical phenomenon, based on – much easier and cheaper production of all sorts of“products”, including “unique” or «smart» ones – thanks to digital tools and/or networks – accessibility of the related knowledge – much bigger than 3D printing
  3. 3. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu DiDIY project objectives ● understand the impacts of DiDIY on society ● foster a DiDIY-based, human-centric development in Europe ● produce useful results for European teachers, researchers and (primarily) policy-makers
  4. 4. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Free Software and Open Hardware ● Come with full source code and design files, released under licenses that explicitly allow, and encourage, reuse, modification, and redistribution by anyone, under the same conditions ● "Free as in Freedom, not as in Free Beer” regardless of whether and how much authors are paid for each copy of their software ● Examples: Linux, Libre Office, Firefox, Arduino...
  5. 5. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Arduino microcontroller and sensors
  6. 6. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu 3D printers
  7. 7. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu CNC machines
  8. 8. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Digital DIY in Agriculture and Rural Areas
  9. 9. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Build and REALLY own your tools ● Cheaper and fully customizable ● No planned obsolescence, full Right to Repair
  10. 10. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Digital DIY in Agriculture/Rural areas Sensor-controlled hydroponic greenhouses
  11. 11. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Fields and livestock monitoring
  12. 12. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Collaborative mapping with OSM People mapping: ● what THEY actually need ● in their OWN native language
  13. 13. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu LOCAL digital services ● DIY local connectivity = ● Enable local, community-owned versions of digital services ● Where commercial broadband would never arrive
  14. 14. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Sharing of data and knowledge Even for LOW-TECH solutions
  15. 15. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Advantages of Digital DIY ● very cost effective and customisable ● real ownership: maintenance surely possible even if “vendor” disappears ● Innovation without permission: no artificial legal barriers, contracts or dependency on big assistance programs ● can create local service jobs, not exposed to delocalisation ● empowers single farmers and whole communities, promotes sharing – High-tech, Precision Agriculture, Land Planning and Management “by the people, for the people”
  16. 16. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Digital DIY helps to make: ● Farming, forestry etc... – More affordable – Less uncertain and stressful ● Rural areas in general: – Less expensive to preserve, and easier to live in – More resilient, beyond the limits of markets
  17. 17. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Main obstacles and risks ● Lack of awareness ● Education and cultural divides ● Lack of adequate financing ● Overregulation
  18. 18. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Proposed solutions ● NO to “selling” or buying products to/for farmers ● YES to – Digital DIY-friendly regulations and financing – localization of information (manuals, sw...) – support community-owned fab labs/workshops – proper practical training – teach Digital DIY in agricultural/forestry faculties
  19. 19. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu A long time ago, in a farm far far away... Today: Arduino-powered farming automation (source: snapshot of Google image search)
  20. 20. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Just better. And REAL Digital DIY farming may be a bit like Star Wars (source: snapshot of Google image search)
  21. 21. CC BY-SA Marco Fioretti marco@freeknowledge.eu Thanks and... ● Questions? ● See you at www.didiy.eu (your help to translate these slides AND the main DiDIY pages Would be very appreciated) This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 644344. Disclaimer: The views expressed in this website do not necessarily reflect the views of the EC.

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