Preamble principles


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Preamble principles

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Government, Citizenship, and Constitution (1787-Present) SECTION 1:GOALS AND PRINCIPLES OF THE CONSTITUTION
  2. 2. The Constitution Has 3 Main Parts The Preamble The Articles The Amendments
  3. 3. The Preamble
  4. 4. Preamble The Preamble is an introduction. The Preamble sets 6 goals  1. To form a more perfect union  2. Establish Justice  3. Insure Domestic Tranquility  4. Provide for the Common Defense  5. Promote the General Welfare  6. Secure the Blessings of Liberty
  5. 5. Form a more perfect unionThe States need to work together as a unified nation.
  6. 6. Establish JusticeTo create laws and a system to solve disputes
  7. 7. What does domestic mean?Happening in the home
  8. 8. Insure domestic tranquilityTo make sure we have peace in our homes
  9. 9. Provide for the common defenseTo be able to raise armies for our defense
  10. 10. Promote the general welfareTo make sure we are happy and healthy
  11. 11. Sure the blessings of libertyTo make sure we are a free country
  12. 12. Preamble GoalsPreamble Goal What does it mean ?Form a more perfect union The States need to work together as a unified nation.Establish Justice To create laws and a system to solve disputesInsure Domestic Tranquility To make sure we have peace in our homesProvide for the Common Defense To be able to raise armies for our defensePromote the General Welfare To make sure we are happy and healthySecure the Blessings of Liberty To make sure we are a free country
  13. 13. The Articles There are 7 Articles in the Constitution The first 3 set up the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. The 4th deals with state relations The 5th allows us to amend or change the Constitution The 6th sets the Constitution as the Supreme Law and more important than state laws. The 7th allows us to ratify or accept the Constitution
  14. 14. Amendments The First 1o are called the Bill of Rights (1791) After that there have been 17 more Amendments to the Constitution
  15. 15. Seven Basic Principles Popular Sovereignty Limited Government Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Federalism Republicanism Individual Rights
  16. 16. Popular Sovereignty Ideas started to change from a king ruling to the people ruling, “We the people…” People have the rightto alter/abolish their government The people hold ultimate authority
  17. 17. Limited Government Wanted to avoid tyranny of a king in new government The government only has the powers the Constitution gives it EVERYONE must obey the law
  18. 18. Separation of Powers Constitution divides government into 3 branches  What are they?
  19. 19. Checks and Balances Why is it important to have a government system where there are checks and balances?  Safeguard against abuse of power Each branch has power to check/limit the actions of the other 2
  20. 20. Federalism Division of power between federal government and states Powers not given to federal government belong to states
  21. 21. Republicanism Citizens elect representatives to carry out their will Once in office can vote how they wish, but need to keep the peoples views in mind
  22. 22. Individual Rights Constitution protects individual rights Freedom of speech Freedom of religion Right to trial by jury