Ch 5 sec 2 turmoil over taxation (2)


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Ch 5 sec 2 turmoil over taxation (2)

  1. 1. Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies 1745 - 1775 Section 2 Turmoil Over Taxation
  2. 3. <ul><li>Push down one domino </li></ul><ul><li>French and Indian War </li></ul><ul><li>They all fall down </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes on the colonist. </li></ul><ul><li>Proclamation of 1763 </li></ul>Cause Effect
  3. 5. Conflict Between Britain and the Colonies British actions Colonists’ reactions Name: __________________ Period: _____ Social Science Date: ___________________ Concept Web Chapter 5: Crisis in the Colonies Section 2: Turmoil Over Taxation
  4. 6. Using ONE book, do the following with your partner. <ul><li>SKIM pages 146-153 to complete the concept web. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you include details. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Correct example: Tea Act, a tax on tea and also stated the colonist could only buy tea from England. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorrect example: Tea Act </li></ul>
  5. 7. Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies 1745 - 1775 Section 2 Turmoil Over Taxation
  6. 9. Trouble in the Ohio Valley <ul><li>English colonists head West, over the Appalachian Mountains, after the French leave </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans in the Ohio Valley are treated poorly by the English arrivals </li></ul>
  7. 10. War in the Ohio Valley Once Again! <ul><li>Angry Native Americans find a leader – Pontiac </li></ul><ul><li>Pontiac leads a fight against the English called Pontiac’s War in 1763 </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans lost the war to the English </li></ul>
  8. 11. Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>British government set up the Proclamation of 1763 to stop colonists from settling in the West – caused too many problems with the Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Proclamation of 1763 drew an imaginary line down the Appalachian Mountains – colonists could NOT cross it! COLONISTS ARE ANGRY!! </li></ul>
  9. 12. Proclamation of 1763
  10. 13. More Bad News for the Colonists <ul><li>Britain sent 10,000 troops to the colonies to enforce the Proclamation of 1763 </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the soldiers stayed in the Eastern cities </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists had to pay for these troops they didn’t want! </li></ul>
  11. 14. Question <ul><li>Can you think of a compromise that might have satisfied both the English government and the colonists? </li></ul>
  12. 15. Colonists are mad at the British government!
  13. 16. King George III Parliament England 13 Colonies +
  14. 17. Colonists Must Pay Taxes! <ul><li>King George III and Parliament raised taxes in the colonies to pay off war debt from the French and Indian War </li></ul>
  15. 18. Colonists Must Pay Taxes! <ul><li>Sugar Act 1764 – molasses- sweetener used to make rum. </li></ul><ul><li>Stamp Act 1765 – wills, diplomas, marriage papers, newspapers, almanacs, playing cards, dice </li></ul>
  16. 19. Protesting the Taxes…Colonists Get Even! <ul><li>Colonists protested the taxes by throwing rocks at tax agents, tarring and feathering tax agents, and rioting . </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Tarring and feathering </li></ul>
  18. 22. Protesting the Taxes…Colonists Get Even! <ul><li>No Taxation Without Representation ! Colonists can’t vote to elect members of Parliament to represent them – so they shouldn’t be taxed </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists write petitions and boycott British goods </li></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>Petition – sign a piece of paper to show your support for a cause </li></ul>
  20. 24. Boycott – stop buying something
  21. 25. Even More Taxes… <ul><li>Townshend Acts 1767 – glass, paper, paint, lead, tea </li></ul>
  22. 26. Make a prediction: What will be the next action(s) taken by the American colonists in response to the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, and Townshend Acts? Explain your answers. Give your opinion.
  23. 28. Make a prediction <ul><li>Discuss the WHO, WHAT, WHEN AND WHERE of this picture. </li></ul><ul><li>List 3 facts of this picture and make an inference of what you think is happening in this picture. </li></ul>
  24. 29. The Boston Massacre <ul><li>FIRST </li></ul><ul><li>Britain sent soldiers to protect British custom house officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists had to provide British soldiers with housing, candles, bedding, and drinks. </li></ul>
  25. 30. The Boston Massacre <ul><li>NEXT </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists gathered outside on the night of March 5, 1770 in Boston. They shouted insults and threw snowballs and ice at the British soldiers (lobster backs). </li></ul>
  26. 31. The Boston Massacre <ul><li>FINALLY </li></ul><ul><li>The British soldiers panicked and fired into the crowd. Five colonists were killed or lay dying. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the victims were Samuel Maverick and Crispus Attucks. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists protest! </li></ul>
  27. 32. The Boston Massacre <ul><li>THEN </li></ul><ul><li>More colonists arrived and the crowd grew larger. </li></ul>
  28. 33. The Boston Massacre <ul><li>Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Revere created the engraving to show British soldiers firing at unarmed colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>What is wrong in this engraving? </li></ul>
  29. 34. The Boston Massacre <ul><li>The soldiers were arrested and tried in court. John Adams defended the soldiers saying they deserved a fair trial. </li></ul><ul><li>At the trial John Adams argued that the colonists had provoked the soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>The soldiers received branding on their thumbs. </li></ul>
  30. 35. BOSTON MASSACRE <ul><li>What is your opinion: Who do you think was more at fault for causing the Boston Massacre – the colonists or the British soldiers? </li></ul>
  31. 47. Colonial Leaders <ul><li>Samuel Adams </li></ul><ul><li>John Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Abigail Adams </li></ul>
  32. 48. Colonial Leaders <ul><li>Mercy Otis Warren </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Henry </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington </li></ul>