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Martial Arts


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Published in: Sports, Education

Martial Arts

  1. 1. Martial Arts BY LAINE FENTON
  2. 2. The subject ‘The History of Martial Arts’ can prove to be quitedifficult, since Martial Arts is more like a genre of sport, andwithin it, it has many different styles and types of sports.Consequently, due to this fact, Martial Arts beholds a largeamount of history that may differ. For example, kick boxing wouldmost definitely have different history to those of Karate yet thereis some basic information when it comes to Martial Arts.
  3. 3. Most people think that Martial Arts originated in Asia and for alot of forms, it did, yet there are some parts of the world thatcan be credited for their individual form and style. AlthoughMartial Arts is not all just the kicks and punches, it can be tracedback to the prehistoric times, when it would simply be neededfor hunting or protection where weapons such as wood andstones were used.
  4. 4. Martial Arts has been a common filmMovies genre for years with the popular Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan and Jet Li as a favourite martial arts performers. There are movies such as Jackie Chan’s Drunken Master or Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon that have dominated and gained massive popularity on its release and are still popular today. There are also popular movies such as Fist of Fury which showcased Bruce Lee’s amazing martial arts skills.
  5. 5. On the 27th November 1940 in SanFrancisco’s Chinatown a Martial Artslegend and inspiration that goes bythe name of Bruce Lee was born.Bruce Lee is a famous Martial Artistand actor who is known across theworld and holds a massive place inhistory. He represented amazingtalent in various styles of Martial Artsand held many positions in movies.Even as a child Bruce he was seen inaround 20 movies including GoldenGate Girl when he was just threemonths old. Bruce first gained hispopularity in a television series calledThe Green Hornet which aired from1966 to 1967.
  6. 6. There are plenty well known people that have been involved in thissport, many of which have starred in movies or television series. Artistssuch as Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan and Jet Li have always been popular yetthere are also people such as Peter Lee, (an Australian Martial artist)Chuck Norris, and more, that have gained fame with their skills in Martialarts.
  7. 7. Jackie Chan was born in Hong Kong on the 7th of April 1954.He is a well know Martial Arts actor across Asia andWestern countries even to this day and has starred inpopular movies such as Drunken Master and the mostrecent Karate Kid. Even as a youth Jackie would train inKung Fu with his father Charles Chan. Charles had hopedthat by training his son in Kung Fu he would learn qualitiessuch as patience, courage and strength.
  8. 8. Jackie ChanJackie Chan was enrolled at China Drama academyin Hong Kong when he was 7 where he lived for 10years learning singing, acrobats, martial arts andacting. Unfortunately the school was preparing thechildren to perform in Chinese opera and by thetime Jackie graduated at 17, Chinese opera was notvery popular so he had to find other work whichproved hard since while at the school they nevertaught their students how to read or write. WhileJackie was working in Australia, he was discoveredby a man that worked in the Hong Kong movieindustry and from there got immense fame.
  9. 9. These days Taekwondo is practised innumerous countries across the worldsince its beginning point in thecountry of Korea. Taekwondo is aKorean art of self-defence (translatedit means “art of foot and hand”). It isa combination of combat and self-defence techniques as well as sportand exercise.
  10. 10. The form of martial Karate is not onlyarts called Karate a sport that keepshas been popularly your body fit butused across the also strengthensworld since 1372 your mind andand consists of concentration.numerous styles of Karateka is thekicks, punches, name used for aknee strikes and karate practitionerelbow strikes. (teacher).
  11. 11. • Karate gi (空手着)is the uniform that is worn whilst doing Karate. Although similar to the Judogi, (Judo uniform) the Karate gi is made of a much lighter material which aids to the certain strenuous movements in Karate training• The best quality Karate gi is made from a light canvas style cloth and the inferior Karate gi is cut from a light fabric that is similar to a summer shirt which can be easily ripped• There is three main cut styles of Karate gi; there is the Japanese, which tends to have short sleeves and trousers in order for less restriction, there is the European cut which has long sleeves and then there is the Kata, which today is very rare which has shorter sleeves and is made for purposes like style, rather than practicality
  12. 12. Martial arts in Australia is graduallygetting more and more common yetwith some towns embracing this sportmore than others. In Australia it isquite easy to join a group thatpractices a form of martial arts withmany options available for childrenand adults to involve themselves inthis active sport.
  13. 13. The history of Korea’s Martial Arts started similar to somemost other places, outside of the actual country, but despitethis, Korean martial arts is almost as old as the country itself.One of the oldest known form of ground fighting in Korea isssireum which is wresting. Imjin War (Japanese Invasion) in1592–1598, was an event which the martial arts skills thatthe Korean military knew would come in great use.
  14. 14. A Karate Gi with labels showing the names of specific parts. (Uwa-gi) Jacket Lapel (Eri) Sleeve opening Sleeve (Sodeguchi) (Sode) (Obi) Belt The Karate Gi is not only(Shita) used in Karate but many Bottom trim other forms of Martial of jacket Arts use the same uniform or one that is very similar. Trousers(Zubon)
  15. 15. There are hundreds of weaponsthat were used throughout thecenturies in Martial Arts, manyof which would be highly illegalin particular countries if theywere to be used these daysalthough plenty of forms ofMartial Arts includingKarate, Wushu, Judo and Kendocan use weapons. Despite thefact that the use of weapons arestill practised across the globethere are many rules and safetymeasures that regard how theweapons are used and when.
  16. 16. Weapons that are used in martial arts have always varied and have been around since the first fighting styles when people would use natural resources such as rocks. Yet weaponry has highly evolved from those days and throughout the generations of martial arts many effective weapons have been There are weapons created. such as; NunchakuVarious types of creative yetgruesome knives and swords Sai
  17. 17. Shaolin Monastery wasinscripted as a UNESCO WorldHeritage site in 2010 as part ofthe ‘Historic Monuments ofDengfeng. It has been know forits long association with theChinese martial arts and wasfounded in the fifth century.This Monastery is where manyChinese monks practise theirmartial arts and meditate as wellas being a popular touristattraction.
  18. 18. People can become famous Martial Artists for many ofreasons, television, movies and even books although there are somepeople that are not involved in any of those activities but in some peopleseyes, they are their mentor. These people are Masters, young and old thatdedicate time to teach others their well earned skills. There are manyMasters across the world yet the most famous of them is Lu Zijian.He was born in Yichang, Hubei Province, Mainland China on the 15October 1893 and is known as one of the oldest men to ever live. Lu wasawarded 9 Duan, which is the highest grade in Chinese Martial Artsranking system, in 2002 and also was a gold medalist at the age of 28 atthe Nanjing Yuhuatai Martial Arts Competition.
  19. 19. In Taekwondo, a referee always asks the competitorsbefore the beginning of each contest to bow to show asign of respect. Scores can be obtained by landing kicksand punches while penalties deduct points. The twotypes of penalties are; kyong-go, which is a warning orhalf penalty when the opponent eitherpushes, holds, grabs, turns their back on the otherperson or causes injury and the other gam-jeom is a one-point deduction which is used for more serious issues.Body and head protection and the appropriate uniformis also required under the rules of Taekwondo
  20. 20. Within a Karate competition there are totypes of rules, the WKF and the WUKO butfor this slide it will explain some very basicWUKO rules. When competing, thecompetitor and coach must wear the officialuniform as well as the coach and referee. Anattack of the face using an open-hand-technique or attack of the opponents jointsis prohibited and in an official competitionthere can be numerous judges as well as areferee and competitors.
  21. 21. Martial Arts in China In this country called China martial arts virtually runs through its veins. China is known as the birthplace of many forms of martial arts. There are hundreds of different styles and schools of Chinese martial arts that combine internal and external techniques that are collectively called Kung Fu, Wushu, Kuoshu or Ch’uan Fa.
  22. 22. Countries Martial arts is practiced as a popular sport across hundreds of countries and it is hard to find at least one country that does not practice a form of martial arts or have certain martial arts centers or clubs within parts of the country. Some of the many, many countries that use martial arts are:India Philippines South Korea China USA
  23. 23. Tournaments Tournaments, for those who are serious about their martial arts, these events are what they aim to participate in to showcase their skills and abilities as well as progress their title. Hundreds of martial arts tournaments are held across the world every year, some bigger and more significant than others.
  24. 24. Martial arts is exceptionallygreat for fitness and healthespecially due to the fact thatregardless of the style ofmartial arts that is beingperformed, they are all veryactive and energetic. Just someof the many fitness benefits thatmartial arts offers is;Weight loss, improvedreflexes, better muscletone, improved cardiovascularhealth, and it can even put us ina better mood.
  25. 25. MeditationMeditation is an important part in many formsof martial arts especially in those that arepracticed in Asia. Asian monks are very muchknown to use meditation a lot and believe thatwithout a balanced mind there is no way youcan possibly perform your best in martial arts.
  26. 26. LevelsLevels in martial arts are usually represented inobjects such as colored belts that distinguish differentgrades. Also different titles can represent the levelwhich an individual has achieved (e.g. master orsensei). The way that these levels are determined isusually when a grading or tournament event is held.
  27. 27. BLACK BELT -World’s Leading Martial Arts Resource Sul Won - 14/03/13A+E Networks Corporate - 22/03/13 – 26/3/13 – 28/3/13History Union of Karate Organisation 28/3/13Kumite and Kata Rules