Fazioli_Post Conference Presentation

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Presentation given at the Post University eLearning Conference on Friday September 17, 2010

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Fazioli_Post Conference Presentation

  1. 1. Is anybody out there?Closing the cyber gap in eLearning to increase motivation <br />Mark P. Fazioli, PhD<br />September 17, 2010<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  2. 2. About Me<br />Director of Instructional Design Post University<br />PhD in Instructional Design Capella University<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  3. 3. Outcomes<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />Explain the cyber gap that exists in online learning <br />Describe immediacy and social presence<br />Understand how to use elements of immediacy and social presence to close the cyber gap and increase motivation in online courses<br />
  4. 4. Ponder this…<br />What do you think “cyber gap” means?<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  5. 5. Ponder this…<br />Do you think the cyber gap has an effect on learner motivation?<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  6. 6. Personalization Principle<br />Moreno & Mayer, 2004<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  7. 7. Personalization Principle<br />Personalization of narration allows learners to exert less mental effort when learning new concepts in computer-based learning environment, increasing learning (Moreno & Mayer, 2004)<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  8. 8. How learning improves<br />People work harder to understand material when they feel they are in a conversation with a partner rather than simply receiving information<br />There is a feeling of participation and activity—learning is once again active<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  9. 9. Enhancing Social Presence<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  10. 10. Social Presence<br />Awareness of the presence of another person with possibility for interaction (Short, Williams & Christie, 1976).<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  11. 11. Makes interactions appealing, thereby increasing learner motivation.<br />Fostering social presence in a learning environment creates a level of comfort.<br />Learning environments that lack social presence are viewed as impersonal reducing the comfort level and the interaction within the course.<br />Social Presence<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  12. 12. Social Presence<br />Using social characters (social agents) creates a connection between the course room and the students.<br />CASA – Computer As Social Agents.<br />
  13. 13. Social Presence<br />So what do you think are other ways to increase social presence in an online course?<br />Breakout into groups of four…<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  14. 14. Immediacy<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  15. 15. Immediacy<br />The psychological distance which a communicator put between themselves and the object of communication (Gunawardena, 1995). <br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  16. 16. Immediacy<br />Verbal“we”, “you”, “our” and “your”, and humor<br />Nonverbalannouncements, discussion threads, emails<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  17. 17. Motivation<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  18. 18. Motivation<br />The hypothetical concept that explains the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of goal-directed behavior (Good & Brophy, 1990).<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  19. 19. Motivation<br />Intrinsic Motivation<br />Extrinsic Motivation<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  20. 20. Motivation<br />ARCS Model<br />Attention<br />Relevance<br />Confidence<br />Satisfaction<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  21. 21. How to close the gap<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  22. 22. Media Objects<br />Static photos<br />Avatars<br />Video<br />Audio<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  23. 23. Language & Tone<br /> Formal NarrationMonologue-style using third person<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  24. 24. Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  25. 25. Language & Tone<br />Conversational Narration“you”, “your”, “I”, “our”, and, “we”<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  26. 26. Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  27. 27. Language Activity<br />Take the script you’re given, and in your groups convert it to a more conversational format.<br />Be ready to share your ideas!<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  28. 28. Making it work in online<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  29. 29. Faculty information<br />Use a video or photo with a conversational script<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  30. 30. Announcements & Email<br />Be personalized and friendly in style<br />Write as though you are talking directly to the learners<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  31. 31. Instructional Strategies<br />Narrative case studies in storytelling format<br />Assignment directions<br />Include audio in PowerPoint presentations<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  32. 32. Address modalities<br />Be sure to hit both visual and verbal modalities<br />Have a picture of the instructor nearby when there is a page of text<br />Include audio notes to remind learners that the instructor is a human!<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  33. 33. Questions<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />
  34. 34. Contact Info<br />Mark Fazioli, PhDPost UniversityDirector of Instructional Design(203) 591-5688mfazioli@post.edu<br />Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning<br />

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