PLC - Organization

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a presentation on how to teach the writing trait "organization" based on Ruth Culham's book "6 + 1 Traits of Writing"

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PLC - Organization

  1. 1. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization “ The important thing about Organization is that you'd get lost without it. You couldn't cook a meal write a book plan a trip, or rule a country without it. It isn't chaos but it is a combination of time, space, sequence and ideas, flowing together to achieve a goal. The thing about Organization is that you'd get lost without it.” Culham, Ruth. 6+1 Traits of Writing . p. 31
  2. 2. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization <ul><li>Use organizers to develop and arrange ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Write clear and focused beginnings, middles, and endings </li></ul><ul><li>Understand and practice paragraphing </li></ul><ul><li>Focus main ideas in a topic sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Include facts and details that support main point </li></ul><ul><li>Organize ideas in an appropriate sequence (e.g., chronological, compare & contrast, question & answer, cause & effect) </li></ul><ul><li>Begin statements with reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Create a closing paragraph that summarized the points of the previous paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Write personal narratives, factual accounts, explanations, descriptions, stories, summaries, reports, letters, poems & journal entries </li></ul><ul><li>Choose from and experiment with a variety of forms for various purposes </li></ul>Correlation of the Write Traits across the SK ELA Curriculum
  3. 3. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization <ul><li>An inviting introduction gets the reader started and gives clues about what is to come. </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughtful transitions link key points and ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing should be logical, purposeful, and effective. </li></ul>Quick points to remember about Organization: <ul><li>Pacing – speeding up for wide angle and slowing down for close-ups – should be under control. </li></ul><ul><li>A satisfying conclusion wraps it all up, yet leaves the reader with something to wonder about. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization <ul><li>Writing a Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how to “hook” the reader: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a though provoking question </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a funny story or personal anecdote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an eye-opening statement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an expert quotation </li></ul></ul></ul>Teaching the Organization Trait <ul><li>Developing the Middle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>organize by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>space </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>big impression first then move to smaller details </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chronologically </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>subcategories </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>perspective </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>arguments for and against </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization Teaching the Organization Trait <ul><li>Teach Transition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To show location: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>above, beneath, amid, in back of, beyond </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To compare or contrast: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>similarly, but, however, even so, otherwise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To show time: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>first, second, later, then, afterward, soon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To conclude or summarize: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>finally, to sum up, as a result, in conclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To add information: besides, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in addition to, besides, for example, furthermore </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization Teaching the Organization Trait <ul><li>Teach Sequencing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix it up: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reorder a poem or story and have the students reassemble it in the correct order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Putting It in Order: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read aloud a familiar story. After have a child tell the beginning, choose another child to tell the ending, then choose others to on to tell events from the middle – put them in the right order between the beginning and the end children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step by Step: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write directions for an activity, then do the activity as directed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization Teaching the Organization Trait <ul><li>Teach Pacing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ten Minutes only: time out a story – all the action must happened within ten minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give Evidence: make a list of the pros and cons of an argument. Give a sentence to support each argument. Then assemble the argument together – point, then counterpoint – until the issue has been explored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline your story: create a story outline as events occur – step by step </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization Teaching the Organization Trait <ul><li>Teach Pacing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ten Minutes only: time out a story – all the action must happened within ten minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give Evidence: make a list of the pros and cons of an argument. Give a sentence to support each argument. Then assemble the argument together – point, then counterpoint – until the issue has been explored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline your story: create a story outline as events occur – step by step </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization <ul><li>Writing a Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look to authors – follow a model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A profound thought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A surprise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A quote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Tie-up </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A question or open-ended statement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A challenge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A summary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A literary device (i.e., a metaphor) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A laugh </li></ul></ul></ul>Teaching the Organization Trait
  10. 10. 6 + 1 Write Traits - Organization What are some of the activities that you used in your class this year to teach the trait of Organization?

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