x3850 X5 overview   1
x3850 X5 Technical Presentation Michelle Gottschalk        Ralph M. BegunWW Product Manager     System Development Leadmgo...
IBM System x3850 X5                        Flagship System x platform for leadership scalable performance                 ...
x3850 X5 and x3950 X5 Models x3850 X5 – Four Socket Scalable Server IBM System x high end four-socket server with Intel 75...
Intel Xeon chipset   5
Intel Boxboro-EX 4S design• Connectivity  – Fully-connected (4 Intel® QuickPath                                           ...
Intel Boxboro-EX 2S Platform• Modified Boxboro-EX ingredients to offer a new  high-memory 2S platform• Xeon 2S will only b...
Xeon® 7500/6500 Platform Memory                                                    2 DDR3                                 ...
x3850 X5 system specifics   9
x3850 X5 front view                                                (2x) 1975W Rear Access Hot        10Gb Ethernet Adapter...
System Images - Interior                                                            SAS Backplanes + HDD CageSlot 1       ...
New x3850 X5 memory card                           Specifications :                           64 DDR3 DIMMs               ...
System Images – Chassis View                                                               Rear Access HS PSUs            ...
System Images – CPU and Memory                    CPU and Heatsink installation     Memory Cards14
System Images - Options                          M1015 RAID card and                          Installation bracket        ...
x3850 X5 DIMM Population Rules                                                                                       Memor...
x3850 X5 PCIe Slot Population                              Card #                PCIe Slot #                              ...
x3850X5 Supported Internal ServRAID                  adapters             ServRAID M1015                            ServRA...
x3850 X5 – Hardware; Speeds and Feeds     Processors                                     Networking      4 Socket Intel X...
x3850 X5 – Hardware; Speeds and Feeds Cont.     2.5” Storage                                                        IMM   ...
System Population Guidelines      Processors       Base Systems contain 2 CPU       8-socket QPI scaling is supported wi...
Trademarks                                                                  TrademarksThe following are trademarks of the ...
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IBM System x3850 X5 Technical Presenation abbrv.

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This is a segment of a larger presentation covering some of the technical aspects of the x3850 X5.

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  • Each CPU needs at least one memory cardEach memory card needs at least 2 DIMM’sDIMM’s must be installed in matching pairsOptimal memory performance requires 2 memory cards per CPU, with 4 DIMMs on each memory card, equal amounts of memory per card.If memory mirrored, then DIMM’s must match in sets of 4eX5 Memory expansion works best with DIMM’s in sets of 4eX5 Memory expansion works best with a ratio of 2/1 memory in host/expanderMemory Size DIMM FRU Option (contains only 1 DIMM)1GB DIMM (1Gb, x8, SR) 43X5044 44T1490 44T14802GB DIMM (1Gb, x8, DR) 43X5045 44T1491 44T14814GB DIMM (1Gb, x8, QR) 43X5055 46C7452 46C74488GB DIMM (2Gb, x8, QR) 43X5070 46C7488 46C748216GB DIMM (2Gb, x4, QR) 43X5071 46C7489 46C7483Best not to mix ranks in a channelMemory InstallationCard number DIMM Numbers1 1 & 8 7 1 & 8 3 1 & 8 5 1 & 8 2 1 & 8 8 1 & 8 4 1 & 8 6 1 & 8 1 3 & 6 7 3 & 6 3 3 & 6 5 3 & 6 2 3 & 6 8 3 & 6 4 3 & 6 6 3 & 6 1 2 & 7 7 2 & 7 3 2 & 7 5 2 & 7 2 2 & 7 8 2 & 7 4 2 & 7 6 2 & 7 1 4 & 57 4 & 5 3 4 & 5 5 4 & 5 2 4 & 5 8 4 & 5 4 4 & 5 6 4 & 5
  • A PCIe Gen 2 lane is 500MB/sX16 PCIe slot is ~~ 8GB/sX8 PCIe slot is ~~5GB/sX4 PCIe slot is ~~2GB/s
  • IBM System x3850 X5 Technical Presenation abbrv.

    1. 1. x3850 X5 overview 1
    2. 2. x3850 X5 Technical Presentation Michelle Gottschalk Ralph M. BegunWW Product Manager System Development Leadmgottsc@us.ibm.com begun@us.ibm.com March 30, 2009
    3. 3. IBM System x3850 X5 Flagship System x platform for leadership scalable performance and capacity Versatile 4-socket, 4U rack-optimized scalable enterprise server provides a flexible platform for maximum utilization, reliability and performance of compute- and memory-intensive workloads.Maximize Memory– 64 threads and 1TB capacity for 3.3x database and 3.6x the virtualization performance over industry 2-socket x86 (Intel Xeon 5500 Series) systems– MAX5 memory expansion for 50% more virtual machines and leadership database performance System SpecificationsMinimize Cost– Lower cost, high performance configurations reaching desired  4x Intel Xeon 7500-series CPUs memory capacity using less expensive DIMMs  64 DDR3 DIMMs, up to 96 with MAX5  6 open PCIe slots (+ 2 additional)– eXFlash 480k internal IOPs for 40x local database performance  Up to 8x 2.5” HDDs or 16x 1.8” SSDs and $1.3M savings in equal IOPs storage  RAID 0/1 Std, Optional RAID 5/6  2x 1GB Ethernet LOMSimplify Deployment  2x 10GB Ethernet SFP+ Virtual Fabric / FCoEE– Pre-defined database and virtualization workload optimized  Scalable to 8S, 128 DIMM systems for faster deployment and faster time to value  Internal USB for embedded hypervisor  IMM, uEFI & IBM Systems Director 3
    4. 4. x3850 X5 and x3950 X5 Models x3850 X5 – Four Socket Scalable Server IBM System x high end four-socket server with Intel 7500 Series processors, IMM, RAID 0,1, dualGigE, Emulex 10GigE, 2x1975W power supplies x3850 X5 x3850 X5 7145-1RY 2x E7520 4 Core 1.86GHz18MB x4.8 95W (S4S), 4x4GB 7145-2RY 2x E7530 6 Core 1.86GHzT,12MB x5.86 105W (S4S), 4x4GB 7145-3RY 2x E7540 6 Core 2.0GHzT,18MB x6.4 105W (S8S), 4x4GB 7145-4RY 2x X7550 8 Core 2.0GHzT,18MB x6.4 130W (S8S), 4x4GB 7145-5RY 2x X7560 8 Core 2.27GHzT,24MB x6.4 130W (S8S), 4x4GB 2x X7550 8 Core 2.0GHzT,18MB x6.4 130W (S8S), 4x4GB 7145-E4Y x3850 X5 w/ MAX5 x3850 X5 – Memory Expanded Four Socket Scalable Server IBM System x high end four-socket scalable server with MAX5, IMM, RAID 0,1, dualGigE, Emulex 10GigE, 1x4QPI cable kit, 2x1975W power supplies x3850 X5 . 7145-2SY 4x E7530 6 Core 1.86GHzT,12MB x5.86 105W (S4S), 8x4GB + eX5 MAX5, 2x2GB 7145-4SY 4x X7550 8 Core 2.0GHzT,18MB x6.4 130W (S8S) 8x4GB + eX5 MAX5, 2x2GB 7145-5SY 4x X7560 8 Core 2.27GHzT,24MB x6.4 130W (S8S) 8x4GB + eX5 MAX5, 2x2GB MAX5 Workload Optimized Models Richly-configured models optimized for virtualization environments or database workloads x3950 X5 Virtualization Optimized Models 4x X7550 Turbo 2.0GHz/6.4GTS-18MB 8C 130W. 64x4GB, +eX5 MAX5, 32x4GB, VMWare 7145-4DX ESXi Hypervisor USB key x3850 X5 Database Optimized Models 2x X7560 Turbo 2.26GHz/6.4GTS-24MB 8C 4QPI, 8x4GB, 2x1975W, IMM, 1 x Intruder 7145-5DY backplane, dual GigE, Emulex 10GigE 7145-4FY 4 x X7550 Turbo 2.0GHz/6.4GTS-18MB 8C 130W, 32x4GB, 16x1.8” 200GB SSD,RAID 5,6 7145-5GY 4 x X7560 Turbo 2.26GHz/6.4GTS-24MB 8C 130W, 32x4GB, 16x1.8”200GB SSD,RAID 5,6 4
    5. 5. Intel Xeon chipset 5
    6. 6. Intel Boxboro-EX 4S design• Connectivity – Fully-connected (4 Intel® QuickPath MB MB MB interconnects per socket) MB Xeon Xeon MB MB – 6.4, 5.86, or 4.8 GT/s on all links MB MB – Socket-LS – With 2 IOHs: 82 PCIe lanes (72 Gen2 MB MB Boxboro lanes + 4 Gen1 lanes on unused MB Xeon Xeon MB MB ESI port + 6 Gen1 ICH10 lanes) MB MB MB• Memory Intel® QuickPath interconnects – CPU-integrated memory controller – Registered DDR3-1066 DIMMs running at Boxboro Boxboro speeds of 800, 978 or 1066 MHz via on- board memory buffer X4 – 64 DIMM support (4:1 DIMM to buffer ESI ratio) ICH X4 PCIe Gen1 x8 x8 x8 x8 x4 x8 x8 x8 x8 x4 10*• Technologies & Enabling 2x4 2x4 x16 x16 – Intel® Intelligent Power Node Manager 2x4 2x4 – Virtualization: VT-x, VT-d, & VT-c – Security: TPM 1.2, Measured Boot, UEFI – RAS features 6 6
    7. 7. Intel Boxboro-EX 2S Platform• Modified Boxboro-EX ingredients to offer a new high-memory 2S platform• Xeon 2S will only be validated with up to 2 IOHs Validated Configuration• Xeon 2S SKUs cannot scale natively (w/ QPI) beyond 2skts• Xeon 2S SKUs can scale beyond 2skts with a node Xeon Xeon controller• Comparison w/ Boxboro-EX & Tylersburg-EP: Intel® QuickPath interconnects Boxboro Boxboro X4 ESI Boxboro-EX 2S Tylersburg-EP ICH X4 PCIe Gen1 (2 IOH) (2 IOH) x8 x8 x8 x8 x4 x8 x8 x8 x8 x4 10* 2x4 2x4 2x2 x16 x16 2x2 # of cores per CPU Up to 8 Up to 4 2x4 2x4 QuickPath 4^ 2 Interconnect # of DIMMs 32 18 PCIe lanes 72+10 72+6 7 7
    8. 8. Xeon® 7500/6500 Platform Memory 2 DDR3 4 SMI • 4 Socket platform capability 64 DIMMs M RDIM M RDIM SMB M RDIM M RDIM – Up to 16 DDR3 DIMMs per socket via up to four Scalable Memory Buffers – Support for up to 16GB DDR3 DIMMs – 1TB with 16GB DIMMS Xeon 7500/6500 • Memory types supported: – 1066MHz DDR3 – Registered (RDIMM) – Single-rank (SR), dual-rank (DR), quad-rank (QR) Up to 16 DIIMS • Actual system memory speed depends on specific processor capabilities. (see NHM-EX SKU stack for max SMI link speeds per SKU): – 6.4GT/s SMI link speed capable of running memory speeds up to 1066Mhz – 5.86GT/s SMI link speed capable of running memory speeds up to 978Mhz** – 4.8GT/s SMI link speed capable of running memory speeds up to 800Mhz^SMI^SMI/SMB = Intel Scalable Memory Interconnect / Scalable Memory Buffer ^SMI^SMI/SMB = Intel Scalable Memory Interconnect / Scalable Memory Buffer 8** Memory speed sett by UEFI ; All channels in a system will run at the fastest common frequency 8
    9. 9. x3850 X5 system specifics 9
    10. 10. x3850 X5 front view (2x) 1975W Rear Access Hot 10Gb Ethernet Adapter Swap, Redundant P/S (8x) Memory Cards – 7x - PCIe Gen2 Slots 8 1066MHxDDR3 DIMMs per card (4x) Intel Xeon EX CPU’s RAID Card(2x) 120mmHot Swap Fans 2x 60mm Hot Swap Fans DVD Drive (8x) Gen2 2.5” Drives Dual USB Light Path Diagnostics 10
    11. 11. System Images - Interior SAS Backplanes + HDD CageSlot 1 M5015 RAID PCIe x16Slot 2 PCIe x4Slot 3 PCIe x8 Boxborro 2Slot 4 PCIe x8 HS Fan PackSlot 5 PCIe x8Slot 6 PCIe x8 Boxborro1 Mem Card 8Slot 7 PCIe x8 CPU4 Mem Card 7 System Mem Card 6 Recovery PS1 Jumpers CPU3 Mem Card 5 USB Mem Card 4 CPU2 Mem Card 3 PS2 Mem Card 2 CPU1 Mem Card 1 11
    12. 12. New x3850 X5 memory card Specifications : 64 DDR3 DIMMs 32 buses @ 1066M 2 DIMMs per bus SMI - 16 buses Each @ 6.4GT/s (2B Rd/1B Wr) PC3-10600R LP DIMMs 1GB, x8, 1R, 1Gb 2GB, x8, 2R, 1Gb 4GB, x8, 4R, 1Gb 8GB, x8, 4R, 2Gb 16GB, x4, 4R, 2Gb12
    13. 13. System Images – Chassis View Rear Access HS PSUs - lift up on handle then pull outFront Access 120mm fans QPI Scalability Ports / Cables Rear I/O Shutttle 13
    14. 14. System Images – CPU and Memory CPU and Heatsink installation Memory Cards14
    15. 15. System Images - Options M1015 RAID card and Installation bracket 8 HDD SAS Backplane15
    16. 16. x3850 X5 DIMM Population Rules Memory Card 1General Memory Population Rules DIMM 8 DIMM 6• DIMM’s must be installed in matching pairs DIMM 1 DIMM 3 Channel 1• Each memory card requires at least 2 Channel 0 Channel 0 Channel 1 DIMM 7 DIMM 5 DIMM’s DIMM 2 DIMM 4 Memory Buffer 2Memory Population Best Practices Memory Buffer 1• Populate 1 DIMM / Memory Buffer on each CPU SMI Lane 2 SMI lane 1st SMI Lane 1 MC1• Populate 1 DIMM / Memory Buffer across all cards before moving to populate the next channel on the Memory Buffer• Populate DIMMs furthest away from SMI Lane 4 MC2 Memory Buffer 1st (ie – 1, 8, 3, 6) before SMI Lane 3 populating 2nd DIMM in channel• Memory DIMMs should be plugged in order Memory Buffer 1 of DIMM size Memory Buffer 2 • Plug largest DIMMs first, followed by next DIMM 2 DIMM 4 largest size Channel 0 Channel 1 DIMM 7 DIMM 5• Each CPU & memory card should have DIMM 1 DIMM 3 Channel 0 Channel 1 identical amounts of RAM DIMM 8 DIMM 6 Memory Card 2 Optimally expandable memory config is 2 memory cards / CPU, 4 DIMMs / memory card, equal amounts of memory / card 1616 16
    17. 17. x3850 X5 PCIe Slot Population Card # PCIe Slot # 1 1 2 5 3 3 4 6 5 4 6 7 7 2 Plug one PCIe card / Boxboro before moving to next set of slots 1717 17
    18. 18. x3850X5 Supported Internal ServRAID adapters ServRAID M1015 ServRAID M5015 Features and Functions Features and Functions • Two x4 internal SAS / SATA ports • Two x4 internal SAS / SATA ports • RAID Levels 0, 1, 10 • X8 PCI e Gen 2 host interface • LSI SAS2008 RAID on Chip (ROC) • RAID Levels 0, 1, 5, 10, 50 (6, 60 • Low-profile PCIe ½ Length card Optional) • X8 PCIe Gen 2 host interface • 800MHz 72-bit ECC DDR2 SDRAM Memory (512 MB) • LSI SAS2108 6Gb/s RAID on Chip • Low-profile PCIe ½ Length card • Encryption Services • Instant Secure Erase • Local Key Management Bertram: • MegaRAID Management Suite • MegaRAID Storage Manager optional for x3850 X5, std on x3690 • MegaCLI (command-line interface) • WebBIOS • Intelligent Battery Backup Unit Multiple RAID Adapters to meet Multiple Performance Requirements 1818 18
    19. 19. x3850 X5 – Hardware; Speeds and Feeds Processors Networking  4 Socket Intel Xeon 7500 series  Broadcom BCM5709C  (4) QPI Ports/Processor • Dual 1Gb connection  (4) SMI Ports/Processor • x4 PCIe Gen2 Connection  Emulex 10Gb dual port custom Memory • IBM Specific Adapter Option  (8) Memory Cards, 2 per CPU • Installs in PCIe Slot 7, x8 PCIe Gen2  (16) Intel Memory Buffers total • V-NIC Capable • SMI Connected  DDR3 DIMMs PCIe Slots  (64) Total DIMM Slots  Slot 1 PCIE Gen2 x16 Full Length  1066 MHz DDR3 speed  Slot 2 PCIE Gen2 x4 Full Length (x8 mech) • Processor QPI Speed Dependant  Slot 3 PCIE Gen2 x8 Full Length  2, 4, 8 and 16GB Support  Slot 4 PCIE Gen2 x8 Full Length • Installed In Matched Pairs  Slot 5 PCIE Gen2 x8 Half Length  Memory Sparing and Mirroring Support  Slot 6 PCIE Gen2 x8 Half Length • Installed in Matched Quads  Slot 7 PCIE Gen2 x8 Half Length (10GbE) All slots 5Gb/s, full height Chipset  (2) Intel Boxboro IOH (QPI-to-PCIe Bridge) • (36) PCIe Gen2 Lanes • (2) QPI Ports • (4) ESI Lanes To ICH10  Intel ICH10 Southbridge • (8) USB 2.0 Ports • 3Gb/s SATA DVD Connection 1919
    20. 20. x3850 X5 – Hardware; Speeds and Feeds Cont. 2.5” Storage IMM Up To (8) 2.5” HDD Bays  Common IMM Across Rack Portfolio • Support For SAS / SATA and SSD • x3550M2  SAS Drives • x3650M2 • 146GB / 10K / 6Gbps • x3750 X5 • 300GB / 10K / 6Gbps • x3850 X5 • 73GB / 15K / 6Gbps • x3950 X5 • 146GB / 15K / 6Gbps  300MHz, 32-bit MIPS Processor  SATA Drive  Matrox G200 Video Core • 500GB / 7200rpm  128MB Dedicated DDR2 Memory  SSD Drive  Avocent Based Digital Video Compression • 50GB  Dedicated 10/100Mb Ethernet  Configured with one or two 4-Drive backplanes  9-Pin Serial Port  128-bit AES Hardware Encryption Engine UEFI BIOS  IPMI v2.0  Next-generation replacement for BIOS-based firmware which provides Fan Speed Control a richer management experience  Serial Over LAN  Removes limit on number of adapter cards—important in virtualized  Active Energy Manager/xSEC environments  LightPath  Ability to remotely configure machines completely via command scripts with Advance Settings Utility 2020
    21. 21. System Population Guidelines Processors  Base Systems contain 2 CPU  8-socket QPI scaling is supported with 4+4 CPU, all matching Memory  Each CPU needs at least one memory card  Each memory card needs at least 2 DIMMs  DIMMs must be installed in matching pairs  Optimal memory performance requires 2 memory cards per CPU, with 4 DIMMs on each memory card, equal amounts of memory per card.  If memory mirrored, then DIMM’s must match in sets of 4  MAX5 memory expansion works best with DIMMs in sets of 4  MAX5 memory expansion works best with a ratio of 2/1 memory in host/expander Drives  Base systems contain backplane for 4 drives  Maximum of 8 SFF SAS drives I/O Adapters  Alternate adapter population between IOH chipset devices; alternate between slots (1-4) and (5-7) 21
    22. 22. Trademarks TrademarksThe following are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. For a complete list of IBM Trademarks, seewww.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml: AS/400, DBE, e-business logo, ESCO, eServer, FICON, IBM, IBM Logo, iSeries, MVS, OS/390, pSeries, RS/6000, S/30, VM/ESA, VSE/ESA, WebSphere, xSeries, z/OS,zSeries, z/VMThe following are trademarks or registered trademarks of other companiesLotus, Notes, and Domino are trademarks or registered trademarks of Lotus Development CorporationJava and all Java-related trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc., in the United States and other countriesLINUX is a registered trademark of Linux TorvaldsUNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.Microsoft, Windows and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.SET and Secure Electronic Transaction are trademarks owned by SET Secure Electronic Transaction LLC.Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation* All other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.NOTES:Performance is in Internal Throughput Rate (ITR) ratio based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput that any user willexperience will vary depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the users job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed.Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput improvements equivalent to the performance ratios stated here.IBM hardware products are manufactured from new parts, or new and serviceable used parts. Regardless, our warranty terms apply.All customer examples cited or described in this presentation are presented as illustrations of the manner in which some customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actualenvironmental costs and performance characteristics will vary depending on individual customer configurations and conditions.This publication was produced in the United States. IBM may not offer the products, services or features discussed in this document in other countries, and the information may be subject to changewithout notice. Consult your local IBM business contact for information on the product or services available in your area.All statements regarding IBMs future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.Information about non-IBM products is obtained from the manufacturers of those products or their published announcements. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the performance,compatibility, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products.Prices subject to change without notice. Contact your IBM representative or Business Partner for the most current pricing in your geography.References in this document to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in every country.Any proposed use of claims in this presentation outside of the United States must be reviewed by local IBM country counsel prior to such use.The information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication.IBM may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice.Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are notpart of the materials for this IBM product and use of those Web sites is at your own risk. 2222

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