DANMARK 5,5 mioindbyggere                  KALUNDBORG                               COPENHAGEN                            ...
1. Fact sheet for Kalundborg1.   49.743 inhabitants, 603,7 km22.   Industry and port leverage levelling a medium sized Eur...
Al Gore in Copenhagen 17 December 2009:                                          "Currently pollution has                 ...
…waste, water and energyMunicipalities, cities and industry can and should make a difference bothwithin and exterior to th...
RENOVATE THE PAST OR INVEST IN THE FUTUREFailure to comply with resource efficiency, integratedplanning and an optimate us...
-But excessive resource consumption has a value,We must include this value in our valorisation of theoverall production co...
“Industrial Symbiosis… should be standard procedure by 2020”            Environment Commissioner Potocnic            Green...
Industrial Symbiosis conceived in Kalundborg                             4 R’s                            Energy          ...
Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis conceived in Kalundborg- a Pioneer at a glance since 1972 driven by profitA resource and e...
http://www.symbiosis.dk/en/video
ISK 1972 – 2012    40Cronology of Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis              – a growth model
Water Projects - Mapping of water flows between Symbiosis industries                                                      ...
KALUNDBORG INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS SYSTEM 2012                                                                               ...
Chinas top legislature passed a law to promote circular economy on Friday at the closingof the fourth session of the Stand...
Danish Climate Commission 28 September 2010:  The answer is ”through wind and biomass”
BUT WHERE IS THEGROWTH TO FINANCE      THIS?
Water scarcity – friend or foe?Globally water is a scarce ressource, also in Kalundborg.Projections foresee increased cost...
Can we afford all this?            E NEED  A G AM E          W             E NEED         CHA NGER – W      IO SI S!      ...
IS 2.0
There is a clear nexus between water and energyand we need to save both resources:•   Water needs energy in all the steps ...
Water and Energy nexus are also low-hanging fruits:A -Heat recovery where heat from cooling using a heat exchanger can   o...
Energy needs water for energy production (powerand renewables)•   In industries optimisation of the water cycle tends to i...
Source: Regeringen, ”Vores Energi”, nov. 20112010 DK 22% wind power consumption2020 DK 52% wind power by adding 2100 MW in...
Knowing how wind intermittancy affects us today– and how about tomorrow?df                 Source: EnergiNet.dk• df
Smart City Kalundborg alsorevolves around shiftingindustry power loads within the IS -Manufacturing processes canassist lo...
- align spikes in power grid by use of (bio)gas or CH4
EIP Water – site – Kalundborg Symbiosis - Pivotal is cost cutting through resourceefficiency  sustained manufacturing in ...
Green Week 24-27 May 2011, Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis          Environment Commissioner Potocnic &          Climate C...
Thank you for your attention!Martin Andersenandersen@kalundborg.dkwww.symbiosis.dk
Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference
Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference
Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference
Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference
Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference
Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference
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Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference

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Kalundborg Symbiosis at IWCAIS conference

  1. 1. DANMARK 5,5 mioindbyggere KALUNDBORG COPENHAGEN 1
  2. 2. 1. Fact sheet for Kalundborg1. 49.743 inhabitants, 603,7 km22. Industry and port leverage levelling a medium sized European city3. Leading on biomass conversion/biorefinery (Inbicon.dk; Pyroneer.dk)4. Leading on industrial collaboration since 1972 (www.symbiosis.dk)5. Leading on Smart City Initiatives6. Denmark’s largest CO2 emitter (ETS) 10% in 2011
  3. 3. Al Gore in Copenhagen 17 December 2009: "Currently pollution has zero value, we must put a price on our pollution i.e. put a price on carbon!" Photo: Luc Hardy©
  4. 4. …waste, water and energyMunicipalities, cities and industry can and should make a difference bothwithin and exterior to the ETS:Too much energy and too many resources are wasted.We need to adopt the waste hierarchy fully and spur the inherent successthat is entailed within a proper use of the many resources that we do notutilitise at its utmost today, that be either waste, power, heat, water or otherresidues. 4
  5. 5. RENOVATE THE PAST OR INVEST IN THE FUTUREFailure to comply with resource efficiency, integratedplanning and an optimate use of residues will either leadto a sustained or even increased investment in extracapacity and expansion of utility facilities (wwt;combustion; CHP, even roads for transportation) basedon ’old’ technologies that will tie our hands even further,rather than solving the climate and resource challengeswith future oriented solutions
  6. 6. -But excessive resource consumption has a value,We must include this value in our valorisation of theoverall production costsThe cheapest cost-cutting is not to lay people off but toavert consuming resources that are expendable therebyincreasing competitiveness and net profits.Introducing industrial symbiosis is also a means to a viablereduction of uptakes of virgin materials thereby improvingour resource foot-print
  7. 7. “Industrial Symbiosis… should be standard procedure by 2020” Environment Commissioner Potocnic Green Week 27 May 2011, Photo Patrick Mascart 7
  8. 8. Industrial Symbiosis conceived in Kalundborg 4 R’s Energy Waste Water
  9. 9. Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis conceived in Kalundborg- a Pioneer at a glance since 1972 driven by profitA resource and environmental collaboration network consisting of 32major bi- or trilateral commercial agreements (projects) composedinitially by 8 founding partnersThree categories of projects: Exchange of energy: 9 Projects Recycling of waste products: 11 Projects Recycling of water: 12 ProjectsSome of the annual results of the Symbiosis in Kalundborg are:  272.000 tons CO2 emissions down since 1982  3 mio m3 water saved through reuse and recycling  150.000 tons NovoGro replaces traditional fertilizers  150.000 tons yeast slurry replaced 1989-2011 traditional soy protein in feed - now feedstock for biogas  150.000 tons gypsom replaces imported nature gypsum (CaSO4) reduced to 110.000 tons (reduced in line with decarbonisation)  4 mio m3 ground water substituted by surface water -> changes in regulatory framework (incl. higher carbon tax) could increase figures adding the nexus between water and energy
  10. 10. http://www.symbiosis.dk/en/video
  11. 11. ISK 1972 – 2012 40Cronology of Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis – a growth model
  12. 12. Water Projects - Mapping of water flows between Symbiosis industries Gyproc 7 4462 Gyproc RGS 90 Lake Kalundborg Waste water 40 Utilties 59 Tissø treatment plant 24 886 1710 512 1349 2705 ? 1464 Water from inluent 12 2,6 178 408 Novo Nordisk Statoil 622 DONG Energy ? ASV Novozymes 413 ? 272 ? 59 Major vats 247 for reuse All figures are from 2010, (1000 m3) 1672 Kalundborg Influent water from Statoils own pump station Fjord Tissø water Cooling water Treated Tissø water Drainage water Additional water (Spædevand) district heating Steam Technical water Sea water Waste water Potable water Dionat Waste water Intern Bio-treatment
  13. 13. KALUNDBORG INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS SYSTEM 2012 19 Sludge Waste water Farms The Municipality 1998 Lake treatment RGS 90 Tissø 1 Surface water 1961 of Kalundborg 27 Straw 2009 Purifica- 3 7 17 Waste water 1995 tion 24 Surface Heat of water Alko- Inbicon 26 Steam water 1981 22 holic 2009 1973 Water Residue 25 Sea water 2007 10 Surface water 1987 2004 2006 31 30 Bioethanol 9 Steam 1982 29 Condensate Lignin 2009 Novozymes 2010 11 Cooling DONG Energy Statoil 32 water 1987 Asnæs Pyroneer Refinery 32 Gasifier 2011C5/C6 15 Gas 1992 Power Station Novo Nordisksugars 14 Tech.water 1991 8 Steam 19822010 13 Sulphur 1990 Fertilizer 2001 Re-use 6 Heat 1980/89 Fish farm 12 4 basin 20 Fertilizer 18 Drain water 1995 5 Yeast Biomass/ Fly industry 2 21 Deionized water 2002 Fly ash slurry NovoGro Ash Gas 1979 1989-2011 1976 1999 1972 16 Gypsum 1993 Gyproc Recovery of nickel Cement Pig farms Farms and vanadium industry 23 Waste gypsum The Symbiosis Institute Kara/Noveren 1996
  14. 14. Chinas top legislature passed a law to promote circular economy on Friday at the closingof the fourth session of the Standing Committee of the 11th National Peoples Congress(NPC).The draft law was ratified after its third reading, and President Hu Jintao signed it into law.It will come into force on January 1, 2009. The aim of the law is to boost sustainabledevelopment through energy saving and reduction of pollutant discharges.Government departments will map out a system for recycling and improve energy-savingand waster utilization standards. China Daily 2008
  15. 15. Danish Climate Commission 28 September 2010: The answer is ”through wind and biomass”
  16. 16. BUT WHERE IS THEGROWTH TO FINANCE THIS?
  17. 17. Water scarcity – friend or foe?Globally water is a scarce ressource, also in Kalundborg.Projections foresee increased costs. Currently the consumptionof ground water in Western Zealand is estimated to exceed theavailable capacity by more than 35% ref. Nature Agency. Water scarcitycould jeopardize future industrial growth but it could also spurresource efficiency and growth
  18. 18. Can we afford all this? E NEED A G AM E W E NEED CHA NGER – W IO SI S! A L S Y MB I NDUSTRI
  19. 19. IS 2.0
  20. 20. There is a clear nexus between water and energyand we need to save both resources:• Water needs energy in all the steps along the water value chain: pumping water for supply and sanitation; delivery of irrigation water, for food- and bio energy production, etc.• The energy requirements to produce water is significant 586 kWh electricity to treat 1 mio liters of water. As water is becoming more scarce it is foreseen that water will be transported over longer distances (ref. WssTP 2011)• Clash between EU Directives: Conservative estimates predict electricity increases of 60-100% over 15 years in order to meet new EU Directive requirements, which conflicts with energy- and CO2 reduction targets. Alone in the UK energy consumption in the water sector has doubled since 1990 as a result of the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive and Drinking Water Directive due to the required additional treatment. Further increases are likely to result in ”pollution displacement” from water bodies to the atmosphere (ref. WssTP2011)
  21. 21. Water and Energy nexus are also low-hanging fruits:A -Heat recovery where heat from cooling using a heat exchanger can offer significant energy savings with a return on investments for industries down to a few months. Heat generated at industrial sites e.g. from cooling can also be exchanged and used off-site such as district heating as in KalundborgB Anaerobic biogas (CH4) production from industrial waste water is well suited for industries discharging highly concentrated waste waters (1,500 mg COD/l) (5MW gasifier) e.g. Novozymes 5MWC Kalundborg is partner in PPP Flagship project ”E4WAter” where the partner Dow Chemical’s site in NL re-uses daily 10 mio liters of municipal household waste water as feed water for several plants. The water is treated and used as feed water for cooling towers thereby reducing waste water reduction by 38%, energy use by 60% and CO2 emissions saved 5,000 tons/year Source: WssTP Water and Energy, September 2011, p. 38D Return on investments – pay back time is often rather short however many industries tend to overlook the potential synergies embedded in the coherent interdependent water-energy nexus. Seen from a sector perspective water improvements have up to five times longer pay back time than energy due to the cost of kWh saved is higher than costs on each m3 water saved. However if the nexus is taken into account there are major saving potentials in both sectors to be made by introducing water reductions and recycling
  22. 22. Energy needs water for energy production (powerand renewables)• In industries optimisation of the water cycle tends to imply energy reduction when reusing water with low or high temperatures.• Expected increases in energy prices impact water supply systems and will foster industries shifting towards energy efficiency and energy recovery, and IS is a helping hand• It all requires for a shift in the way of thinking across society and industry. We need innovations and changing of our mindsets to deviate from ”business as usual” by: • Integrating water and energy systems in our planning • Assess environmental footprints together with economical performances (”ESCOs on water” business plans) • Systematically detect energy efficiency measures including leackage reduction • Exploit untapped energy potential in water systems included embedded energy through resource recovery • Recover other substances and materials in waste water such as polymeers for down-stream biorefineries
  23. 23. Source: Regeringen, ”Vores Energi”, nov. 20112010 DK 22% wind power consumption2020 DK 52% wind power by adding 2100 MW incl. scrapped capacity
  24. 24. Knowing how wind intermittancy affects us today– and how about tomorrow?df Source: EnergiNet.dk• df
  25. 25. Smart City Kalundborg alsorevolves around shiftingindustry power loads within the IS -Manufacturing processes canassist load shifting in aSymbiotic Energy Systembringing down e.g. wastewater treatment costs andavert additional CapEx Shifting energy loads within Industrial processes, which are not 24/7 are potential for DER e.g. • 9 mio m3 water • 3 mio m3 is recycled • 7 MW ozon facility never 24/7
  26. 26. - align spikes in power grid by use of (bio)gas or CH4
  27. 27. EIP Water – site – Kalundborg Symbiosis - Pivotal is cost cutting through resourceefficiency  sustained manufacturing in EU – 5 key challenges with the nexus: A. Legal barriers as empediments to increased reduction of quantity 1. Water Services by official utilities require partnerships (financial models) • Water leackages detected • Water saving remedies and advisory services 2. Industries as ’local utilities’ supplying: • water (treated above minimum threshold for recycling for diverse purposes); • heated water/steam/ww (district heating, production steam replacing fossil) • energy for power and heat (wwt->CH4) 3. Energy efficiency to the benefit of whom? • Capacity in metric volumes reduced • Empediment to growth of new and existing industries • Changes in modalities/methods of WWT due to RES where CH4 is requested an alternative to active sludge apply algae to lower COD – new biosolutions • Increase focus on scarce resources vs virgin materials (e.g. phosphorus) 4. Energy and water management: Smart Grid deployment within utilities • Water pumping e.g. 250 pumping stations and smart pumps • Waste water treatment incl. ozonuous – time of delay for grid balancing 5. Industries strive to lower water consumption/reuse even further
  28. 28. Green Week 24-27 May 2011, Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis Environment Commissioner Potocnic & Climate Commissioner Hedegaard Photo Patrick Mascart 34
  29. 29. Thank you for your attention!Martin Andersenandersen@kalundborg.dkwww.symbiosis.dk

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