What are prefixes?A prefix is a group of letters we add at the beginning of a word.• Prefixes change the meaning or purpose of the word, e.g. How has the word meaning been altered?• un + kind = unkind The word has become its opposite meaning (antonym)
The prefix ‘un’• Jerry seemed unhappy that the cat was by his hole.How has the word meaning been altered? The word has become its opposite meaning (antonym)
Let’s change the meaning to not or the opposite fold unfold tie untie do undoreal unreal
The prefix ‘dis’• Sally How has the word meaning been altered with this prefix? disagreed agree-----disagree with Tom over who threw the snowball. Again the word has become an antonym (opposite) of the root word.
Let’s change the words to their opposites connect disconnect approve disapproverespect disrespect honest dishonest
Prefix ‘im-’Debby wasimpolite withher momsticking hertoungue out.The word means not or the opposite.
Let’s change the words to their oppositespossible impossiblemortal immortalmature immatureproper improper
The prefix ‘re-’Danny had to refillthe bucket.The prefix re-means to dosomething again
Let’s change these words so they mean to do something again appear reappear build rebuild consider reconsider join rejoin
What are suffixes?• Suffixes are a group of letters that are added at the end of the words.• Suffixes change the meaning or purpose of the word.• Example: Care + ful = careful It means full of care.
Suffixes: -ful / -ous / -or /-er• Success + -ful = successful (full of success)• Courage + -ous = courageous (full of or having courage)• Sail + -or= sailor (the one who does the action = sails)• Paint + -er = painter (who one who does the action= paints)
Let’s practiceColor + -ful = colorful (Full of color)nerve + -ous = nervous (Full of nerves)direct + -or = director Person who directswrite + -er = writer Person who writes