Where to start with application development for your startup
Where to start with
application development for
by Desmond Walford
An introduction to Laravel
1 About this presentation
2 Advantages of using a framework
3 What to look for in a framework
4 Why a robust framework is important
5 What is Laravel
6 Reasons to choose Laravel
7 Examples of Laravel projects
8 Get in touch with Cyber-Duck
About this presentation
Who is this presentation for?
This presentation is aimed at entrepreneurs, founders, CEOs and organisations that
are looking to develop robust systems, applications and next generation software
as a service (SaaS).
What do startups or enterprises have in common when they look to develop a
next level application?
They need a backend engine (or framework) to support existing and future
requirements and business logic so they can develop robust, secure, scalable web
and mobile products and services that work anywhere.
Advantages of using a framework
1. A predeﬁned structure to your application helps to be more organised:
• Arranges your application code in an organised manner
• Handles conﬁguration of all common functions such as email settings
• Organises assets by default (Images, CSS, JS, etc.)
2. Decisions are already made for you:
• The coding style is pre-deﬁned giving multiple developers consistency
• Autoloading is built-in
• Frameworks include inversion of control / dependency injection
3. Common tasks are already completed:
• Database connections are preconﬁgured
• Routing for clean URLs from the outset
• Templating helps to reduce future support work and optimise the application
• Session Management to handle user sessions
• Testing strategy to help automate QA
4. There is a lot more and this will depend on the framework!
What to look for in a framework
1. Open source - Most PHP frameworks are open source and this allows you to
view the underlying code yourself (and contribute to it)
2. Actively developed - A lot of projects are started then abandoned or only
worked on in spare time, good projects will have several contributors working
on the framework regularly
3. Strong community - An open source project lives or dies by it’s community, this
applies to frameworks as much as any other project. You can gauge the
community by looking at forums, Stack Overﬂow, GitHub, IRC, etc.
4. Feature set - Does the framework provide the bare minimum or is it very feature
rich. Do the features tie you in to a speciﬁc way of doing things or can they be
5. Logical code structure / style - To use a framework eﬃciently you need to be
able to understand the inner workings. If the way it has been developed
required a steep learning curve it will restrict how quickly you can have new
developers working on projects eﬃciently. Does the framework require one
coding style when your developers prefer another?
What to look for in a framework
6. Extensible - On any large project you will have some requirements that are
unique and would have no place in a framework’s feature set, does the
framework you have chosen make it easy to add this functionality? Do they have
a way of installing user created extensions to carry out tasks that are common
but, not in the core?
7. Tested / Testable - Does the framework have a good test suite? Is there
support for writing tests for your own code?
8. Secure - Has this framework been used by large projects that require security
testing? Have they ever released a security patch, what mechanism do they use?
Why a robust framework is important
Below are 6 key reasons why a robust framework is critical to system and
application development success:
1. Gets a project oﬀ the ground quickly - Important decisions are already made
with well tested solutions
2. Removes repetition - Common tasks have already been done
3. Creates familiarity across projects - In large teams you can do more from
project to project knowing what to expect from the framework
4. Scalability - By using a robust and versatile framework, you can scale your
application and system easily and reduce maintainability
5. Security - Proven frameworks will include security management built in.
6. Community support - Frameworks that are mature will include plugins and add-
ons to build upon saving time and money
What is Laravel?
Voted the best PHP framework in 2015 by Sitepoint, Laravel is
taking the PHP community by storm. It is a high quality
framework with many of resources out of the box including an
eloquent for model repositories, swiftmailer for the mailing,
blade engine for templates, a system to create your
migrations, a cache component to cache everything you
want, a monolog logger, and much more.
Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web application
framework, intended for the development of web
applications following the model–view–controller (MVC)
Reasons to choose Laravel
1. It is open source and actively developed by a large community:
• Almost 300 contributes on GitHub
• Five major version releases since 2011
• Provides a Long Term Support (LTS) version
• Laravel tag on Stackoverﬂow has 3.1k followers and 24k questions
• Very active conversations on IRC and Slack
2. Standards compliant:
Follows the PHP Framework Interoperability Group’s (FIG) recommended standards
known as PHP Standards Recommendations (PSR)
3. Easy to start with but extremely powerful and scalable:
Low barrier to entry with advanced features available for experienced developers:
• Start oﬀ using the Façade Pattern to easily access all the features of the framework
• Option to use Inversion of Control (IoC) container and other advanced patterns
Reasons to choose Laravel
6. Huge feature set out of the box including:
• Database connectivitiy
• Object Relational Mapper (ORM) called Eloquent
• Sessions, Authentication, Caching, Blade template engine, Routing, etc.
• Easily replace features, for example we sometimes use Doctrine ORM instead
7. Full test suite for each framework module
8. Support PHPUnit out of the box:
Easy to substitute for Codeception, PHPSpec, etc.
9. Extensible using Composer package manager
Released security patches in the past and widely used enough that security
researchers have taken an interest and tested it.
Examples of Laravel projects
Trusted by top brands
Some of the worlds top brands use Laravel as the ‘engine’ of choice within mission
critical applications and web portals:
We’re the Laravel experts, get in touch
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