Learning objectives:At the end of this lecture each student shouldbe able to:1- Define the injection2-List ten rights of medication administrations.3-Identify the components of medical order.4-Mention the different types of injections.5- Enumerate steps of injection’s procedure.
Definition of the injection:Injection involve forcing a liquid into thebody via a syringe.
Ten Rights of Medication Administrations1. Right medication2. Right dose3. Right time4. Right route5. Right client6. Right client education7. Right documentation8. Right to refuse9. Right assessment10. Right evaluation
COMPONENTS of A MEDICATIONORDER• Client’s name• Date and time the order is written• Drug name• Dose to be administered• Route of administration• Frequency of administration• Signature of the person ordering the drug
General steps for all differenttype of injection• Apply medication rights• Explain the procedure to the patient• Keep privacy.• Hand washing.• Prepare necessary equipments &injection.• Drape the patient, only expose wantedarea .• Put p.t in suitable and comfort position.
• Wear gloves.• Locate site by identify anatomical landmark.• Clean skin in circular motion outward &hold swab between fingers of nondominant hand.• Pull cap of needle without cause fingerinjury.• Hold syringe with dominant hand, withbevel point upward .
• Inject needle at suitable degree for I.M, I.D, S.Cor I.V• Administer medication slowly• Wait 10 sec then withdraw needle• Assists patient to comfort position• Remove disposable gloves & wash hands• Return to evaluate pt response in 10 to 30Minutes• Recording & reporting