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Sentence Classification

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Sentence Classification

  1. 1. HA PHUONG THAO DIU - CNA A K14 Group 2 Vu Thi Ngoc Anh Khong Thi Thu Ha Phuong Thao Diu Doan Phuong Thao HaPhuongThaoDiu –CNAAK14
  2. 2. STATEMENTS 02• Definition • Types SENTENCE CLASSIFICATION01• In terms of the structure • In terms of communicative functions HaPhuongThaoDiu –CNAAK14
  3. 3. I. SENTENCE CLASSIFICATION 1. In term of structure Sentences can be divided into four classes from structural point of view as: a, Simple Sentence b, Compound Sentence c, Complex Sentence d, Compound-Complex Sentences VU THI NGOC ANH - CNA A K14
  4. 4. a, Simple Sentence Pattern : IC (independent clause) a subject and verb expresses a complete thought Example: Being an student with a penchant for syntactical complexity, I love to read simple sentences upon getting up and before going to bed. Lucia tended her garden every day. Her tomatoes didn’t grow well. VU THI NGOC ANH - CNA A K14
  5. 5. b, Compound sentence  Partern: 2 IC Joined by a coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) or semicolon. "FAN BOYS“ Coordinating conjunctions are always preceded by a comma. Lucia tended her garden every day, but her tomatoes didn’t grow well. Lucia tended her garden every day. Her tomatoes didn’t grow well. VU THI NGOC ANH - CNA A K14
  6. 6. c, Complex sentence  Pattern: IC+ at least 1DC (dependent clause/subordinating conjunction) • a subordinate conjunctions (although, while, because,where…) • a relative pronouns ( who, which, whose, that…)…  2 different ways: Lucia’s tomatoes did not grow well because she has the wrong type of soil. *DC,IC (IC come first  no comma) Because Lucia has the wrong type of soil, her tomatoes did not grow well. (Begins with subordinator  comma after DC) DC *IC DC VU THI NGOC ANH - CNA A K14
  7. 7. d, Compound-complex sentences At least 2IC + at least 1DC (A c-c has elements of both a compound sentence and complex sentence) Example: 1. Lucia tended her garden every day, but her tomatoes did not grow well. 2. Lucia’s tomatoes did not grow well, because she has the wrong type of soil.  Lucia tended her garden every day, but her tomatoes did not grow well because she has the wrong type of soil. Compound sentence Complex sentenceCompound-Complex sentence - Lucia tended her garden every day, but because she has the wrong type of soil, her tomatoes did not grow well. - Athought Lucia tended her garden every day, her tomatoes did not grow well, for she has the wrong type of soil. VU THI NGOC ANH - CNA A K14
  8. 8. a, Statements. b, Questions? c, Commands. d, Exclamatorys! 4 Types 2. In terms of communicative functions KHONG THI THU - CNA A K14
  9. 9. a, Statements These are the most common type of sentences. They usually provide information about a topic or a person. End mark : Period I can play violin. The boy dosen’t study English. KHONG THI THU - CNA A K14
  10. 10. 1.Yes/No question: Example: - Can you help me? - Have you done your homework? 2. Alternative question Example: - Do you want tea, coffee or juice? - Shall I call her or send an e-mail? 3. Wh- question Example : - How did you do that? - Where did you go? 4. Tag questions Example : - Lina plays the piano, doesn’t she? - You’re lying to me, aren’t you? b, Questions These are used to ask questions to find out something. It always has a question mark at the end. KHONG THI THU - CNA A K14
  11. 11. * These are used to give a command, make a request and In general, it tell someone what to do. * End mark: a period Example - Look at how the dolphins jump out of the water. - Call your Aunt Sandy in New York. + Command somebody to do st. + Use command words. + End in a period. KHONG THI THU - CNA A K14
  12. 12. d, Exclamatorys ** An exclamation sentence shows sudden and strong feelling such as: surprise, pity, wonder, sympathy, happiness,.. ** It ends with an exclamation mark (!) Example: - You look so beautiful! - What a silly man! Really?? You look so beautiful ! KHONG THI THU - CNA A K14
  13. 13. Paulie gave Lucci a gift for his birthday. What did Paulie do last night? Close the door, please. What a beautiful day. Paulie didn’t sleep last night. ♥ There is some food in the refrigerator. II. STATEMENTS HaPhuongThaoDiu –CNAAK14
  14. 14. Paulie gave Lucci a gift for his birthday. Paulie didn’t sleep last night. There is some food in the refrigerator. Are sentences in which the subject is present and generally precedes the verb. Statements (declarative sentences) (Subject before verb) Sometimes, subject can be ellipted Wonder what they’re doing.. Doesn’t matter. Good to see you. (I) (It’s) (It) 1. Definition HaPhuongThaoDiu –CNAAK14
  15. 15. Paulie gave Lucci a gift for his birthday. Paulie didn’t gave Lucci a gift for his birthday.Positive Types of statements 2. Types Paulie never gave Lucci a gift for his birthday. HaPhuongThaoDiu –CNAAK14 negative
  16. 16. etc... Barely ♦Note RarelySeldom Scarcely • He seldom attends school late. • I barely get any sleep. HaPhuongThaoDiu –CNAAK14
  17. 17. Doan Thi Phuong Thao CNAAK14 CONCLUSION 1. Interm of structure - Simple sentence - Complex sentence - Compound sentence - Compound- complex sentences 2. Interm of functions - Statements - Questions - Commands - Exclamatorys
  18. 18. 1. Normal structure: S+ V (sometimes ellipted S) 2. Types: - Positive - Negative ( seldom, rarely,... can be used with assertive meaning)
  19. 19. Doan Thi Phuong Thao CNAAkK14
  20. 20. Doan Thi Phuong Thao CNAAK14 Exercise 1: Determine type of following sentences (according to structure of the sentences) 1. To build a doll's house you need wood, a hammer, a saw, and lots of nails. > Simple 2. He got up, walked over to the window, and jumped out. > Simple 3. I didn't know what time it was so I was very late to class. > Compound - complex 4. Although it was cold and the rain was getting heavier, we decided to go fishing as planned. > Compound - complex
  21. 21. Doan Thi Phuong Thao CNAAK14 5. The new girl in our ESL class has a brother in grade 7 and a sister in grade 9. > Simple 6. The recent downturn in the telecommunications industry caused tens of thousands of programmers to lose their jobs for good and forced thousands more to move across the country. > Simple 7. Neither programmers nor managers would take the blame for their failing Internet start-ups. > Simple 8. Some programmers of graphic design software know how to use their software to create pictures, fliers, and Web pages; oddly enough, despite strong technical backgrounds, many others do not. > Compound
  22. 22. Doan Thi Phuong Thao CNAAK14 Exersise 2: Make sentences relating to this picture
  23. 23. Doan Thi Phuong Thao CNAAK14

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