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Dual representation theory

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Mervin Smucker: Presentation on Dual representation therapy

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Dual representation theory

  1. 1. Smucker, Mervin (2012). The role of dual representation theory in trauma-related memories 1
  2. 2. Dual Representation Theory (Brewin) Two types of trauma-related memories • Situational accessible memories – visual intrusions – flashbacks – nightmares • Verbally accessible memories
  3. 3. Situationally Accessible Memories (SAMS) • Involuntary recall • Non-verbal (visual - auditory - sensory) • Information retrieved is accompanied by strong emotional response and bodily sensations • Perceived ongoing, here-and-now threat • Stuck in time (perceptions, cognitions/emotions remain as they were at the time of trauma) • Not processed linguistically
  4. 4. Verbally Accessible Memories (VAMS) • Voluntary recall • Verbal - Narrative • Integrated in the present and with perspective of the past (e.g., “It is a bad memory”) • No perceived here-and-now threat • Updated information re trauma-related material (e.g. “I survived,” “I did not die”) • Processed linguistically
  5. 5. Goals of Trauma-Processing (according to DRT) • Eliminate intrusive memories (flashbacks) • Re-encode SAM material as VAM memories which now have spatial and temporal context and place danger in the past • Trauma memories no longer perceived as here-and-now threat
  6. 6. Goals of Trauma-Processing (according to DRT) • Eliminate intrusive memories (flashbacks) • Re-encode SAM material as VAM memories which now have spatial and temporal context and place danger in the past • Trauma memories no longer perceived as here-and-now threat

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