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The ITER Project

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Bernard Bigot, Director General opens the Fusing the Project World conference at the ITER Project on 4 September

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The ITER Project

  1. 1. Page 1/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Welcome to
  2. 2. Page 2/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 A unique international collaboration to demonstrate the feasibility of fusion energy ITER
  3. 3. Page 3/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Fusion in the Universe • In a fusion reaction, two light hydrogen nuclei combine, form a heavier helium nucleus and release a huge amount of energy. • Fusion powers the Sun and stars since billions of years. • Magnetic fusion aims at reproducing a similar reaction on Earth. E=mc2 A tiny loss of mass A huge liberation of energy
  4. 4. Page 4/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Fusion on Earth • Deuterium + Tritium (DT) plasma are heated to more than 150 million °C • Hot plasma is kept away from walls by strong magnetic fields. • Helium nuclei produced allows a sustain burning plasma. • Neutrons transfer their energy to the Blanket . • In a fusion power plant, conventional steam generator, turbine and alternator will transform the heat into electricity. 1 gram of fusion fuels = 8 tons of oil Q ≥ 10
  5. 5. Page 5/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 The ITER challenge The ITER site in July 2015 To demonstrate the capacity of fusion technology to tap nearly unlimited natural resources for producing economically competitive, safe, climate-friendly and environmentally benign power at a large industrial scale
  6. 6. Page 6/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 The seven ITER Members represent more than 50% of the world’s population and about 80% of the global GDP China EU India Japan Korea Russia USA 28 June 2005: The ITER Members unanimously agreed to build ITER on the site proposed by Europe 21 November 2006: The ITER Agreement was signed at the Élysée Palace in Paris. Global challenge, global response
  7. 7. Page 7/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 ITER Project The ITER Project: ITER Organization & Seven ITER Members • The 7 ITER Members make in-cash and in-kind contributions to the ITER Project. They have established Domestic Agencies • The ITER Organization manages the ITER Project in close collaboration with the 7 Domestic Agencies • The ITER Members share the intellectual Property
  8. 8. Page 8/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 ITER is being built through the in-kind contributions of the seven Members of the ITER Organization A unique formula China, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the United States have responsibility for ~ 9% of procurement packages. Europe’s share, as Host Member, is ~ 45% (construction and manufacturing).
  9. 9. Page 9/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Central solenoid Toroidal field coils (18) Cryostat Blanket modules Thermal shield Correction coils (18) Internal coils Poloidal field coils (6) Vacuum vessel Divertor Procurement distribution Cooling water system
  10. 10. Page 10/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 A large public investment for an exceptionally large industrial cooperation $7.7 billion is currently engaged in construction and manufacturing contracts for ITER worldwide ITER
  11. 11. Page 11/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 A large diversity of professional experience The ITER Organization has a total of 636 staff members; in addition, some 450 contractors, experts and consultants directly work for the ITER Organization in Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France. Adding staff of the Domestic Agencies, ~ 2,000 people are involved in ITER worldwide. 2000 staff, 35 nations, 40 languages… As of July 2015
  12. 12. Page 12/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Madia Report 2013 Recommendation 1: Create a project culture Recommendation 5: Strengthen systems engineering Recommendation 8: Align IO and DA interests
  13. 13. Page 13/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Action plan 2015 proposed by Bernard Bigot, NDG Extraordinary ITER Council Paris - March 5, 2015 Setting ITER on the right course for success
  14. 14. Page 14/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 An action plan in 7 points 1. The DG is given full authority to take all technical decisions for the best interest of the project. 2. A overall simplified Project-oriented organization characterized by a profound integration of the DAs and the CT for all decisions on technical matters of the Project; 3. An Executive Project Board (EPB) empowered to take the needed decisions in due time for an effective global project management; 4. A cost effective “Reserve Fund” under DG control to cover specific operations for the best interest of the project decided by the EPB; 5. Tight coordination of the activities of CT and DA staff jointly in charge of specific tasks through the creation of Project Teams; 6. Implementation within the entire organization (CT+DAs) of powerful coordinated tools for establishing a nuclear project culture fulfilling the best world standards; 7. New staff regulations for an improved efficiency and cost effectiveness.
  15. 15. Page 15/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Overall organization of the ITER Project National labs & Industry linked with IO-CT, IO-DAs, PTs and via ITPAs IO Central Team National institutions 7 IO-DAs Institutions of Parties ITER Council HoD Executive Project Board DG, DA Heads, DDGs DG COO/DDG1 RCO/DDG2 Suppliers Tasks ITER France Agency STAC & MAC TBM-PC Quality Assurance & Assessment Quality Assurance & Assessment Project Teams IO DAs + IO CT 0/04/2015
  16. 16. Page 16/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Safety Construction Science & Operations Plant Engineering IO Executive Project Board DG, DDGs, DA Heads IO-CT+ IO- DA’s PTs/Soft Coordinatiom Integrated Teams DG COO/DDG1 RCO/DDG2 Quality Assurance & Assessment Central Integration Office CT + DA Tokamak Engineering Project Control Office CT + DA China DA India DAEU DA Japan DA Korea DA US DARussia DA Overall organization of the ITER Project (detail)
  17. 17. Page 17/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 PF Coils Building ITER HQ Subcontractors Area Tokamak Complex (Under construction) Assembly Hall (Under construction) 400 kV switchyard Cryostat Workshop HQ Extension Storage Area 2 Storage Area 3 Storage Area 1 Batching Plant Worksite progress Under Installation Transformers Preparatory works Cryogenics Building Preparatory works Cooling Water Building Preparatory works Control Building Preparatory works RF Heating Building August 2015
  18. 18. Page 18/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Four US-procured 400 kV transformers have been positioned on the ITER platform. They are the first ITER plant components to be installed on site. First components installed
  19. 19. Page 19/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Tokamak Complex Resting on 493 anti-seismic bearings, the 1.5-metre-thick Tokamak Complex basemat will support 400,000 metric tons of buildings, equipment and machinery. This « B2 slab » was finalized on 27 August 2014; wall construction is underway.
  20. 20. Page 20/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Poloidal Field Coils facility Too large to be transported by road, four of ITER’s six ring-shaped magnets (the poloidal field coils) will be assembled by Europe in this 12,000 m² facility. “White rooms” are currently being equipped prior to the start of manufacturing operations.
  21. 21. Page 21/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Assembly Hall Components will be pre-assembled in this 60-metre high building prior to their integration into the machine. Lifting operations for the 800-ton roof are scheduled to begin on 7 Sept.
  22. 22. Page 22/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Cryostat Workshop The Indian Domestic Agency has erected the Cryostat Workshop for assembly activities on the 30 x 30 metre cryostat, or giant “thermos”, that will completely enclose the ITER Tokamak. India will deliver the first cryostat elements in November 2015.
  23. 23. Page 23/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Worksite progress
  24. 24. Page 24/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Manufacturing progress Europe Europe is responsible for delivering remote handling systems for the divertor, the neutral beam system, in-vessel viewing and metrology, and the cask transfer system for activated components—in all, about EUR 250 million of investment. At the Divertor Test Platform facility hosted by the VTT Technical Research Centre in Finland, the final demonstration of the divertor cassette remote handling system was carried out in February 2015.
  25. 25. Page 25/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Manufacturing progress India India is responsible for the fabrication and the assembly of the 30 x 30 m. ITER cryostat. Pictured, six 60° base plates are temporarily assembled at the factory in order to check tolerances prior to shipment to ITER. The first cryostat elements are scheduled to arrive at ITER in November 2015.
  26. 26. Page 26/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Manufacturing progress Japan Japan is manufacturing half of the 18 giant toroidal field coils needed for ITER. Here, the D-shaped pancake windings are heat treated at 650 °C for 100 hours to react tin and niobium to form the superconducting compound niobium-tin.
  27. 27. Page 27/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Manufacturing progress Korea In Korea, where two of nine vacuum vessel sectors are under construction, welding is carried out on the upper section of an inner shell— only a small piece of the full component...
  28. 28. Page 28/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Manufacturing progress Russia Russia completes its share of toroidal field conductor in June 2015. The milestone marks the end of a five-year campaign to manufacture 28 production lengths (more than 120 tons of material).
  29. 29. Page 29/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Manufacturing progress USA The US is responsible for the design, R&D, and manufacturing of the main central solenoid magnet (using conductor supplied by Japan), as well as the associated structure and tooling. At General Atomics’ Magnet Technologies Center in Poway, California, winding operations began in April 2015 on a mockup module.
  30. 30. Page 30/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Delivering the ITER components First machine components to be delivered mid-2014
  31. 31. Page 31/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 Door-to-door delivery 14 January 2015: First of four 90-ton transformers procured by the US and manufactured in Korea 20 March 2015: Detritiation tank (20 tons), procured by Europe 2 April 2015: Detritiation tank (20 tons), procured by Europe 20 April 2015: Second of four 90-ton transformers procured by the US and manufactured in Korea 7 May 2015 (pictured): Two 80-ton, 61,000-gallon drain tanks for the tokamak cooling water system, procured by the US
  32. 32. Page 32/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 ITER is moving forward!
  33. 33. Page 33/33ITER Project Management Conference, IO Headquarters, 4 September 2015 ITER A promising way to new energy, a fascinating scientific, technological and managerial challenge

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