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Snake bites and insect stings


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Snake bites and insect stings

  1. 1. Snake Bite• Snake bite is an injury caused by a bite from a snakes. Often resulting in punctured wounds inflicted by the animal’s “fangs”.• The effect of snake bite depends on numerous factors which is:- 1.species of snakes 2.the area of the body bitten 3.the amount of venom injected 4.the health condition oh the victim
  2. 2. Sign Most of the snake bite will have their local effect such as:- 1. Minor pain and redness in over 90% of cases and depending the sites. 2. Bites by vipers and cobras may extremely painful with local tissues sometimes becoming tenders and severely swollen within 5 minutes.
  3. 3. Symptoms The most commonly symptoms of snake bite is overwhelming, panic and emotional instability which may cause :- 1. nausea 2.vomitting 3.diarhea 4.vertigo 5.Fainting 6.cold and clamming skin.
  4. 4. -Treatment- Some of the common poisonous snakes in Malaysia are Cobras, Vipers, Kraits and Sea Snakes. Snakes bite can be treated in the following method:- 1. Have casualty lie down still and keep calm, keep heart above level of wounded part to contain venom. 2. Wash wound well and pat dry with clean cotton swabs. Call 999 for ambulance. 3. lightly compress limb on wound with roller bandage to immobilize injury. 4. Arranged immediately medical removal. If you know what kind of snake it is, inform doctor or take snake along if killed.
  5. 5. Rat SnakeShort / Blood PythonPython curtus Paradise Tree Snake Chrysopela paradisi
  6. 6. Popes Pit-viper Trimeresurus popeiorumReticulated PythonPython reticulatus Reticulated Python Python reticulatus
  7. 7. Oriental Whip Snake Ahaetulla prasinaYellow Lipped Sea SnakeLaticauda colubrina
  8. 8. Waglers Pit Viper Tropidolaemus wagleriMangrove SnakeBoiga dendrophila Blue Malaysian Coral snake Maticora bivirgata Spotted Ground snake Liopeltis baliodeirus
  9. 9. Scorpion Stings Stinging of scorpion may cause of cutaneuos condition. Usually resulting pain, paresthesia and variable swelling. The anatomical of the scorpion that deliver the sting is called a “telson”. Most of the scorpions are dangerous to human,
  10. 10. Sign of a scorpion sting swelling and redness. Sweating vomiting. Abnormal head, neck and eye movement(twitching)
  11. 11. Symptom of a scorpion sting Muscle twitching and pain Numbness Breathing difficulties may occur Heart palpitations (heart beat quickly) Malaise, nausea Blurring of consciousness.
  12. 12.  Some people suffer severe pain when bitten by these insect like creatures, and might suffer the loss of breath. The treatment is as follow:-1. Apply bandage near the affected area (higher part)2. Apply a cool compression.3. Have casualty take some pain killer pills and minimize his/her movement. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) 1-2 tablets every 4 hours may be given to relieve pain. Avoid aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin).4. do not cut into the wound or apply suction
  13. 13. Types Of Scorpion In Malaysia. BU Lychas mucronatus CHE Chaerilus agilis BU Mesobuthus extremusBU Lychas flavimanus
  14. 14. CHE Chaerilus rectimanus EU Euscorpiops montanus HE Liocheles australasiaeSCN Heterometrus longimanus borneensis
  15. 15. SCN Heterometrus spiniferSCN Heterometrus petersii BU Lychas hosei BU Lychas shelfordi BU Isometrus maculatus CHE Chaerilus cavernicola BU Isometrus zideki CHE Chaerilus chapmani CHE Chaerilus laevimanus CHE Chaerilus ojangureni CHE Chaerilus robinsoni CHE Chaerilus sejnai CHE Chaerilus tichyi EU Dasyscorpiops grandjeani HE Liocheles nigripes HE Hormiops davidovi
  16. 16.  A bee sting are commonly known as a sting from a bee(honey bee, sweat bee, and bumble bee). The sting from most of this species are quite painful It is important to differentiate a bee sting and insect bite. It is also important to recognize that the venom or toxing from stinging insect is quite different. The sting injection of apitoxin into a victim body is accompanied by release of alarm pheromones, a process which is accelerated if the bees fatally injured.
  17. 17. Sign and symptom of bee sting A small, white spot where the stinger punctured the skin. A redness at the stung area. Sharp burning pain in the stung area. Possibly shock
  18. 18. Treatment for bee sting If the sting is embedded in the skin hold a pair of tweezers close on the skin, grasp the sting and remove it. As bee stings react to acid, they can be treated by applying some ammonia or soda. Once the stinger is removed, pain and swelling should be reduced with a cold compress. Many traditional remedies have been suggested for bee stings including damp pastes of tobacco, salt, baking soda, meat, tenderizer, toothpaste, clay, garlic, urine,onion,aspirin or even application of copper coins.
  19. 19. Thank you 