Merrow Scientific Biomass To Liquids

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Detailed information on the range of system we supply for research into Biomass to Liquids

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Merrow Scientific Biomass To Liquids

  1. 1. Biomass to Liquids Research
  2. 2. Merrow Scientific? <ul><li>UK laboratory instrumentation supplier </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.merrowscientific.com </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Exclusive UK representative for a number of overseas manufacturers. Including: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Autoclave Engineers (USA) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.autoclaveengineers.com </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rubotherm (Germany) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.rubotherm.com </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BEL (Japan) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.nippon-bel.co.jp/index_e.html </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Laboratory Instrumentation <ul><li>Lab stirred reactors </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed bed/tubular reactors </li></ul><ul><li>Multi- reactor systems </li></ul><ul><li>Gravimetric sorption analysis instruments </li></ul><ul><li>TGA and high pressure TGA </li></ul><ul><li>Surface area and porosity analysers </li></ul><ul><li>Chemisorption instruments </li></ul><ul><li>And more…… </li></ul>
  4. 4. Applications <ul><li>High pressure chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Gas storage/sorption </li></ul><ul><li>Fischer Tropsch (syngas conversion) </li></ul><ul><li>Gasification (coal, biomass to gas) </li></ul><ul><li>Surface area measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Catalyst characterisation </li></ul><ul><li>Materials testing/corrosion testing </li></ul><ul><li>Etc…… </li></ul>
  5. 5. Presentation Focus <ul><li>Laboratory systems for Biomass (and Coal) to Liquids Research, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rubotherm gravimetric system for gasification research (Biomass to Gas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Autoclave Engineers systems for Fischer Tropsch conversion of syngas to hydrocarbons (Gas to Liquids) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Biomass to Gas Production of syngas via the gasification process Using Rubotherm High Pressure TGA System
  7. 7. Rubotherm? <ul><li>Spin out from Ru hr University ( Bo chum, Germany) Therm odynamics Dept nearly 20 years ago to become laboratory instrument manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>Had requirement for high pressure gravimetric sorption equipment not available at that time anywhere, so developed own </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional instruments limited to approximately 20bar, Rubotherm have been up to 2000bar </li></ul>
  8. 8. Gravimetric Sorption <ul><li>Measuring mass change of sample when subjected to gases and/or vapours being dosed over it under a certain environment (temperature and pressure) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Magnetic Suspension Balance <ul><li>Rubotherm’s unique and patented gravimetric system uses a coupling and control system between high precision balance and sample </li></ul>
  10. 10. Unique Benefits <ul><li>Precision microgram balance separate from sample – so can measure mass change accurately while subjecting sample to high pressures (<2000bar), high temperatures (<1550degC), corrosive environments </li></ul><ul><li>Re-zero and calibrate balance during measurement – avoid balance drift – maximise accuracy and long term resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Measure gas density near sample </li></ul>
  11. 11. Wide range of designs Designed to meet researcher’s exact requirements
  12. 12. Applications <ul><li>Gas storage (e.g. H2, Methane, CO2) </li></ul><ul><li>Degradation (e.g. polymers in sour gas) </li></ul><ul><li>Gasification </li></ul><ul><li>Corrosion Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Catalyst Characterisation </li></ul><ul><li>Filter Material Analysis </li></ul>
  13. 13. New Range - DynTherm <ul><li>Gravimetric analysis under high temperature and raised pressures: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>900degC @ 100bar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1100degC @ 50bar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1200degC @ 40bar </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Biomass/Coal Gasification <ul><li>Sample suspended in sample container in controlled environment </li></ul><ul><li>React material at high temperatures with a controlled amount of oxygen and steam (and also CO2 – recent research in Columbia Uni, NY) or other gases </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to formation of Synthesis Gas (Syngas) a mixture of H2 and CO </li></ul>
  15. 15. Studying Gasification <ul><li>Rubotherm DynTherm – high temperatures and effect of raised pressures on efficiency of process and also H2:CO ratio produced </li></ul><ul><li>Flow different rates of steam, oxygen and CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>Different process conditions and ramping can be set to study reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Sample mass change measured during gasification – external GC/MS can also be connected </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Control and monitor wide range of parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Gas flows </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure… </li></ul><ul><li>Measure: </li></ul><ul><li>Mass change of sample </li></ul><ul><li>Gas evolved (using external GC/MS) </li></ul>
  17. 18. Gas to Liquid Hydrocarbons Production of synthetic fuels via the Fischer Tropsch reaction Using Autoclave Engineers Reactor Systems
  18. 19. Autoclave Engineers? <ul><li>Over 60 years as world leader in high pressure equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Fully meet highest PED grades </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of fixed bed and stirred reactors and pressure vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Represented in the UK by Merrow Scientific </li></ul>
  19. 20. Fischer Tropsch <ul><li>Catalysed chemical reaction converting syngas to liquid hydrocarbons </li></ul><ul><li>Aim is to produce synthetic petroleum substitute </li></ul><ul><li>Developed in the 1920s in Germany for coal to liquids, further developed by Sasol (South Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Current interest as an alternative to oil based fuels </li></ul>
  20. 21. Reactors for FT Research <ul><li>A number of options available, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oven based fixed bed reactors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slurry stirred reactors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vary and monitor all critical parameters and measure reaction and process </li></ul>
  21. 22. Oven Based Reactors <ul><li>For FT catalyst evaluation and process understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Custom configured to suit exact research requirements </li></ul><ul><li>B ench T op R eaction S ystem </li></ul><ul><li>Oven based environment to maintain constant temperature (avoid cold spots and potential condensation problems) </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of pressures and temperatures possible </li></ul>
  22. 23. Oven Based Reactors <ul><li>3 major sections: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed section </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guard beds (for filtering) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feed gases and mixtures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mixer/Vaporisers for combining feeds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heated process system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed bed (or even stirred) reactor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy diversion of feeds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sample (GC, MS, GLS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Module </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Slurry Reactors <ul><li>Catalyst suspended in process or specialist catalyst basket </li></ul><ul><li>Stirred reactor – independent or integrated into BTRS system </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of designs available and pressures and temperatures </li></ul>
  24. 25. Multi-Reactor <ul><li>The previous systems can be designed to contain multi reactor systems (fixed bed and stirred reactors) to allow detailed combinatorial catalyst research to be carried out. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Complete Biomass to Liquids Research <ul><li>Wide range of systems for complete Biomass to Liquids research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubotherm systems for gasification studies (Biomass to Gas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autoclave Engineers systems for FT research (Gas to Liquids) </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>For further detailed information or any questions please contact us: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.merrowscientific.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And also visit our blog for latest research news: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.merrowscientific.com/blog </li></ul></ul></ul>

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