Serbia By: Adelaida Aguirre, Bradley Hunkins, Jessica Kirby, and Mai Thao
 
Social Movements <ul><li>Stability Pact-  1 st  series attempt to replace previous crisis intervention policy with a long ...
Agenda for Peace- <ul><li>Created by secretary General Boustros-Ghali first time and only time in Yugoslavia to have peace...
Dayton Peace Accord <ul><li>Peace agreement that was reached in Nov 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Wasn’t effective because of Ser...
(Cont) <ul><li>Even though efforts of fixing country have come a long way it still seems that a great deal of conflict sti...
Conflicts  <ul><li>14 th  century- Serbian Kingdom invaded by Ottoman and Austrian Empires </li></ul><ul><li>WW1- Started ...
Nature of Conflicts <ul><li>Using land and resources  </li></ul><ul><li>WW2 and on struggle with Ethnic dominance and cult...
Kosovo Declares Independence <ul><li>Declaration made recently </li></ul><ul><li>Their independence will be dedicated to p...
Role of State <ul><li>Britain, France, and Italy were first of major European countries to recognize Kosovo’s Independence...
Srebrenica Massacre (genocide) <ul><li>Legally established case of Genocide in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>1995 slaughter of ...
(cont) <ul><li>Survivors testified that some people had hallucinations and killed family and friends or themselves </li></...
Goran Davidovic <ul><li>Leader of a Serbian neo-Nazi organization </li></ul><ul><li>Recently arrested in Trieste Italy (ea...
Serbia <ul><li>Local neo-Nazi group threatening the Independent Journalist Association </li></ul><ul><li>2005 organized at...
Demographics <ul><li>Population: 7,379,339 </li></ul><ul><li>Language: 88% Serbian 4% Hungarian  </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnici...
Conclusion <ul><li>The reason that Serbia is primarily Orthodox Serbs is because they have kept out or killed other ethnic...
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Serbia

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  • WRONG !!!! NDH,Pavelic and Croatian(Catolic Serbs) killed 700 000 Orthodox Serbs and Jews in Jasenovac in WW2.You have to know.
    Over 70% Croacian are Catolic Serbs(Ivanisevic,Vrankovic,Petrovic, Maric,Stanic,Janjic,Mandic,Mesic,Matija Ban,Petar Preradovic,Djuradj II Balsic, ect.).The same people and languege,like Muslims(,Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic,Omer Pasa Latas,Mesa Selimovic,Avdo Karabegovic Hasanbegov,Omer Beg Sulejmanpasic-Despotovic,Mustafa Golubic,Sinan Pasa Sijercic,Ali Aga Dadic,Aliveric Tuzlak,ect)
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Serbia

  1. 1. Serbia By: Adelaida Aguirre, Bradley Hunkins, Jessica Kirby, and Mai Thao
  2. 3. Social Movements <ul><li>Stability Pact- 1 st series attempt to replace previous crisis intervention policy with a long term conflict prevention strategy in 1998 (International Crisis Management focused on 3 key areas: </li></ul><ul><li>Creation for Secure Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion for Democratic Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Sustain ability for economic and social well-being </li></ul>
  3. 4. Agenda for Peace- <ul><li>Created by secretary General Boustros-Ghali first time and only time in Yugoslavia to have peace agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Also created by UN </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on post-conflict peace building </li></ul><ul><li>They set up support structures in a physically violent society, in hopes it would keep the peace. They were still structurally violent, re-emerging them into destruction </li></ul><ul><li>You have to solidify peace pre-conflict </li></ul>
  4. 5. Dayton Peace Accord <ul><li>Peace agreement that was reached in Nov 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Wasn’t effective because of Serbian Genocide </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed in 1992 but not set in stone till 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Put end in 3 ½ year war in Bosnia </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement when US and UN knew what was going on </li></ul><ul><li>Mandated that international organizations monitor agreements and countries </li></ul>
  5. 6. (Cont) <ul><li>Even though efforts of fixing country have come a long way it still seems that a great deal of conflict still exist </li></ul><ul><li>It is deep rooted in their culture to be segregated </li></ul><ul><li>Serbs were discriminated against in the early 20 th century, however today Serbs discriminate against Muslims </li></ul>
  6. 7. Conflicts <ul><li>14 th century- Serbian Kingdom invaded by Ottoman and Austrian Empires </li></ul><ul><li>WW1- Started in Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>WW2- Invasions form Nazi’s Germany and then they signed the Tripartite Pact </li></ul><ul><li>1980’s- Rise in Albanians nationalism and have problems with Kosovo </li></ul><ul><li>1999-Ends with NATO bombings and air-raids </li></ul>
  7. 8. Nature of Conflicts <ul><li>Using land and resources </li></ul><ul><li>WW2 and on struggle with Ethnic dominance and cultural superiority </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted to break up Yugoslavia’s Ethnic lines such as Croatia and have a greater Serbian state. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Kosovo Declares Independence <ul><li>Declaration made recently </li></ul><ul><li>Their independence will be dedicated to peace and stability </li></ul><ul><li>Voted in capital Pristina where 109 deputies came to vote for the Independence </li></ul><ul><li>There were other Ethnic minorities that where supposed to show up and vote but they didn’t show up: Serbs </li></ul><ul><li>After declared independence. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003 Yugoslavia disappeared from the map </li></ul>
  9. 10. Role of State <ul><li>Britain, France, and Italy were first of major European countries to recognize Kosovo’s Independence except for Russia( Diplomatic Ties to Serbia). </li></ul><ul><li>Serbs didn’t agree and took it to International Court of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Serbs insist that it still had sovereignty of Kosovo under UN Security Council resolution of 1244 of International Law </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment of all member states to sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia </li></ul>
  10. 11. Srebrenica Massacre (genocide) <ul><li>Legally established case of Genocide in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>1995 slaughter of 8,000 Bosnian Muslims at Srebrenica </li></ul><ul><li>(mostly men and underage boys </li></ul><ul><li>Judged that is was a brutal communal conflict when the Yugoslavia was breaking up </li></ul><ul><li>Court said Serbians should have taken action to prevent massacre </li></ul><ul><li>Happened 1992-95 </li></ul>
  11. 12. (cont) <ul><li>Survivors testified that some people had hallucinations and killed family and friends or themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights Watch believed that Serbians used B-Z, non lethal agent that incapacitates people </li></ul>
  12. 13. Goran Davidovic <ul><li>Leader of a Serbian neo-Nazi organization </li></ul><ul><li>Recently arrested in Trieste Italy (early this year 2009) for causing ethnic, racial and religious hatred and intolerance at a antifascist forum in Novi Sad with his followers </li></ul><ul><li>Merola, Italian Ambassador, gave Davidovic a legal visa because his name was not on a Schengen visa black list </li></ul><ul><li>Want to give him a one year sentence </li></ul>
  13. 14. Serbia <ul><li>Local neo-Nazi group threatening the Independent Journalist Association </li></ul><ul><li>2005 organized attack where Neo-Nazis armed with crowbars attacked participants marking the anniversary of Kristallnacht- a program against Jews thought out Germany and parts of Austria in 1938, </li></ul><ul><li>Are afraid of threats because lack of authority </li></ul>
  14. 15. Demographics <ul><li>Population: 7,379,339 </li></ul><ul><li>Language: 88% Serbian 4% Hungarian </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicities: 82% Serbs, 3% Hungarian, 15% other </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: 85% Orthodox, 5% Catholic, 3% Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Government: Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Southeastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: Cold winters and humid summers </li></ul>
  15. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>The reason that Serbia is primarily Orthodox Serbs is because they have kept out or killed other ethnicities and religions. </li></ul><ul><li>They killed 94% of Jews in WW2 and the Muslims in the Srebrenica Massacre </li></ul>

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