Data triangulation on newspapers articles using different softwarei

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Data triangulation on newspapers articles using different softwarei

  1. 1. Computer-Aided Qualitative Research Europe 7 & 8 Oct 2010, Lisbon For more information about our events, please visit: http://www.merlien.org
  2. 2. Data triangulation on newspapers articles using different software A. Crescentini and G.A.Veltri Computer-Aided Qualitative Research; 7-8 October 2010, Lisboa (Portugal).
  3. 3. Overview Background Theoretical background Triangulation Current Research Methodological notes Research questions Sample Analytical steps Main results Articles body analysis Articles headline analysis Data triangulation Final considerations and further steps
  4. 4. Theoretical Background Social Representations Theory (Moscovici, 1988). Focus on the use metaphors and clusters of meanings to determine the core of representations present in the mass media. Researchers in this area are focused on the idea that in the public sphere there are competing definitions, in what is a complex game played for control of semantics in the public sphere (Gaskell et al., 1998). Anchoring and Objectification (Moscovici, 1988) Similarly, there is the notion of “mediascapes” (Van Loon, 2002), the symbolic environment in which a technology is debated.
  5. 5. Qualitative research: two words on validity
  6. 6. Current research Studies on nanotechnology and the mass media have increased in the past few years due to the increasing hype that is surrounding this scientific domain. Research on nanotechnology’s mediascapes have focused initially on UK and US, but now other countries are under scrutiny (see Kjølberg, 2009; Kjærgaard, 2010) . In Spain, to our knowledge, nothing similar exists at the moment. In addition, most studies focused mainly on risk/benefits analytical frame within the media analysis.
  7. 7. Research questions How nanotechnology has been anchored in the Spanish National Press? How the nanotechology risk discourse has been anchored?
  8. 8. Methodological notes 646 articles (1997 to 2010) from three main spanish newspapers: El Mundo – 432,204 daily copies on average, (moderate) El Pais – 330,634 daily copies on average, (left-leaning) ABC – 240,225 daily copies on average, (right-leaning) 392.666 words, 32.477 lemmas From Lexis - Nexis database (www.lexisnexis.com) Sampling criteria: presence several keywords such as ‘nanotecnologia’, ‘nanosciencia’, ‘nanoparticulas’, ‘nanostructura’ and ‘manipulación atómica’, ‘ingeniería atómica’.
  9. 9. Analysis T-Lab 7 – atlas.ti 6.1 Articles were pre-processed by human coding: tagging and establishing main variables (newspaper, year, etc.) We explored his texts using different kinds of tools: Co-occurrence analysis and automatic thematic analysis Comparative analysis Automatic thematic analysis of EC as mean to unravel core packets of meanings in the coverage of nanotechnology in Spanish Press. Cluster analysis of themes and their longitudinal evolution Headline were analyzed to find main categories Three main codes have been applied to identify the attitude of newspapers
  10. 10. Understanding
  11. 11. Longitudinal analysis of themes 12
  12. 12. Risk Discourse Clusters 13
  13. 13. Risk discourse longitudinal evolution 14
  14. 14. Risk discourse by newspapers 15
  15. 15. Quantitative analysis of text data particularly important for Conclusions the longitudinal dimension. Overview of the overall coverage Overview of a given newspaper coverage Not limited to the risk/benefit analytical frame Complementary to qualitative coding or a reliability tool to compare human thematic coding and automatic one Qualitative analysis helps in giving sense to the information Problem of the attitude Risk of hyper analysis 16
  16. 16. Thank you! alberto.crescentini@supsi.ch 17
  17. 17. Computer-Aided Qualitative Research Europe 7 & 8 Oct 2010, Lisbon For more information about our events, please visit: http://www.merlien.org

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