Migration revision GCSE geography.

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GCSE geography revision OCR B. Migration

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Migration revision GCSE geography.

  1. 1. Revision: Migration. LO: To identify why migration happens, and apply this to case study examples.
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes: • You are able to identify simple push and pull factors associated with migration (E) • You are able to identify push and pull factors and relate these to a case study (C) • You are able to identify push and pull factors, relating them to a case study and considering the impacts and how they can be managed (A)
  3. 3. Task 1: • Sort the images below into a table of push and pull factors: (hint – they may go into both columns, but explain why) Push factors Why Pull factors Why E.g. Job No jobs, or not enough money from them to support family E.g. Job Better opportunities, better money etc.
  4. 4. Case study of international migration: • What is the case study? Mexico to the USA • What are the causes? (Push/Pull factors) • Consequences (for both countries) • Management. Your task: Create a revision tool to give you the key facts about this case study.
  5. 5. Rural to urban migration: Urbanisation Think: - What does the graph show? (description) -Why does the graph show urbanisation increasing? (explanation) - What are the push factors from the rural areas? -What are the pull factors to the towns and cities? Can happen in both LEDCs and MEDCs
  6. 6. Consequences of urbanisation: -Overcrowding - Increased traffic, pollution, waste - Squatter settlements (shanty towns/slums/favellas) -Population decreases in rural areas – more old people and young people (dependents). -Fewer services as there is less demand for them. Managing these consequences: -Building more houses and attracting more companies for jobs -Promoting public transport/cycling -Improving services, e.g. water/electricity -Improve squatter settlements; e.g. self help schemes, site and service schemes -Invest in education/healthcare -Give loans/grants to businesses -Improve local transport Rural: Urban:
  7. 7. Urban to rural migration: Counter-urbanisation • Push factors? Pull factors? • What are the impacts? – Urban: Rural: Increasing house prices as demand grows Shops and services close as commuters use them in cities. Empty towns during the day as commuters leave for work – loss of community spirit Inner city areas with high crime/pollution become empty and disused Commuters prefer to shop on outskirts with good access, so shops in the centre lose customers and close Think: How could you manage the impacts of counter- urbanisation? Make a few suggestions.
  8. 8. Case study of migration in one country: • What is the case study? Brazil • What are the causes? (Push/pull factors) • Impacts on the urban area (Rio de Janeiro) • Impacts on the rural areas. Your task: Create a revision tool to give you the key facts about this case study. Especially for Miss Burley
  9. 9. Practice time: 8 marks • Higher: With reference to a named example of international migration, explain the causes and consequences on the countries involved. • Foundation: Name an example of international migration. Explain the causes and consequences of this migration on the countries involved.
  10. 10. Learning Outcomes: • You are able to identify simple push and pull factors associated with migration (E) • You are able to identify push and pull factors and relate these to a case study (C) • You are able to identify push and pull factors, relating them to a case study and considering the impacts and how they can be managed (A)

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