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  1. 1. The Republic of Estonia
  2. 2. General info <ul><li>Estonia, offically the Republic of Estonia, is a country in Northern Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>The territory of Estonia covers 45,227 k m². </li></ul><ul><li>The population is about 1,3 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>The capital of Estonia is Tallinn, which is also the largest city in Estonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Estonia is divided into 15 counties. </li></ul><ul><li> The official language is Estonian, it is a Finno-ugric language and closely related to Finnish. </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm” “ My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy” Estonian flag- blue symbolizing the blue sky above the native land, black symbolizing the attachment to our black soil and white, hard work and purity.
  4. 4. <ul><li>Estonia is a democratic parliamentary republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Estonian president is Toomas Hendrik Ilves, his term as a president began in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>The prime minister of Estonia is Andrus Ansip. </li></ul><ul><li>Estonia has been a member of the United Nations since 1991, of the European Union since 2004 and of NATO since 2004 . </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Estonian song festival <ul><li>I t is one of the most unique celebrations in Estonia and is also a part of UNESCO World heritage! </li></ul><ul><li>The first all-Estonian Song Festival took place in Tartu in 1869 and since then the Song Festivals have become a national tradition, being held every 4-5 years, when choirs from all over the country come to sing together. </li></ul><ul><li> This year the all Estonian song festival was visited by a record number or people- about 100 000 singers and spectactors at one concert . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dance Festival <ul><li>Estonia is also known for its dance festival, which takes place at the same time as the song festival. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays there are also held dance festivals for men only and for younger dancers. </li></ul><ul><li> Folk-dance groups gather from all over Estonia and dance together, 7000 of them, to show their communion. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sport <ul><ul><li>Estonia first competed as a nation at the 1920 Summer Olympics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estonia has won most of its Olympic medals in weightlifting, wrestling and cross-country skiing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2008 summer games estonia won one gold medal (Kanter- discus) and one silver medal (rowing two-boat). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the last winter olympics Estonia won three gold medals (skiing- Kristiina šmigun and Andrus Veerpalu). In 1980 the sailing regatta of Moscow Olympics was held in Estonia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This year European Figure Skating Championshipos also took place in Estonia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every year one FIS world cup stage takes also place in Estonia, Otepää. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Music <ul><li>Estonia has some artists and composers who bring fame to our country. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, worldfamous Kerli Kõiv and a band named Bedwetters. Bedwetters had a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to perform on the MTV music awards when they won the category of New Sound of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>A famous Estonian is also Arvo Pärt, whose pieces are listened and recognized all over the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Estonia has competed in Eurovison cong contest since 1994. In May 2001, Dave Benton and Tanel Padar gave a very strong performance and won, bringing Estonia the right to host the 2002 Eurovision song contest. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Did you know that. .. ? <ul><li>Skype was designed by Estonian developers, and millions of internet users in Estonia use it to make free calls over the internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Estonia has the highest number of meteorite craters per land area in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The lowest temperature measured in Estonia is -43,5 celsius and the highest is +35,6 degrees celsius. This winter has also been really cold and snowy. The lowest temperature mesured this winter is -32,1 degrees, in Jõgeva. </li></ul><ul><li>Tallinn was chosen to be the Culture Capital of Europe during the year 2011. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Aitäh! </li></ul>