communication disorders

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communication disorders

  1. 1. Communication disorders Birgit Rae 10.a
  2. 2. C ommunication disorders include problems related to: <ul><li>Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory processing (hearing) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes <ul><li>Hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Brain injury </li></ul><ul><li>Mental retardation </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental disorders </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Statistics <ul><li>One in every 10 Americans has had some type of communication disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>6 million children have a speech or language disorder. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Speech <ul><li>Speech is learning how to regulate muscles to produce speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Stuttering ( kokutamine ) is the most serious dysfluency. </li></ul><ul><li>Voice disorders: difficulties with the quality, pitch( helikõrgus ) and loudness of the voice. </li></ul><ul><li>7.5 million people in the United States have difficulties using their voices. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Language <ul><li>A language disorder is the impairment ( kahjustus ) or deviant(väär) development of comprehension of words in context. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 6 and 8 million individuals in the U.S.A have some form on language impairment. </li></ul><ul><li>Many adults acquire (omandama) disorders of language because of stroke, head injury or brain tumor (ajukasvaja) or problems connected to their childhood. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hearing <ul><li>Auditory processing ( kuuldava töötlemine; kuulmine ) is describing what happens in our brain. </li></ul><ul><li>The “disorder” (APD) means that something is disturbing the processing ( töötlemine ) or interpretation of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Children often don't recognize differences between sounds in words. </li></ul>
  8. 8. For example <ul><li>“Tell me how a CHOUCH and a CHAIR are alike.” </li></ul><ul><li>“Tell me how a COW and a CHAIR are alike.” </li></ul><ul><li>“Tell me how a COW and a HAIR are alike.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Thank you for listening!
  10. 10. Sources <ul><li>http://psychologytoday.com/conditions/commdisorder.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication_disorder </li></ul>

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