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Animation

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Animation

  1. 1. Animation
  2. 2. <ul><li>Rapid display </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence of images </li></ul><ul><li>Model positions </li></ul><ul><li>An illusion of movement </li></ul><ul><li>By computer </li></ul><ul><li>Taking photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>''Anima'' means ''soul'' </li></ul><ul><li>in Latin </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cartoon
  4. 4. <ul><li>Cinema, television, computer screen </li></ul><ul><li>Story or plot </li></ul><ul><li>By computers or manually </li></ul><ul><li>Frames: photographs of drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Cels </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a computer system </li></ul><ul><li>Software programs: </li></ul><ul><li>color the drawings, </li></ul><ul><li>trace movements and effects </li></ul><ul><li>The Lion King </li></ul><ul><li>3 groups: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Full animation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Limited animation </li></ul><ul><li>3. Rotoscoping </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Full animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. High-quality </li></ul><ul><li>2. Detailed drawings </li></ul><ul><li>3. Real movements </li></ul><ul><li>4. Realistically designed- </li></ul><ul><li>T he Walt Disney studio </li></ul><ul><li>5. &quot;Cartoony&quot; style- </li></ul><ul><li>The Warner Bros. Animation </li></ul><ul><li>studio </li></ul><ul><li>Limited animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Less detailed </li></ul><ul><li>2. More stylized drawings and methods </li></ul><ul><li>of movement </li></ul><ul><li>3. Cost-effective animated content- </li></ul><ul><li>television and the Internet </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Rotoscoping: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Live-action movement frame by </li></ul><ul><li>frame </li></ul><ul><li>2. Copied from actors' outlines </li></ul><ul><li>3. The Lord of the Rings </li></ul><ul><li>4. Max Fleischer in 1917 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stop motion
  8. 8. <ul><li>Stop motion: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Frame-by-frame </li></ul><ul><li>2. Physically manipulating real- </li></ul><ul><li>world objects </li></ul><ul><li>3. Photographing one frame of film </li></ul><ul><li>at a time to create the illusion of </li></ul><ul><li>movement </li></ul><ul><li>4. Clay figures </li></ul><ul><li>Clay animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Clay or malleable material </li></ul><ul><li>2.An armature or wire frame </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Cutout animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Unique technique </li></ul><ul><li>2. Flat characters, props, backgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>3. Cut out from: paper, card, stiff fabric, </li></ul><ul><li>photographs </li></ul><ul><li>4. Computers </li></ul><ul><li>5. The South Park TV series </li></ul><ul><li>Object animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Non-drawn objects: toys, blocks, dolls </li></ul><ul><li>2. Not fully malleable </li></ul><ul><li>3. Not designed </li></ul><ul><li>4. Human or animal character </li></ul><ul><li>5. Combined with other forms </li></ul><ul><li>6. Brickfilm: LEGO </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Silhouette animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Black silhouettes </li></ul><ul><li>2. Monochrome </li></ul><ul><li>3. Black foreground </li></ul><ul><li>4. Grey shade on background </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cut out from black paper </li></ul><ul><li>6. Strengthened with cardboard </li></ul><ul><li>7. Tied together at joints </li></ul><ul><li>8. Filmed top-down </li></ul><ul><li>Pixilation </li></ul><ul><li>1. Live actors </li></ul><ul><li>2. Repeatedly posing </li></ul><ul><li>3. Living stop motion puppet </li></ul><ul><li>4. Surreal effects: </li></ul><ul><li>disappearances and reappearances </li></ul>
  11. 11. Puppet animation
  12. 12. <ul><li>The moving of the puppets </li></ul><ul><li>Armature inside of them </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing process </li></ul><ul><li>In 1898 </li></ul><ul><li>Albert. E. Smith and J. Stuart Black </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Humpty Dumpty Circus&quot; </li></ul>
  13. 13. Computer animation
  14. 14. <ul><li>Moving images </li></ul><ul><li>Use of computers </li></ul><ul><li>Computer graphics and animation </li></ul><ul><li>Digitally created </li></ul><ul><li>2D animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. 2D bitmap graphics </li></ul><ul><li>2. 2D vector graphics </li></ul><ul><li>3. Automated computerized versions: </li></ul><ul><li>tweening, morphing, onion skinning, </li></ul><ul><li>interpolated rotoscoping </li></ul><ul><li>4. Example: Foster's Home for </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginary Friends </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>3D animation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Digital models manipulated by animator </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rigging </li></ul><ul><li>3. Various other techniques: </li></ul><ul><li>mathematical functions, particle </li></ul><ul><li>simulations, simulation with fur or hair, </li></ul><ul><li>effects fire and water, motion capture </li></ul><ul><li>4. Believable </li></ul><ul><li>5. Examples: The Incredibles, Shrek, </li></ul><ul><li>Finding Nemo </li></ul>

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