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Boundary Analysis Using Autocad

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Presentation made at NJSPLS Survcon in February 2006

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Boundary Analysis Using Autocad

  1. 1. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying Boundary Analysis using AutoCAD J. R. Lemuel Morrison, PLS Mercator Land Surveying
  2. 2. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Background 1. Purpose: To Share CAD Tools Used in Boundary Analysis 1. Purpose: To Share CAD Tools Used in Boundary Analysis 2. Terms: • Plots, System 2. Terms: • Plots, System 3. Jump in with Questions.3. Jump in with Questions.
  3. 3. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Outline 1. Common Practice in Boundary Analysis1. Common Practice in Boundary Analysis 2. Procedure and Tools for Boundary Analysis2. Procedure and Tools for Boundary Analysis 3. Examples3. Examples
  4. 4. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying . . . but there are drawbacks with CAD. . . but there are drawbacks with CAD Common Practices Rotate Plots Translate Plots Hold Specifics Rotate Plots Translate Plots Hold Specifics Solve Misclosures Note ROWs & Hold Solve Misclosures Note ROWs & Hold Plot Deeds Plot Maps Annotate Note Misclosures Note Call outs (e.g. monts, pins, rivers etc) Plot Deeds Plot Maps Annotate Note Misclosures Note Call outs (e.g. monts, pins, rivers etc) PlotPlot ResolveResolve AnalysisAnalysis
  5. 5. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Drawbacks Plotting • Needs to be done by surveyor • Calls in a deed or map can be missed without an articulated system. • Plots need to be brought together in a block or layer to make selection sure & easy Plotting • Needs to be done by surveyor • Calls in a deed or map can be missed without an articulated system. • Plots need to be brought together in a block or layer to make selection sure & easy Resolving & Analysis • Selection is difficult with layers • Revisions are difficult with blocks Resolving & Analysis • Selection is difficult with layers • Revisions are difficult with blocks All of this needs to be clear to another or you laterAll of this needs to be clear to another or you later
  6. 6. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Procedure & Tools Key Requirements 1. Must Be Able to Delegate Tasks to Technicians and Track What They Did. 1. Must Be Able to Delegate Tasks to Technicians and Track What They Did. 2. Must Be Able to Easily Select and Revise Plots, Maps and Systems 2. Must Be Able to Easily Select and Revise Plots, Maps and Systems 3. Must Be Able to Memorialize the Analysis3. Must Be Able to Memorialize the Analysis
  7. 7. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying Delegate PlottingDelegate Plotting 1. Differentiate Into Layers • Property Lines in . . .-LOTL-_PIQ-G • Text in . . .-_PIQ-T • Adjoiners (lines) in . . . –LOTL-ADJN-G (& –T) • Easements into one of two layers • . . . -ESMT-SRVT-G (& -T) • . . . –ESMT-DOMT-G (& -T) • Static Text for Bearings & Distances 1. Differentiate Into Layers • Property Lines in . . .-LOTL-_PIQ-G • Text in . . .-_PIQ-T • Adjoiners (lines) in . . . –LOTL-ADJN-G (& –T) • Easements into one of two layers • . . . -ESMT-SRVT-G (& -T) • . . . –ESMT-DOMT-G (& -T) • Static Text for Bearings & Distances 2. Make Notes About the Plot • Misclosure & POB • Details (e.g. Deed Book, Page, Owner) • Call Outs (e.g. Pins, Stones, Along a Road) •Ties to other Corners & Street Widths) 2. Make Notes About the Plot • Misclosure & POB • Details (e.g. Deed Book, Page, Owner) • Call Outs (e.g. Pins, Stones, Along a Road) •Ties to other Corners & Street Widths)
  8. 8. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Easily Select & Revise Plots are ordered into GroupsPlots are ordered into Groups New Selectable (check box) Selectable (change box) Find Name Add Remove New Selectable (check box) Selectable (change box) Find Name Add Remove
  9. 9. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Memorialize Analysis 1. Create A Drawing for the Sole Purpose of Plotting Deeds & Maps • We Use a Prefix of “zz” for Drawings That Are for Our Use Only. 1. Create A Drawing for the Sole Purpose of Plotting Deeds & Maps • We Use a Prefix of “zz” for Drawings That Are for Our Use Only. 2. Make Notes And Annotation Regarding Rotation, What Was Held and Any Other Changes. 2. Make Notes And Annotation Regarding Rotation, What Was Held and Any Other Changes. 3. Create a Polyline of the Complete Boundary for the PIQ and Export Entire Set. 3. Create a Polyline of the Complete Boundary for the PIQ and Export Entire Set.
  10. 10. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying AdvantagesAdvantages 1. Differentiate Into Layers & Notes • Allows Technicians to Plot Deeds & Maps While Important Boundary Items Are Noted for the Surveyor’s Use. • Makes the Resulting Line Work Easy to Separate From Text. • Keeps a Record of Exactly the Calls in the Deed (e.g. static labels for bearings & deed). 1. Differentiate Into Layers & Notes • Allows Technicians to Plot Deeds & Maps While Important Boundary Items Are Noted for the Surveyor’s Use. • Makes the Resulting Line Work Easy to Separate From Text. • Keeps a Record of Exactly the Calls in the Deed (e.g. static labels for bearings & deed).
  11. 11. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying Advantages cont.Advantages cont. 2. Create Groups • Allow a Set to be “Glued” together to Make Rotation & Translation Easy. • Allow Selectability to be Turned Off so That Revisions Can Be Made. •Allow for Nested Groups. 2. Create Groups • Allow a Set to be “Glued” together to Make Rotation & Translation Easy. • Allow Selectability to be Turned Off so That Revisions Can Be Made. •Allow for Nested Groups.
  12. 12. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying Advantages cont.Advantages cont. 3. Separate Boundary Drawing • Keeps All Notes and Plots Together in one File for Reference. • Keeps Internal Comments & “Proprietary” Analysis In-House. For us a prefix of “zz” means it does not go to clients for others. • Isolates Completed Boundary Either Into Its Own File for Xreference or to be Inserted Into the Primary Drawing. 3. Separate Boundary Drawing • Keeps All Notes and Plots Together in one File for Reference. • Keeps Internal Comments & “Proprietary” Analysis In-House. For us a prefix of “zz” means it does not go to clients for others. • Isolates Completed Boundary Either Into Its Own File for Xreference or to be Inserted Into the Primary Drawing.
  13. 13. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying ExamplesExamples Simple Deed PlotsSimple Deed Plots . . . but first, using the Group Command. . . but first, using the Group Command Complex Boundary SystemComplex Boundary System
  14. 14. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Using Groups Useful When the System Is Being Rotated Together While Individual Plots Are Being Moved Useful When the System Is Being Rotated Together While Individual Plots Are Being Moved Type “Group” at the Command line Make Some Groups Non-Selectable Type “Group” at the Command line Make Some Groups Non-Selectable
  15. 15. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Using Groups Useful When Trying to Resolve Problems in Deeds and Lines Being Moved or Changed Useful When Trying to Resolve Problems in Deeds and Lines Being Moved or Changed Toggle Group Selection Globally • Selection Tab in Options • Ctrl+H or Ctrl+Shift+A Toggle Group Selection Globally • Selection Tab in Options • Ctrl+H or Ctrl+Shift+A
  16. 16. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Examples Adjoiners PIQ Esmt Descriptive Text PIQ moved as one
  17. 17. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Groups Were Essential on a Complex Boundary • Original ROW in 17 Maps • 1 mile project length • 163 Separate Fee & Easement Takings • Baseline Alignment • Pierhead/Bulkhead Line • Rail Road Crossing • Air Rights Groups Were Essential on a Complex Boundary • Original ROW in 17 Maps • 1 mile project length • 163 Separate Fee & Easement Takings • Baseline Alignment • Pierhead/Bulkhead Line • Rail Road Crossing • Air Rights Examples PH/BH Line Esmts Takings Alignment Entire System Moved as One
  18. 18. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land Almost all of the Takings did not Close or Match to the Baseline. Almost all of the Takings did not Close or Match to the Baseline. Examples Notes as Part of the Group Using Groups and Notes Was Essential to Track All of the Changes To the Takings. Using Groups and Notes Was Essential to Track All of the Changes To the Takings. The Static Labels in the Groups were an Excellent Reminder of the Original Call in the Conveyance. The Static Labels in the Groups were an Excellent Reminder of the Original Call in the Conveyance.
  19. 19. January 30, 2015 ©2006 Mercator Land The Gaps Became Clear and Were Easy to Note on the Final Survey. The Gaps Became Clear and Were Easy to Note on the Final Survey. Examples The Survey Shows the Results, but our “zz” File Keeps Our Internal Work All Together for Easy & Clear Future Reference. The Survey Shows the Results, but our “zz” File Keeps Our Internal Work All Together for Easy & Clear Future Reference.
  20. 20. January 30, 2015 © 2006 Mercator Land Surveying QuestionsQuestions

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