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The Different Parts that Make Up Your Vehicle


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Menzies Chrysler 1602 Champlain Ave Whitby, ON L1N 6A7‎ (905) 683-4100, is a car dealership offering premium customer service and a range of new and used Chrsyler, Dodge and Jeep at great prices.

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The Different Parts that Make Up Your Vehicle

  1. 1. The Different Parts that Make Up Your Vehicle
  2. 2. Introduction For every driver out there, it can pay off in the long run to learn the inner workings of your car. Not only will you be better able to detect where the problem lies when your vehicle stops running, you will also be able to use it more efficiently and keep it in good working condition by taking care of it like you should. In this presentation, we will show you the most important auto parts for each system, from the engine to the ignition and exhaust.
  3. 3. The Engine To make sense of that big mess of a block that is the engine, here are its most important parts with their specific role: - Pistons & Crankshaft: these are involved in the internal combustion process. They're the parts that initiate the motion of your car after gas has been ignited by the spark plug and has released explosive energy - Cylinders: these house the pistons and allow them to move up and down, causing the rotation of the cylinders, thus transferring the energy up the chain. They truly represent the core of the engine -Valves & Camshaft: valves and camshaft comprise the valve train which is connected to the crankshaft by a timing chain and serves to feed the air/fuel mix to the engine and let the exhaust out
  4. 4. The Transmission Transmissions are an essential part of a car as they prevent the engine from exploding by ensuring – through the change of gears which adapt the ouput to the wheels depending on the car speed – that the RPM always stays below the engine threshold. Here are its most important parts: - Planetary Gear Sets: that’s the system that is used to change speeds - Hydraulic System: it manages transmission fluid and helps gear shifting as well as to reduce friction & overheating - Torque Converter: it keeps the engine running when the car has come to a stop
  5. 5. The Brakes If the car can't start without a well-functioning engine, you're not risking much except being late to wherever you need to go. But when brakes start to fail you, it's your life that's at risk. The braking system of your vehicle is made of: - Master & Slave Cylinders: when you press on the pedal, a piston will push the master cylinder, moving the fluid that’s trapped behind to the slave cylinders located at each wheel - Disc Brakes: the disc brakes will be applied to the wheels and stop the car when the filled slave cylinders will push a piston to the discs
  6. 6. The Ignition System The role of the ignition system is pretty straigthforward but essential nonetheless. It will use the car's battery to create enough voltage to help the sparkplug light the fuel on fire. - The Coil: it will generate the high voltage by turning the battery's low tension to a higher level - Rotor Arm & Contact-Breaker Points: their purpose is to distribute the low tension current to the appropriate plug - Distributor Cap: this is the piece that actually transfers the high voltage to the sparkplug, once the coil has served its function
  7. 7. Suspension & Steering Altough there are different steering systems, rack-and-pinion is slowly starting to become the reference. It consists of the following: - Steering Shaft: that long tube makes the connection between the steering wheel and the pinion - Pinion Gear: its role is to have the rack go left and right depending on the direction the driver turns the steering wheel - Rack & Tie Rod: the rack and tie rod “close the circuit” by linking pinion and wheels
  8. 8. Suspension & Steering As for the suspensions, if they manage to keep the passengers comfortable and keep the tires on the road, it's thanks to: - Springs: they support the vehicle and handle the impact/energy transmitted from the road to the car - Dampers: they absorb the impact from the springs and help release the energy slowly rather than all at once - Anti-Roll Bars: they serve to attach the sides of the suspensions, providing the car with extra stability
  9. 9. The Exhaust If we want to simplify the exhaust system, we could say that it's nothing more than a series of pipes whose role is to chase the gases towards the back of the car where they will be expelled. It consists of the following: - Manifold: it collects the gases coming from the different cylinders - Catalytic Converter: it renders the gases less harmful by capturing some of the hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and other toxic substances - Muffler: the purpose of the muffler is simple but important nonetheless; to reduce the levels of noise
  10. 10. Conclusion Learning how you car works and what it's made off is the first step in ensuring that you keep it in a good working condition. We hope that the information we shared with you in this presentation will have sparked an interest in you and that you will keep informing yourself about your car. Not only is it a fascinating subject, it could also save you a lot of money in the long run!
  11. 11. Want to learn more about car parts? Visit the experts in Ontario at: