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Green biotechnology

  1. Green Biotechnology
  2. Topics What is green biotechnology? History of green biotechnology Aims of plant biotechnology Applications green biotechnology Benefits
  3. Green Biotechnology which is commonly known Plant Biotechnology . Which applied to agricultural processes produce more environmentally friendly solutions alternative to traditional industrial agriculture.
  4. History of Green biotechnology Plant biotechnology is founded from the Cell Theory of Schleiden and Schwann to biotech crops & the principles of cellular totipotency and genetic transformation in bacteria by Frederick Griffith
  5. Aims of green biotechnology Tackle food Plants for security fuels issues Reduce the environment al footprint of industry
  6. Application of green biotechnology The application refer to of genetic engineering . Plant tissue culture: A technique lets whole plants produce from minute amounts of plant parts like the roots or even just a single plant cell under laboratory conditions. Example products in Kenya include banana and Irish potato.
  7. Plant molecular marker assisted breeding: A technique uses molecular markers to select a specific trait of interest yield and linked to it. E.g. maize that is tolerant to drought and maize streak virus. Plant genetic engineering: The selective and transfer of beneficial gene(s) from one to another to create new improved crops. Examples cotton, sweet potato.
  8. Bio fertilizers and bio pesticides: farmers are using bio fertilizers and bio pesticides to reap more benefits and avoid the chemical pesticides having pollutants India 10%saving through the use of bio fertilizers. Plants for bio-energy: Plants are used a bit for the production of different biofuels, such as biodiesel or bio- ethanol. Like Wood –the cellulose and hemicellulose in wood – can be converted to bio-ethanol
  9. Hybridization: scientists exploit s the fact that some offspring from the progeny of a cross between two known parents would be better than the parents example hybrid corns. Example of green biotechnology Biotech cotton : Some biotechnology companies are using the soil bacterium bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), to produce a Bt- toxin gene to splice into cotton. The toxin Eats into the gut of pests and kills them.
  10. Green Biotechnology and Climate Change: Green biotechnology playing role to fight climate change. Greenhouse gas reduction by crop adaptation to climate change and population growth. Contribute positively by reducing CO2 emissions increase as their cultivation.
  11. Future with green biotechnology 1. Increasing food production: around 800 million people worldwide suffer from hunger. the world’s population will grow to 8.1Billion by 2030. Must increase in production by Biotechnology can improve the global food situation . 2. • improvement and the production of new products with new traits like (drought)
  12. 3. Food enhancement by enhancement in vital nutrients such as protein and vitamins This food is safer than conventional food because it is tested 4. improvement in health & safety standards, and less environment pollution. 5. Biotechnology has even greater potential productivity
  13. Prepared by :  Menna T-Allah Ahmed