Prevention of gambling deviant effects among adolescents
PhD. Candidate Menada PetroPhD. Candidate Menada PetroAlbanian International Conference on EducationDecember 7 – 8, 2012Tirana, Albania“Education for the Knowledge Society”
Gambling individual effects are similar to thosecaused by alcohol and drugs- Gamblers do not experience harmful physical effects (such as:overdose, liver damage, depreciation trials, etc.) as a direct result ofgambling.- They experience severe social consequences associated with fraudand breach of trust to their friends and their loved ones- Problematic gamblers have no ability to stop or control their behavior- Gambling is an addiction often "hidden", not easily visible anddistinguishable
Many studies in the world, prove thatgambling started in childhood, specificallyat age of 10 - 19 years old.The following results have been collected from1000 questionnaires distributed to students inhigh schools and university-39% of teenagers have started gamblingbefore they have 11- 51% between 11 – 15 years old- 10% after 15 years old32% have played into Casino68% have played in other places.53% claim that play at least once a week
Spends a lot of time gambling and thinking aboutgambling. Misses school or grades start to worsen because of timespent gambling. Starts to place larger and more frequent bets to maintaininterest and excitement produced by gambling. Experiences mood swings and feels stressed when notgambling regularly or trying to reduce or stop gambling. Promises to stop or reduce their gambling but has troublefollowing through with plan. Lies or is secretive about gambling activities.SIGNS OF PROBLEM GAMBLING
Missing personal belongings or cannot cover regular expenses ashe/she has used these to finance gambling activities. Borrows or takes money from family members or friends togamble. Keeps on gambling because he/she believes that they can winback their money and with the intention of eventually stopping. Gambles as a means to escape or forget their problems. Braggs about big wins, and is constantly talking about previousgambling experiences. Carries around (and shows off) large amounts of money at times. Seems depressed, withdrawn, or anxious at times in betweenhighsSIGNS OF PROBLEM GAMBLING
What gambling causes among children andadolescents?- Severe disorders of humorSevere disorders of humor- Mental and personality disordersMental and personality disorders- Family and social relationships brokenFamily and social relationships broken- Motivation and concern disordersMotivation and concern disorders- Interruption of school attendance or workInterruption of school attendance or work- Involvement in minor and serious crimesInvolvement in minor and serious crimes- SuicideSuicide
An effective prevention models should include:• Activities that increase the level of knowledge about gamblingproblems among youth• Experiences that help in modifying and changing the viewthat gambling is always a harmless behavior• Discussions that help to change the wrong knowledge aboutthe role of skill and chance and the illusion of self-controlduring the game• Demonstrations and exercises in writing in a notebook orchart to understand the statistical probability and superstition
Prevention does not require the implementation of anentirely new program, preventive activities can be addedeasily in school programs Social EducationSchools deal with topics of drugs, alcohol, violence, etc. Here we can also add topicsthat deal with negative effects of gambling Mathematic & StatisticTreatment of probability and the role of skills and chance Biology and Health Education / Psychology / SociologyThe influence of dopamine and serotonin in pathological and problematic gambling.Gambling perceived in the brain by cells and molecules. Neurons translate the signalinto pleasure and reward for certain behavior.Limbic system has a special role in mediating the acute reinforcing mechanismsinvolved in pathological gambling
Examines the risk and protective factors and hasdeveloped several programs for teachers, which can beadapted to work in the classroomThese programs are designed for different levels ofstudents and teachers. They can be used by teachers whohave no knowledge of gambling issues and their problems,as well as teachers who have limited time to administratethe curriculum of the subject matter they cover.Many of these programs are currently being implementedin the U.S.; Canada; Europe; Australia; New Zealand andSingapore.
PhD. candidate Menada Petromenada_petro@yahoo.comGambling is become more acceptable than ever before and it is treated as apastime (while the effects and consequences are so negative about the lifeof the individual and society).Expansion of gambling is making evident the addition of gambling problems.As key stakeholders, professional staff of schools have a unique opportunityto facilitate in the prevention, identification and treatment of young peoplewho have gambling problems.