Review Engineering 1


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Review Engineering 1

  1. 1. Engineering 1 <ul><li>A review of chapters 1-9 with sample mcas questions. </li></ul>
  2. 2. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: a standard on which a decision may be based </li></ul>
  3. 3. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>A limitation to be considered in designing and developing technology. </li></ul>
  4. 4. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Prototype </li></ul><ul><li>A full scale working model that tests whether a technology meets the requirements </li></ul>
  5. 5. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Mockup </li></ul><ul><li>a mockup is a scale model of a structure or device, usually used for teaching, demonstration, testing a design, etc. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mockup The shuttle sitting outside the Space Shuttle America ride is an example of a mockup.
  7. 7. Mockup Mockup of electric toothbrush
  8. 8. Mockup Mockup of future automobile
  9. 9. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Patent </li></ul><ul><li>A document issued by the government that gives an inventor the sole right to make, distribute, or sell a particular invention for a certain number of years. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Patent
  11. 11. Patent Drawing
  12. 12. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Appropriate Technology </li></ul><ul><li>is technology that is designed with special consideration to the environmental, social and economical aspects of the community it is intended for. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Plow
  14. 14. Stove
  15. 15. Baby Incubator
  16. 16. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Anything that people do to change the natural world to suit human needs and wants. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Technology?
  18. 18. Technology?
  19. 19. Technology?
  20. 20. Technology?
  21. 21. Technology?
  22. 22. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Products </li></ul><ul><li>something manufactured </li></ul>
  23. 23. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>procedure involving chemical or mechanical steps to aid in the manufacture of an item </li></ul>
  24. 24. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Unintended Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Unexpected results </li></ul>
  25. 25. Automobiles Pollution
  26. 26. Automobiles Suburbs
  27. 27. Automobiles Drive in Restaurants
  28. 28. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Optimization </li></ul><ul><li>To increase the efficiency or effectiveness of a process as much as possible </li></ul>
  29. 29. Optimization In 1914 Ford could turn out a complete chassis every 93 minutes. This was a stunning improvement over the earlier production time of 728 minutes. (12 hours)
  30. 30. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Person that creates, designs, develops, or improves technologies to meet human needs or wants. </li></ul>
  31. 31. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Industrial Designer </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Designers are a cross between an engineer and an artist. </li></ul>A Braun stereo
  32. 32. Industrial Designer
  33. 33. Industrial Designer
  34. 34. Industrial Designer
  35. 35. Industrial Designer
  36. 36. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Invention </li></ul><ul><li>An invention is a new form, composition of matter, device, or process. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Inventions Air Bags - 1973
  38. 38. Inventions 1923, with an investment of $7 for an electric fan, buckets of brine, and cakes of ice, Clarence Birdseye invented and later perfected a system of packing fresh food into waxed cardboard boxes and flash-freezing under high pressure.
  39. 39. Inventions In 1893 Alexander Graham Bell designed devices that could transmit speech electrically (the telephone).
  40. 40. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>A new device or system, based on existing technologies </li></ul>
  41. 41. Innovation Apple’s iPhone
  42. 42. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Batch Production </li></ul><ul><li>a group of items move through the production process together, a stage at a time. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Batch Production Example For example when a bakery bakes loaves of whole wheat bread, a large ball of whole wheat dough will be split into several loaves which will be spread out together on a large baking tray. The loaves on the tray will then together be cooked, wrapped and dispatched to shelves, before the bakery starts on a separate batch of, for example, crusty white bread. Note that each loaf is identical within a batch but that loaves can vary from batch to batch.
  44. 44. Batch Production
  45. 45. Batch Production Example Batch production is a very common method of organizing manufacture. Good examples include: * Production of electronic instruments
  46. 46. Batch Production Example Batch production is a very common method of organizing manufacture. Good examples include: * Fish and chip shops
  47. 47. Batch Production Example Batch production is a very common method of organizing manufacture. Good examples include: * Paint and wallpaper manufacturers
  48. 48. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>3 View Orthographic Drawing </li></ul>
  49. 49. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>3 View Orthographic Drawing </li></ul>
  50. 50. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>3 View Orthographic Drawing </li></ul>
  51. 51. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>3 View Orthographic Drawing </li></ul>
  52. 52. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Perspective Sketch </li></ul>
  53. 53. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Perspective Sketch </li></ul>
  54. 54. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Perspective Sketch </li></ul>
  55. 55. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Two View Orthographic </li></ul>
  56. 56. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Two View Orthographic </li></ul>
  57. 57. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Extrusion </li></ul><ul><li>Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile. </li></ul>
  58. 58. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Extrusion </li></ul><ul><li>A material is pushed or drawn through a die of the desired cross-section. </li></ul>Toothpaste
  59. 59. Extrusion example Rubber and plastic is formed by Extrusion
  60. 60. Extrusion example Metals can be formed by Extrusion
  61. 61. Extrusion example Metals formed by extrusion
  62. 62. Extrusion example If you have used the Play-Doh fun factory, you were extruding clay.
  63. 63. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Assembling </li></ul><ul><li>The stage of production in which components are put together into an end product. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Assembling Example Assembling Frankenstein's body
  65. 65. Assembling Example Electronic assembly line in Japan
  66. 66. Assembling Example Automotive assembly line
  67. 67. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Casting and Molding </li></ul><ul><li>A process by which a material is put into a mold while it is a liquid and allowed to solidify in the shape of the mold, usually metal or ceramic. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Casting and Molding Examples Fishing weight mold
  69. 69. Casting and Molding Examples Baking pans are a form of molding
  70. 70. Casting and Molding Examples Chocolate candies are made in a mold
  71. 71. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Any process that changes the properties of a material using heat, chemicals, or mechanical force. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Conditioning Example Priming wood for painting.
  73. 73. Conditioning Example Tire patch
  74. 74. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Finishing </li></ul><ul><li>Any final treatment done to the surface of a product to make the product more attractive to a consumer. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Finishing Example Just kidding
  76. 76. Finishing Example
  77. 77. Finishing Example
  78. 78. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Forming </li></ul><ul><li>The use of pressure or force to shape a material </li></ul>
  79. 79. Forming Example
  80. 80. Forming Example
  81. 81. Forming Example
  82. 82. - Separating Example
  83. 83. - Separating Example
  84. 84. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Assembly Line </li></ul><ul><li>An assembly line is a manufacturing process in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added to a product </li></ul>
  85. 85. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Durable Goods </li></ul><ul><li>Goods that have a lifespan of three or more years. </li></ul>
  86. 86. Durable Goods Cars
  87. 87. Durable Goods Hand tools
  88. 88. Durable Goods Oven
  89. 89. Durable Goods furniture
  90. 90. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Nondurable Goods </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactured items that usually last only short time and are disposable. </li></ul>
  91. 91. Nondurable Goods <ul><li>Plastic Silverware </li></ul>
  92. 92. Nondurable Goods <ul><li>Styrofoam Cups </li></ul>
  93. 93. Nondurable Goods <ul><li>Disposable cameras </li></ul>
  94. 94. Nondurable Goods <ul><li>Consequence </li></ul>
  95. 95. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Mass Market </li></ul><ul><li>largest group of consumers for a specified industry product </li></ul>
  96. 96. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Niche Market </li></ul><ul><li>A niche market is a focused targetable portion </li></ul>
  97. 97. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Robotics </li></ul><ul><li>A robot is a mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>or virtual artificial agent </li></ul>
  98. 98. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>System Optimization </li></ul>
  99. 99. First - Terms to Know <ul><li>Interchangeable parts </li></ul>