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Noise pollution


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Noise pollution

  2. 2. WHAT IS NOISE POLLUTION? Sound that is unwanted or disrupts one’s quality of life iscalled as noise. When there is lot of noise in theenvironment, it is termed as noise pollution. Sound becomes undesirable when it disturbs the normalactivities such as working, sleeping, and duringconversations. It is an underrated environmental problem because of thefact that we can’t see, smell, or taste it. World Health Organization stated that “Noise must berecognized as a major threat to human well-being”
  3. 3. HEALTH EFFECTS According to the USEPA, there are direct links between noiseand health. Also, noise pollution adversely affects the lives ofmillions of people. Noise pollution can damage physiological and psychologicalhealth. High blood pressure, stress related illness, sleep disruption,hearing loss, and productivity loss are the problems related tonoise pollution. It can also cause memory loss, severe depression, and panicattacks.
  4. 4. SOURCES OF NOISE POLLUTION Transportation systems are the main source of noise pollutionin urban areas. Construction of buildings, highways, and streets cause a lot ofnoise, due to the usage of air compressors, bulldozers,loaders, dump trucks, and pavement breakers. Industrial noise also adds to the already unfavorable state ofnoise pollution. Loud speakers, plumbing, boilers, generators, airconditioners, fans, and vacuum cleaners add to the existingnoise pollution.
  5. 5. SOLUTIONS FOR NOISEPOLLUTION Planting bushes and trees in and around sound generatingsources is an effective solution for noise pollution. Regular servicing and tuning of automobiles can effectivelyreduce the noise pollution. Buildings can be designed with suitable noise absorbingmaterial for the walls, windows, and ceilings. Workers should be provided with equipments such as earplugs and earmuffs for hearing protection.
  6. 6. SOLUTIONS FOR NOISEPOLLUTION Similar to automobiles, lubrication of the machinery andservicing should be done to minimize noise generation. Soundproof doors and windows can be installed to blockunwanted noise from outside. Regulations should be imposed to restrict the usage ofplay loudspeakers in crowded areas and public places. Factories and industries should be located far from theresidential areas.
  7. 7. SOLUTIONS FOR NOISEPOLLUTION Community development or urban management shouldbe done with long-term planning, along with an aim toreduce noise pollution. Social awareness programs should be taken up toeducate the public about the causes and effects of noisepollution.