The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century1660-1798<br />
The Grow of English Democracy1660 Charles the second. 1665 plague. (70 000).1666 The Great Fire.1632-1723 Architect Christopher Wren Rebuilt England.Charles study of natural science.Catholic King of France-$James II dismissed the Parliament.<br />
A Glorious Revolution<br />Mary and William (Protestants).<br />James escaped to France. (No blood-GR).<br />Bill of Rights. (Law). Parliament.<br />Democratic England.<br />Political Parties emerge.<br />1707 Queen Anne joined the realms of England and Scotland Great Britain.<br />
France an Britain were at war.<br />Changes Political factions: The Tories and the Whigs.<br />The split between Tories and Whigs would remain a basic fact of British politics for many decades.<br />Parliament (Only protestants could inherit the throne).<br />Anne signed to end the war. (1713).<br />
Anne dies in 1714, and the successor was a relative of James I.<br />A cabinet and Prime Minister<br />George I relied on minister, chosen from the Parliament.<br />Robert Walpole.<br />Cabinet- PRIME MINISTER.<br />Unification of the Cabinet government in the person of the Prime Minister.**<br />
The Transformation of Britain’s Economy.<br />Gradually democratic<br />Landlord-----laborers.<br />1700 Industry revolution. $<br />The Industrial Age Dawns<br />Inventions.<br />Eli invented the Cotton Gin.<br />Telescope by Newton.<br />Spinning and weaving of cloth.<br />
The Enlightenment<br /><ul><li>Industrial Rev. began when British inventors found practical ways to apply the ideas of Scientific Rev.
Isaac Newton (1687)</li></li></ul><li>The Enlightenment<br /><ul><li>British people wanted to understand the world, so it was the era of astronomy, physics, and chemistry.
People started analyzing and studying</li></ul> everything from a rational point of view. <br />John Locke, philosopher who brought<br /> rationalism to the study of political issues.<br />
Neoclassical Ideal<br /><ul><li>The Enlightenment thinkers based their ideas on writers of Ancient Greece and Rome like Homer and Horace. They are called neoclassical because they used classical styles.
Main characteristics of Neoclassicism:</li></ul>Frequent use of classical allusions (references to myths, gods, and ancient heroes).<br />Generalization about the world (The study of mankind)<br />Writers used satire to criticize society, but it was in a formal and inoffensive way. <br />
Literary World<br /><ul><li>Education made people able to read and to buy books. News papers appear and also publishers. The 1st copyright laws were established. </li></ul>Coffee house of the 18th Century<br />
Literary World<br />The Age of Dryden (1660-1700)<br /><ul><li>He was the official poet of king Charles II
1765 publish an acclaimed edition of Shakespeare
1779 and 1781 published his last important work The Lives of the Poets</li></li></ul><li> The Literature of Eighteenth century <br />Historical context <br />Literary Moments<br />Writer’s Techniques <br />
The Age of Reason <br />The Age of Reason looked to science to make life better for humanity. <br />The style of written change to a neoclassicism .<br />New voices were being raised ,and they no longer spoke in the clipped and polished language of rationalist neoclassicism. The 1800’s started new literary age. <br />