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  1. 2. Insomnia Melvin Hernandez English 113 Prof. Guasp
  2. 3. <ul><li>Insomnia is defined as difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep , or both, despite adequate opportunity and time to sleep, leading to impaired daytime functioning. Insomnia may be due to poor quality or quantity of sleep. </li></ul>What is insomnia?
  3. 4. What is insomnia? <ul><li>Insomnia is very common and occurs in 30% to 50% of the general population. Approximately 10% of the population may suffer from chronic (long_standing) insomnia. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Who has Insomnia? <ul><li>Insomnia is found in males and females of all age groups, although it seems to be more common in females (especially after menopause ) and in the elderly. The ability to sleep, rather than the need for sleep, appears to decrease with advancing age. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Types of Insomnia <ul><ul><li>There are two types of insomnia: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary insomnia: that a person is having sleep problems that are not directly associated with any other health condition or problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary insomnia: means that a person is having sleep problems because of something else, such as a health condition (like asthma, depression, arthritis, cancer, or heartburn); pain; medication they are taking; or a substance they are using (like alcohol). </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Acute vs. Chronic Insomnia <ul><li>Varies in how long it lasts and how often it occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be short-term (acute insomnia) . Acute insomnia can last from one night to a few weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>long time (chronic insomnia). It can also come and go, with periods of time when a person has no sleep problems . At least three nights a week for a month or longer without sleep. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Causes of Insomnia <ul><ul><li>Causes of acute insomnia can include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant life stress (job loss or change, death of a loved one, divorce, moving). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental factors like noise, light, or extreme temperatures (hot or cold) that interfere with sleep. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some medications (for example those used to treat colds, allergies, depression, high blood pressure, and asthma) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>may interfere with sleep. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Causes of insomnia <ul><li>Interferences in normal sleep schedule (jet lag or switching from a day to night shift, for example). </li></ul><ul><li>Causes of chronic insomnia include: </li></ul><ul><li>- Depression and/or anxiety. </li></ul><ul><li>- Chronic stress. </li></ul><ul><li>- Pain or discomfort at night. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional or physical discomfort. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Symptoms of Insomnia <ul><li>Symptoms of insomnia can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleepiness during the day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General tiredness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with concentration or memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty falling asleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waking up often during the night and having trouble going back to sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waking up too early in the morning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling tired upon waking </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Exams and Tests <ul><li>The doctor will begin an evaluation of insomnia with a good medical history. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor will seek to identify any medical or psychological illness that may be contributing to the patient's insomnia. </li></ul>
  11. 14. Treatment for Acute Insomnia <ul><li>Acute insomnia may not require treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Mild insomnia often can be prevented or cured by practicing good sleep habits. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid onset, short-acting medications can help you avoid effects such as drowsiness the following day. </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to lose their effectiveness over time. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Treatment for chronic insomnia <ul><li>Techniques such as relaxation exercises, sleep restriction therapy, and reconditioning may be useful. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Common Treatments for Sleep Disorders <ul><li>Ambien </li></ul><ul><li>Diphenhydramine </li></ul><ul><li>Elavil </li></ul><ul><li>Lunesta </li></ul><ul><li>Melatonin </li></ul><ul><li>Restoril </li></ul><ul><li>Rozerem </li></ul><ul><li>Sonata </li></ul><ul><li>Trazodone </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin B12 </li></ul><ul><li>More Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>More Vitamins & Supplements </li></ul>
  14. 17. Good Sleep Habits for Beating Insomnia <ul><li>GoodSleep habits, also called sleep hygiene, can help you get a good night's sleep and beat insomnia. Here are some tips: </li></ul><ul><li>Try to go to sleep at the same time each night and get up at the same time each morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol late in the day. Caffeine and nicotine are stimulants and can keep you from falling asleep. </li></ul>
  15. 18. Good sleep habits for beating insomnia <ul><li>Don't eat a heavy meal late in the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Make your bedroom comfortable. </li></ul><ul><li>Get regular exercise. Try not to exercise close to bedtime because it may stimulate you and make it hard to fall asleep. Experts suggest not exercising for at least three to four hours before the time you go to sleep. </li></ul>
  16. 19. Info about insomnia <ul><li>40 million people with sleeping disorders around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>95% go undiagnosed. </li></ul><ul><li>35 million suffer from chronic insomnia. </li></ul><ul><li>About 30 million have short term insomnia. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 5% will seek help. </li></ul><ul><li>$100 million is spent in insomnia study. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 1,500 car accident death in the 2008 around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>70% insomniacs are depressed </li></ul><ul><li>40% have anxiety issues </li></ul>
  17. 20. Famous with Insomnia <ul><li>Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac Newton </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon </li></ul>
  18. 21. Diagnosing Insomnia <ul><ul><li>If you think you have insomnia, talk to your health care provider. An evaluation may include a physical exam, a medical history, and a sleep history. You may be asked to keep a sleep diary for a week or two, keeping track of your sleep patterns and how you feel during the day. Your health care provider may want to interview your bed partner about the quantity and quality of your sleep. In some cases, you may be referred to a sleep center for special tests. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. Retrive <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>