Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Risk Assessment


Published on

An introduction into risk assessment and the risk assessment modle by Melvyn Hopkins

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Risk Assessment

  1. 1. <ul><li>RISK ASSESSMENT </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Three reasons why Risk Assessment is carried out. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Duty. </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Duty. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Duty. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Present Situation </li></ul><ul><li>1999 – 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>161 workers died </li></ul><ul><li>At least 27,563 workers suffered major injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>At least 128,889 workers suffered ‘over 3 day’ injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 2.2 million workers suffer work-related ill health. </li></ul><ul><li>About 12 million days are lost… </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The H&S at Work act 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Section 2 (1) says… </li></ul><ul><li>‘ It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety & welfare at work of all his employees’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>‘ Employers shall ensure’: </li></ul><ul><li>Safe plant & safe systems of work </li></ul><ul><li>Safe use of articles & substances </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate training & supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Safe access & egress </li></ul><ul><li>Safe working environment / welfare facilities… </li></ul><ul><li>This implies a Risk Assessment approach </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Management of H & S at work regulations 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Made under the H & S at work act 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally came into force 1/1/93, Latest edition is 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers almost all people at work… </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Act covers: </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Assessment & Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Health & Safety Management </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Management of H & S at work Regulations 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation 3: Risk Assessment: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Imposes a legal duty on employers & the self-employed to make a suitable & sufficient assessment of risks to employees & others’. </li></ul><ul><li>The findings must be recorded if >5 employees… </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Basic steps to risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the risk </li></ul><ul><li>Consider existing controls </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate (assess) the residual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Decide / implement controls </li></ul><ul><li>Record assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Risk Levels depend on: </li></ul><ul><li>Severity of the outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Likelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, </li></ul><ul><li>Risk = Severity * Likelihood </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Likelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Probable – Where it is certain or near certain that harm will occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Possible – where harm May occur </li></ul><ul><li>Remote – Where harm will Seldom occur… </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Fatal – Death or major injury / illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Major / Serious – Serious injury or ill health. E.g. People off work for 3 days or </li></ul><ul><li>more. </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Injury – Where other less serious injuries could arise & may / may not require time off work… </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Risk Assessment Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Examine hazardous work activities & list them down. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask who is exposed to the possible harm arising from the activity & how likely it is to occur. </li></ul><ul><li>If it did occur how badly would the people be injured. </li></ul><ul><li>List the current controls in place to prevent the accident. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Ask yourself ‘ is it enough?’ </li></ul><ul><li>What further action will be required to reduce the risk further </li></ul><ul><li>If further action is required, who will do it & by when… </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Simple Risk Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Likelihood Major Minor Fatal </li></ul>Very high risk High risk Medium risk Probable High risk Medium risk Low risk Possible Medium risk Low risk Low risk Trivial Remote