Functions and Disorders of the Reproductive System

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4.06 Functions and Disorders of the Reproductive System

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Functions and Disorders of the Reproductive System

  1. 1. 4.06 Understand the functionsand disorders of thereproductive system
  2. 2. Understand the functions anddisorders of thefemale reproductive system
  3. 3. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 3Essential questions What are the functions of the femalereproductive system? What are some common disorders of the femalereproductive system? How do you relate the body’s hormone control tothe female reproductive system? How do you relate the body’s use of nutrients tothe female reproductive system?
  4. 4. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 4Functions of the female reproductive system Ovary What is the function ofthe ovary? What are the ovarianhormones?
  5. 5. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 5Functions of the female reproductive system Fallopian tubes What is the function ofthe Fallopian tubes? What are fimbriae andwhat is their function?
  6. 6. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 6Functions of the female reproductive system Uterus What is the function ofthe uterus?
  7. 7. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 7Functions of the female reproductive system Cervix What is the function ofthe cervix?
  8. 8. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 8Functions of the female reproductive system Vagina Discuss three functionsof the vagina.
  9. 9. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 9Functions of the female reproductive system External genitalia Provide protection for theinternal femalereproductive organs
  10. 10. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 10Functions of the female reproductive system Mammary glands(breasts) What is an accessoryorgan? What is the function ofthe breasts?
  11. 11. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 11Functions of the female reproductive system Menstrual Cycle Usually 28 days Four stages Follicle stage Ovulation stage Corpus luteum stage Menstruation stage
  12. 12. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 12Functions of the female reproductive system Follicle stage Usually lasts about 10days Follicle-stimulating(FSH) hormone isreleased by theanterior pituitary FSH stimulates thefollicle and ovum tomature Resulting in the releaseof estrogen andpreparation of theuterine lining
  13. 13. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 13Functions of the female reproductive system Ovulation stage The pituitary stopsproducing FSH andstarts producingluteinizing hormone(LH) At day 14 in themenstrual cycle, thefollicle ruptures and theovum is released
  14. 14. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 14Functions of the female reproductive system Corpus Luteumstage Secretes progesteroneand continues to do soif the egg is fertilized,preventing furtherovulation andmaintaining the uterinelining Lasts about 14 days
  15. 15. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 15Functions of the female reproductive system Menstruation stage Final stage iffertilization of the ovahas not taken place The corpus luteumdiminishesprogesteroneproduction The uterine lining isbroken down anddischarged over thecourse of 3 to 6 days
  16. 16. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 16Functions of the female reproductive system
  17. 17. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 17Disorders of the female reproductive systemBreast cancer The leading cause ofdeath in woman betweenthe ages of 32 and 52 Treatment Chemotherapy Radiation therapy Partial or fullmastectomy Lumpectomy Life saving measures Monthly breast exams Mammogram UltrasoundNormal Abnormal
  18. 18. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 18Disorders of the female reproductive system1. Using a mirror, inspect your breastswith your arms at your sides2. Look for any changes in contour,swelling, dimpling of skin, orappearance of the nipple.3. Using the pads of your fingers, pressfirmly on your breast, checking theentire breast and armpit area.4. There are three patterns you can useto examine your breast: the circular,the up-and-down, and the wedgepatterns.5. Gently squeeze the nipple of eachbreast and report any discharge toyour doctor immediately.6. Examine both breasts lying down. Toexamine the right breast, place a pillowunder your right shoulder and placeyour right hand behind your head.Using the pads of your fingers, pressfirmly, checking the entire breast andarmpit area.12 543 6
  19. 19. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 19Disorders of the female reproductive system Cervical Cancer What is a major causeof cervical cancer? How is it diagnosed?
  20. 20. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 20Disorders of the female reproductive systemEndometriosis Discuss endometriosis. What are somesymptoms? What are some sideeffects? How is it treated?
  21. 21. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 21Disorders of the female reproductive systemMastitis What is mastitis? What causes it? How is it treated?
  22. 22. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 22Disorders of the female reproductive systemPelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Define PID. What are somecomplications of PID? How is PID treated?
  23. 23. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 23Disorders of the female reproductive systemPolycystic ovarian syndrome Define this disorder. What is the primary cause? There are many symptoms.What are the classicsymptoms? How is it treated?
  24. 24. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 24Disorders of the female reproductive systemToxic shock syndrome Define toxic shock syndrome. What causes it? What are the symptoms? How is it treated?
  25. 25. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 25Disorders of the female reproductive systemVaginal yeast infection What is the cause? How can it beprevented? How is it treated?Not a sexually transmitted illness.However, sexual partners may be infectedand need to be treated to prevent re-infection.
  26. 26. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 26Relevance of nutrients tothe female reproductive system The femalereproductive systemplays a vital role inhomeostasis Help regulate hormonalbalance and fetaldevelopment duringpregnancy
  27. 27. Understand the functionsand disorders of themale reproductive system
  28. 28. Essential questions What is the function of the male reproductive system? What are some common disorders of the malereproductive system? How do you relate the body’s hormone control to themale and female reproductive systems4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 28
  29. 29. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive systemHormone productionWhat is the male sexhormone?What does it do?Functions of the male reproductive system29
  30. 30. Function of the male reproductive systemDefine reproduction4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 30
  31. 31. Functions of the male reproductive system:Discuss the functions ofthese structures:Testes Seminiferous tubules Epididymis4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 31
  32. 32. Functions of the male reproductive systemSpermWhat is the function of thesperm?How many sperm does theaverage male have?How is this different from thefemale reproductive system?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 32
  33. 33. Functions of the male reproductive system:Discuss the functionsof these structures:Vas DeferensEjaculatory duct4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 33
  34. 34. Functions of the male reproductive system:Seminal vesiclesWhat is the function ofthe seminal vesicles?What would happen ifthis was not working?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 34
  35. 35. Functions of the male reproductive system:UrethraHow does the urethraserve the reproductivesystem?Connects with whatstructure of the urinarysystem?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 35
  36. 36. Functions of the male reproductive system:Prostate glandWhat is the function ofthe secretion producedby the prostate gland?What would happen itthis hypertrophied?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 36
  37. 37. Functions of the male reproductive system:Bulbourethral glandsAlso called Cowper’s glandWhat is the function of thesecretion produced by thebulbourethral glands?How is it important toreproduction?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 37
  38. 38. Functions of the male reproductive system:What is thereproductivefunction of thepenis?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 38
  39. 39. Disorders of the male reproductive systemand their treatmentsCryptorchidism How will someonehave this condition? What are the risks ifleft untreated? What is the treatment?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 39
  40. 40. Disorders of the male reproductive systemand their treatmentsEpididymitis What are the mostcommon causesepididymitis? What is the symptom? How is it treated?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 40
  41. 41. Disorders of the male reproductive system andtheir treatmentsErectile DysfunctionAlso known as impotenceFailure of the penis tobecome rigid enough forintercourse to occur.How is it treated?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 41
  42. 42. Disorders of the male reproductive systemand their treatmentsBenign prostatichypertrophy (BPH) What are the usualsymptoms? Who is most likely todevelop BPH? How is it treated?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 42
  43. 43. Disorders of the male reproductive systemand their treatmentsProstate cancer What age group ismost susceptible toprostate cancer? How is it treated?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 43
  44. 44. Disorders of the male reproductive system andtheir treatmentsTesticular cancer What the risk factorsfor developingtesticular cancer? What are the mostlikely symptoms?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 44
  45. 45. Disorders of the male reproductive system andtheir treatments4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 45Testicular self-examinationTesticular self-examination is an examination of thetesticles. The testicles (also called the testes) are the malereproductive organs that produce sperm and the hormonetestosterone. They are located in the scrotum under thepenis.Perform this test during or after a shower. This way, thescrotal skin is warm and relaxed. Its best to do the testwhile standing.
  46. 46. Disorders of the male reproductive system andtheir treatments4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 46Testicular self-examination 1.Gently feel your scrotal sac to locate a testicle. 2.Hold the testicle with one hand while firmly but gently rolling thefingers of the other hand over the testicle to examine the entiresurface. 3.Repeat the procedure with the other testicle.You may perform a testicular self-exam every month if you have any ofthe following risk factors:•Family history of testicular cancer•Past testicular tumor•Undescended testicle•You are a teenager or young adult
  47. 47. Reproductive process: conception4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 47
  48. 48. Reproductive processConception-when the sperm andthe egg unite-pregnancy occurs4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 48
  49. 49. Reproductive process: fertilization Discuss the processof conception.4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 49
  50. 50. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 50Functions of the female reproductive systemPregnancy Define pregnancy What is the humangestational period? Terms to remember: Embryo 1-8 weeks Fetus 9-40 weeks Newborn At birth
  51. 51. Reproductive process: fetal development 6-8 weeks 12-14 weeks 17-19 weeks 5-6 months4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 51
  52. 52. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 52Functions of the female reproductive systemLabor Dilation stage The uterine smoothmuscle begins tocontract Contractions move thefetus down the uterusand cause the cervix todilate The cervix is completelydilated at 10 centimeters
  53. 53. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 53Functions of the female reproductive system Placental stage The last stage of labor Also known as afterbirth Delivered due to finaluterine contractions
  54. 54. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 54Functions of the female reproductive system Expulsion stage The baby is actuallydelivered Natural Cesarean
  55. 55. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 55Disorders of the female reproductive systemEctopic pregnancy What does ectopicmean? What are somesymptoms of ectopicpregnancy? What is the mostcommon treatmentoption? What are the riskfactors?
  56. 56. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 56Disorders of the female reproductive systemPostpartum depression New mothers often feelrestless, anxious, fatigued andworthless Some new moms worry theywill hurt themselves or theirbabies Unlike the "baby blues,"postpartum depression doesnot go away quickly
  57. 57. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 57Disorders of the female reproductive systemInfertility Unable to becomepregnant after a year oftrying If a woman keeps havingspontaneous abortions, itis also called infertility
  58. 58. Disorders of the male reproductive systemInfertility Failure for pregnancy tooccur after one year oftrying to conceive Discuss the causes ofinfertility in the male. What are some treatmentoptions?4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 58
  59. 59. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 59Reproductive process: Female contraceptionAbstinenceSterilization Tubal ligationBarrier methods Female condom Spermicides Diaphragm Cervical cap Contraceptive spongeHormonal Methods Birth Control Pills Depo-Provera Lunelle NuvaRing/Vaginal Ring Ortho Evra Patch/BirthControl Patch Intrauterine Device (IUD)
  60. 60. Reproductive process: male contraceptionAbstinenceVasectomy Vas / ectomy PermanentCondomsCompare the benefits andconcerns with each form ofmale contraception.4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 60
  61. 61. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 61Sexually transmitted infections Chlamydia Genital warts Gonorrhea Herpes HIV Syphilis TrichomonasEffects females and males.May or may not present symptoms.May or may not have a cure!
  62. 62. 4.06 Understand the functions and disordersof the reproductive system 62Essential questions What are the functions of the female reproductivesystem? What are some common disorders of the femalereproductive system? What is the function of the male reproductive system? What are some common disorders of the malereproductive system? How do the male and female reproductive systemwork together? How do you relate the body’s hormone control to themale and female reproductive systems?

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