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Functions and disorders of the Integumentary System

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Functions and disorders of the Integumentary System

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Functions and disorders of the Integumentary System

  1. 1. Essential Questions: What are the functions of the integumentary system? What are some disorders of the integumentarysystem? How are integumentary system disorders treated? How do you relate the integumentary system to thebody’s communication systems?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 2
  2. 2. Functions of theintegumentary systemWhat are the seven functionsof the skin?1- Absorption2- Excretion3- Production4- Protection5- Regulation6- Perception7-Storage3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 34
  3. 3. Functions of theintegumentary system Epidermis 4 cell types Kerotinocytes Merkel cells Melanocytes Langerhans cells 5 layers Stratum corneum Stratum lucidum Stratum granulosum Stratum spinosum Stratum germinativum/Stratum basale Function of Epidermis3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 4
  4. 4. Functions of theintegumentary system Epidermis Why are some people dark and others fair? Can that be changed?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 5
  5. 5. Functions of the integumentarysystemDermisConnective tissueCollagen tissue bandsElastic fibers (where blood vessels pass)Nerve endingsMusclesHair folliclesOil glandsSweat glandsFat cells3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 6
  6. 6. Functions of theintegumentary system Subcutaneouslayer Hypodermal layerHypo- dermal What are the benefits ofthe subcutaneous layerof skin?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 7
  7. 7. Functions of theintegumentary system Hair What is the function ofhair? What factors influencehair type and color? What happens to yourhair when you are cold?Why?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 8
  8. 8. Functions of theintegumentary system Nails Not just a pretty color! What does the condition ofa person’s nails tell abouttheir general health?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 9
  9. 9. Functions of theintegumentary system Glands Sudoriferous glands Why does sweat smellbad? Sebaceous glands3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 10Pimple
  10. 10. Functions of theintegumentary system What are the functionsof the skin? What structures areinvolved in thesefunctions?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 114review
  11. 11. Functions of theintegumentary systemThe skin has remarkableability to heal itself.How does this happen?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 12
  12. 12. Disorders of theintegumentary systemAcne vulgaris: What is acne vulgaris? How is it treated? Can it be prevented?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 13
  13. 13. Disorders of theintegumentary systemAthlete’s foot What causes athlete’sfoot? Does everyone havethe same symptoms? How is it treated?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 14
  14. 14. Disorders of theintegumentary systemBurns: First-degree Second-degree Third-degree3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 15
  15. 15. Disorders of theintegumentary systemBurns: First-degree3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 16
  16. 16. Disorders of theintegumentary systemBurns: Second degree3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 17
  17. 17. Disorders of theintegumentary systemBurns: Third-degree3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 18
  18. 18. Disorders of theintegumentary systemBurns: Compare thedifferentdegrees ofburns.3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 19
  19. 19. Disorders of theintegumentary systemBurns:Rule of Nines Used to quicklyassess percentageof body surfaceburned. Can be used todetermine extent oftreatment needed.3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 20
  20. 20. Disorders of theintegumentary systemDermatitis/Eczema dermat- -itis What is dermatitis? What is eczema? How are they different? What is the treatment?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 21
  21. 21. Disorders of theintegumentary systemHerpesHerpes simplex virus Two types of HSV: HSV type 1 HSV type 2 What are the symptoms? How is it spread? What is the prognosis?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 22
  22. 22. Disorders of theintegumentary systemImpetigo What two bacteriacause impetigo? How is it treated?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 23
  23. 23. Disorders of theintegumentary systemPsoriasis Describe thispicture What is thetreatment?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 24
  24. 24. Disorders of theintegumentary systemRingworm How is it spread? What causes ringworm? How is it treated?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 25Two examples of ringwormHow would this be diagnosed?
  25. 25. Disorders of theintegumentary systemScabies What is the cause ofscabies? Is it contagious? How is it treated? How is it prevented?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 26
  26. 26. Disorders of theintegumentary systemShingles What is the cause ofshingles? Who is most at risk? How is it prevented?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 27
  27. 27. Disorders of theintegumentary systemSkin cancer What are the risk factors fordeveloping skin cancer? How can it be prevented? Three types: Basal cell carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Malignant melanoma3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 28
  28. 28. Disorders of theintegumentary systemSkin cancerBasal cell carcinoma What is distinctiveabout this type of skincancer? Where does it usuallyform?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 29
  29. 29. Disorders of theintegumentary systemSkin CancerSquamous cellcarcinoma How is squamous cellcarcinoma different frombasil cell carcinoma?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 30
  30. 30. Disorders of theintegumentary systemSkin cancerMalignant melanoma How is malignantmelanoma different fromthe other skin cancers? How are skin cancerstreated?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 31
  31. 31. Disorders of theintegumentary systemSkin lesions:Discuss thecharacteristics of thedifferent skin lesions.3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 32
  32. 32. Disorders of theintegumentary systemSkin lesions:Compare these types of skin lesions.MaculePapulePustule3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 33VesicleUlcer
  33. 33. Disorders of theintegumentary systemSkin lesion:Decubitus ulcer What is an ulcer? What are decubitusulcers? How can they beprevented? How are they treated?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 34
  34. 34. Disorders of theintegumentary systemwarts What causes warts? Are they contagious? Can they be prevented?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 35There are many different types!
  35. 35. Essential Questions: What are the functions of the integumentary system? What are some disorders of the integumentarysystem? How are integumentary system disorders treated? How do you relate the integumentary system to thebody’s communication systems?3.06: Understand the functions and disorders ofthe integumentary system 36

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