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JJuussttiinn TTuurrlliipp 
MMEELLNNHHEE RREEUU SSuummmmeerr 22001144 
NNYYUU ‘‘1155
HHaappppyy TTrreeeess hhaavvee CCaa!! 
AAnn iinntteeggrraall nnuuttrriieenntt iinn ffoorreesstteedd eeccoossyysstteemmss 
MMaaiinnttaaiinnss ssttrruuccttuurraall iinntteeggrriittyy aanndd hheellppss 
pphhyyssiioollooggiiccaall ffuunnccttiioonn ooff ttrreeeess 
--ssttoommaattaall rreegguullaattiioonn,, cceellll ddiivviissiioonn aanndd 
mmoorree 
AAcciidd rraaiinn iinn NNoorrtthheerrnn HHaarrddwwoooodd FFoorreessttss 
oovveerr tthhee llaasstt 6600 yyeeaarrss ((LLiikkeennss aanndd BBoorrmmaann 112244)).. 
CCaallcciiuumm lleeaacchheess ffrroomm tthhee ssooiill aatt aa nneett lloossss ffoorr 
tthhee eeccoossyysstteemm 
--CCaallcciiuumm bbeeccoommeess aa lliimmiittiinngg nnuuttrriieenntt
HHuubbbbaarrdd BBrrooookk 11999999 
WWhhoollee wwaatteerrsshheedd aaddddiittiioonn ooff 
wwoollllaassttoonniittee ((CCaaSSiiOO33)) iinn 
WWaatteerrsshheedd 11 
--ttoo bbrriinngg CCaa ccoonncceennttrraattiioonn ttoo pprree-- 
iinndduussttrriiaall lleevveellss 
((11,,000000kkgg CCaa//hheeccttaarree)) ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133))
HHuubbbbaarrddBBrrooookk CCaaSSiiOO33 AAddddiittiioonn RReessuullttss 
FFrroomm 11999999 uunnttiill 22000022,, 
ttrraannssppiirraattiioonn aanndd pprriimmaarryy 
pprroodduuccttiivviittyy iinnccrreeaasseedd iinn 
WWaatteerrsshheedd 11 ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) 
IInn 22000022,, ttrraannssppiirraattiioonn bbeeggaann 
ttoo ddeeccrreeaassee iinn WWaatteerrsshheedd 11 ttoo 
pprree--11999999 lleevveellss ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) 
sshhoorrtt--tteerrmm rraappiidd ggrroowwtthh 
---- --xxyylleemm aanndd rroooott ggrroowwtthh 
((eennhhaanncceedd wwaatteerr ttrraannssppoorrtt 
aanndd iinnccrreeaasseedd pprroodduuccttiivviittyy)) 
((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) 
LLoonngg--tteerrmm iinnccrreeaasseedd ssttoommaattaall 
eeffffiicciieennccyy?? ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) 
Not well understood!
22001111 MMEELLNNHHEE CCaaSSii AAddddiittiioonn 
WWoollllaassttoonniittee aaddddiittiioonn iinn 55 pplloottss ooff 
eexxppeerriimmeennttaall ssttaannddss iinn tthhee WWhhiittee 
MMoouunnttaaiinnss,, NNHH.. 
BBaarrttlleetttt EExxppeerriimmeennttaall FFoorreesstt ((CC11,, CC66,, CC88)) 
JJeeffffeerrss BBrrooookk ((JJBBOO,, JJBBMM)) 
HHuubbbbaarrdd BBrrooookk ((HHBBoo)) 
AAtttteemmpptt ttoo bbeetttteerr uunnddeerrssttaanndd hhooww CCaaSSiiOO33 
aaffffeeccttss eevvaappoottrraannssppiirraattiioonn aanndd pprroodduuccttiivviittyy
MMeetthhooddss 
SSaammppllee ssooiill mmooiissttuurree iinn aallll CCaaSSii pplloottss aanndd 
ccoorrrreessppoonnddiinngg ccoonnttrrooll pplloottss aatt 33 ddeepptthhss ((1100ccmm,, 3300ccmm,, 
5500ccmm)) 
--ccoommppaarree ssooiill mmooiissttuurree ffoorr lleeaaff 
oonn vvss lleeaaff ooffff ffoorr eeaacchh pplloott ttoo sshhooww wwaatteerr uussee bbyy ppllaannttss 
IInnssttrruummeennttss 
--EECC--55 ssooiill mmooiissttuurree pprroobbeess 
--DDeeccaaggoonn EEMM--5500 ddaattaallooggggeerrss
HHyyppootthheessiiss 
SSooiill mmooiissttuurree wwiillll bbee lloowweerr iinn wwoollllaassttoonniittee pplloottss 
tthhaann ccoorrrreessppoonnddiinngg ccoonnttrrooll pplloottss wwhheenn tthheerree aarree 
lleeaavveess oonn tthhee ttrreeeess
RReessuullttss 
OOnnllyy CC66 ((3300ccmm)),, HHBBoo ((1100ccmm)) aanndd 
HHBBoo ((5500ccmm)) hhaadd uussaabbllee ddaattaa 
--CC11CCaa bbaatttteerriieess hhaadd ddiieedd sshhoorrttllyy 
aafftteerr llaasstt yyeeaarr’’ss HHuubbbbaarrdd 
BBrrooookkMMeeeettiinngg 
--CC88 ccoonnttrrooll’’ss sseennssoorrss hhaadd bbeeeenn 
rreemmoovveedd pprriioorr ttoo ddaattaa ccoolllleeccttiioonn 
--JJeeffffeerrss BBrrooookk ddaattaa ssttiillll bbeeiinngg 
aannaallyyzzeedd 
--vvaarriioouuss sseennssoorr ccoorrddss hhaadd bbeeeenn 
ddiissccoonnnneecctteedd dduuee ttoo ffrreeeezzee aanndd 
tthhaaww
HBo at 10cm HBo at 50cm 
}7yy 
C6 at 30cm 
Legend 
Soil moisture in the control 
Soil moisture in CaSiO3 
Soil moisture in CaSiO3 
Soil moisture in the control 
Soil moisture in the control 
Soil moisture in CaSiO3
DDiissccuussssiioonn 
CC66 ((3300ccmm)) aannaallyyssiiss ssuuggggeessttss tthhaatt iitt wwaass ddrriieerr iinn tthhee 
wwoollllaassttoonniittee pplloott dduurriinngg tthhee lleeaaff oonn ppeerriioodd 
HHoowweevveerr,, HHBBoo ssuuggggeessttss tthhaatt iitt iiss wweetttteerr iinn tthhee 
wwoollllaassttoonniittee pplloott dduurriinngg tthhee lleeaaff oonn ppeerriioodd.. 
--TThheerree ccoouulldd bbee mmaannyy ootthheerr vvaarriiaabblleess iinn eeffffeecctt,, 
lliikkee ddiiffffeerriinngg hhyyddrroollooggyy bbeettwweeeenn eexxppeerriimmeennttaall 
aanndd ccoonnttrrooll pplloottss 
--HHBBoo mmaayy ssiimmppllyy bbee ffuurrtthheerr aalloonngg tthhee ttiimmeelliinnee ooff 
ttrreeaattmmeenntt rreessuullttss tthhaatt tthhee ‘‘9999 HHBBEEFF eexxppeerriimmeenntt 
ssuuggggeessttss
IInn SSuummmmaarryy…… 
 OOnnee ddaattaasseett,, CC66 ((3300ccmm)),, sshhoowweedd tthhiiss wwiitthh ssttaattiissttiiccaall ssiiggnniiffiiccaannccee 
--1999999--200002 ppeerriioodd ssooiill ddrryynneessss?? 
 HHBBoo sshhoowweedd ddrriieerr ssooiill wwiitthh wwoollllaassttoonniittee,, tthhoouugghh wwiitthh lleessss ssttaattiissttiiccaall 
ssiiggnniiffiiccaannccee 
--ppoosstt 200002 ppeerriioodd ssooiill wweettnneessss?? 
-We added wollastonite plots to 
the MELNHE Project to see if 
wollastonite causes increased 
evapotranspiration and lower soil 
moisture
CCuurrrreenntt WWoorrkk aanndd FFuuttuurree PPllaannss 
CCoommpplleettee cchhaarraacctteerriizzaattiioonn ooff ssooiill ddeepptthhss ffoorr ttoottaall 
ppoorroossiittyy aanndd ffiieelldd ccaappaacciittyy
CCuurrrreenntt WWoorrkk aanndd FFuuttuurree 
PPllaannss 
TTrroouubblleesshhoooott sseennssoorrss iinn ccuurrrreenntt pplloottss 
--WWhhyy iiss tthhee JJBBOO ccaallcciiuumm llooggggeerr aa bbrriicckk wwiitthh lliigghhttss???? 
AAdddd mmoorree sseennssoorrss ttoo eeaacchh pplloott 
AAdddd mmooiissttuurree sseennssoorrss ttoo oouurr ootthheerr eexxppeerriimmeennttaall 
pplloottss ((nniittrrooggeenn,, pphhoosspphhoorroouuss,, NN++PP))
NNeeww llooggggeerr iinn CC88 ccoonnttrrooll!!
SSppeecciiaall TThhaannkkss TToo:: 
References 
Green, Mark B., et al. "Decreased water flowing from a forest amended with calcium silicate." Proceedings 
of the National Academy of Sciences 110.15 (2013): 5999-6003. 
Hamburg, Steven P., et al. "Biotic control of calcium cycling in northern hardwood forests: acid rain and 
aging forests." Ecosystems 6.4 (2003): 399-406. 
Likens, Gene E., and Frederick Herbert Bormann. Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem. New York: 
Springer, 1994. Print. 
Images 
•https://img1.etsystatic.com/000/0/5537046/il_570xN.79940185.jpg 
•http://www.esf.edu/melnhe/images/ROA_Report_img_0.jpg 
•http://www.hubbardbrook.org/6-12_education/Images/PelletsOnGround.jpg 
•http://www.decagon.com.br/assets/Images/Product-Images/Data-Loggers-and-collectors/Em50.jpg 
•http://www.ictinternational.com/content/uploads/2014/03/ec5-02.jpg

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Justins turlip soil moisture REUcon

  • 1. JJuussttiinn TTuurrlliipp MMEELLNNHHEE RREEUU SSuummmmeerr 22001144 NNYYUU ‘‘1155
  • 2. HHaappppyy TTrreeeess hhaavvee CCaa!! AAnn iinntteeggrraall nnuuttrriieenntt iinn ffoorreesstteedd eeccoossyysstteemmss MMaaiinnttaaiinnss ssttrruuccttuurraall iinntteeggrriittyy aanndd hheellppss pphhyyssiioollooggiiccaall ffuunnccttiioonn ooff ttrreeeess --ssttoommaattaall rreegguullaattiioonn,, cceellll ddiivviissiioonn aanndd mmoorree AAcciidd rraaiinn iinn NNoorrtthheerrnn HHaarrddwwoooodd FFoorreessttss oovveerr tthhee llaasstt 6600 yyeeaarrss ((LLiikkeennss aanndd BBoorrmmaann 112244)).. CCaallcciiuumm lleeaacchheess ffrroomm tthhee ssooiill aatt aa nneett lloossss ffoorr tthhee eeccoossyysstteemm --CCaallcciiuumm bbeeccoommeess aa lliimmiittiinngg nnuuttrriieenntt
  • 3. HHuubbbbaarrdd BBrrooookk 11999999 WWhhoollee wwaatteerrsshheedd aaddddiittiioonn ooff wwoollllaassttoonniittee ((CCaaSSiiOO33)) iinn WWaatteerrsshheedd 11 --ttoo bbrriinngg CCaa ccoonncceennttrraattiioonn ttoo pprree-- iinndduussttrriiaall lleevveellss ((11,,000000kkgg CCaa//hheeccttaarree)) ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133))
  • 4. HHuubbbbaarrddBBrrooookk CCaaSSiiOO33 AAddddiittiioonn RReessuullttss FFrroomm 11999999 uunnttiill 22000022,, ttrraannssppiirraattiioonn aanndd pprriimmaarryy pprroodduuccttiivviittyy iinnccrreeaasseedd iinn WWaatteerrsshheedd 11 ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) IInn 22000022,, ttrraannssppiirraattiioonn bbeeggaann ttoo ddeeccrreeaassee iinn WWaatteerrsshheedd 11 ttoo pprree--11999999 lleevveellss ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) sshhoorrtt--tteerrmm rraappiidd ggrroowwtthh ---- --xxyylleemm aanndd rroooott ggrroowwtthh ((eennhhaanncceedd wwaatteerr ttrraannssppoorrtt aanndd iinnccrreeaasseedd pprroodduuccttiivviittyy)) ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) LLoonngg--tteerrmm iinnccrreeaasseedd ssttoommaattaall eeffffiicciieennccyy?? ((GGrreeeenn eett aall 22001133)) Not well understood!
  • 5. 22001111 MMEELLNNHHEE CCaaSSii AAddddiittiioonn WWoollllaassttoonniittee aaddddiittiioonn iinn 55 pplloottss ooff eexxppeerriimmeennttaall ssttaannddss iinn tthhee WWhhiittee MMoouunnttaaiinnss,, NNHH.. BBaarrttlleetttt EExxppeerriimmeennttaall FFoorreesstt ((CC11,, CC66,, CC88)) JJeeffffeerrss BBrrooookk ((JJBBOO,, JJBBMM)) HHuubbbbaarrdd BBrrooookk ((HHBBoo)) AAtttteemmpptt ttoo bbeetttteerr uunnddeerrssttaanndd hhooww CCaaSSiiOO33 aaffffeeccttss eevvaappoottrraannssppiirraattiioonn aanndd pprroodduuccttiivviittyy
  • 6. MMeetthhooddss SSaammppllee ssooiill mmooiissttuurree iinn aallll CCaaSSii pplloottss aanndd ccoorrrreessppoonnddiinngg ccoonnttrrooll pplloottss aatt 33 ddeepptthhss ((1100ccmm,, 3300ccmm,, 5500ccmm)) --ccoommppaarree ssooiill mmooiissttuurree ffoorr lleeaaff oonn vvss lleeaaff ooffff ffoorr eeaacchh pplloott ttoo sshhooww wwaatteerr uussee bbyy ppllaannttss IInnssttrruummeennttss --EECC--55 ssooiill mmooiissttuurree pprroobbeess --DDeeccaaggoonn EEMM--5500 ddaattaallooggggeerrss
  • 7. HHyyppootthheessiiss SSooiill mmooiissttuurree wwiillll bbee lloowweerr iinn wwoollllaassttoonniittee pplloottss tthhaann ccoorrrreessppoonnddiinngg ccoonnttrrooll pplloottss wwhheenn tthheerree aarree lleeaavveess oonn tthhee ttrreeeess
  • 8. RReessuullttss OOnnllyy CC66 ((3300ccmm)),, HHBBoo ((1100ccmm)) aanndd HHBBoo ((5500ccmm)) hhaadd uussaabbllee ddaattaa --CC11CCaa bbaatttteerriieess hhaadd ddiieedd sshhoorrttllyy aafftteerr llaasstt yyeeaarr’’ss HHuubbbbaarrdd BBrrooookkMMeeeettiinngg --CC88 ccoonnttrrooll’’ss sseennssoorrss hhaadd bbeeeenn rreemmoovveedd pprriioorr ttoo ddaattaa ccoolllleeccttiioonn --JJeeffffeerrss BBrrooookk ddaattaa ssttiillll bbeeiinngg aannaallyyzzeedd --vvaarriioouuss sseennssoorr ccoorrddss hhaadd bbeeeenn ddiissccoonnnneecctteedd dduuee ttoo ffrreeeezzee aanndd tthhaaww
  • 9.
  • 10. HBo at 10cm HBo at 50cm }7yy C6 at 30cm Legend Soil moisture in the control Soil moisture in CaSiO3 Soil moisture in CaSiO3 Soil moisture in the control Soil moisture in the control Soil moisture in CaSiO3
  • 11. DDiissccuussssiioonn CC66 ((3300ccmm)) aannaallyyssiiss ssuuggggeessttss tthhaatt iitt wwaass ddrriieerr iinn tthhee wwoollllaassttoonniittee pplloott dduurriinngg tthhee lleeaaff oonn ppeerriioodd HHoowweevveerr,, HHBBoo ssuuggggeessttss tthhaatt iitt iiss wweetttteerr iinn tthhee wwoollllaassttoonniittee pplloott dduurriinngg tthhee lleeaaff oonn ppeerriioodd.. --TThheerree ccoouulldd bbee mmaannyy ootthheerr vvaarriiaabblleess iinn eeffffeecctt,, lliikkee ddiiffffeerriinngg hhyyddrroollooggyy bbeettwweeeenn eexxppeerriimmeennttaall aanndd ccoonnttrrooll pplloottss --HHBBoo mmaayy ssiimmppllyy bbee ffuurrtthheerr aalloonngg tthhee ttiimmeelliinnee ooff ttrreeaattmmeenntt rreessuullttss tthhaatt tthhee ‘‘9999 HHBBEEFF eexxppeerriimmeenntt ssuuggggeessttss
  • 12. IInn SSuummmmaarryy……  OOnnee ddaattaasseett,, CC66 ((3300ccmm)),, sshhoowweedd tthhiiss wwiitthh ssttaattiissttiiccaall ssiiggnniiffiiccaannccee --1999999--200002 ppeerriioodd ssooiill ddrryynneessss??  HHBBoo sshhoowweedd ddrriieerr ssooiill wwiitthh wwoollllaassttoonniittee,, tthhoouugghh wwiitthh lleessss ssttaattiissttiiccaall ssiiggnniiffiiccaannccee --ppoosstt 200002 ppeerriioodd ssooiill wweettnneessss?? -We added wollastonite plots to the MELNHE Project to see if wollastonite causes increased evapotranspiration and lower soil moisture
  • 13. CCuurrrreenntt WWoorrkk aanndd FFuuttuurree PPllaannss CCoommpplleettee cchhaarraacctteerriizzaattiioonn ooff ssooiill ddeepptthhss ffoorr ttoottaall ppoorroossiittyy aanndd ffiieelldd ccaappaacciittyy
  • 14. CCuurrrreenntt WWoorrkk aanndd FFuuttuurree PPllaannss TTrroouubblleesshhoooott sseennssoorrss iinn ccuurrrreenntt pplloottss --WWhhyy iiss tthhee JJBBOO ccaallcciiuumm llooggggeerr aa bbrriicckk wwiitthh lliigghhttss???? AAdddd mmoorree sseennssoorrss ttoo eeaacchh pplloott AAdddd mmooiissttuurree sseennssoorrss ttoo oouurr ootthheerr eexxppeerriimmeennttaall pplloottss ((nniittrrooggeenn,, pphhoosspphhoorroouuss,, NN++PP))
  • 15. NNeeww llooggggeerr iinn CC88 ccoonnttrrooll!!
  • 16. SSppeecciiaall TThhaannkkss TToo:: References Green, Mark B., et al. "Decreased water flowing from a forest amended with calcium silicate." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110.15 (2013): 5999-6003. Hamburg, Steven P., et al. "Biotic control of calcium cycling in northern hardwood forests: acid rain and aging forests." Ecosystems 6.4 (2003): 399-406. Likens, Gene E., and Frederick Herbert Bormann. Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem. New York: Springer, 1994. Print. Images •https://img1.etsystatic.com/000/0/5537046/il_570xN.79940185.jpg •http://www.esf.edu/melnhe/images/ROA_Report_img_0.jpg •http://www.hubbardbrook.org/6-12_education/Images/PelletsOnGround.jpg •http://www.decagon.com.br/assets/Images/Product-Images/Data-Loggers-and-collectors/Em50.jpg •http://www.ictinternational.com/content/uploads/2014/03/ec5-02.jpg