public speaking chapter 2

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public speaking chapter 2

  1. 1. PUBLIC SPEAKING CHAPTER 2 DETERMINE YOUR PURPOSE AND SUBJECT GROUP : IV MAILIA ROZA MELLISA NELLI SRI MUTIARA PERMATA GUSVI LECTURER: Sutria Rahayu,S.Pd SEKOLAH TINGGI KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN YAYASAN DHARMA BHAKTI LU BUK ALUNG 2013
  2. 2. A. SELECTING SUBJECT Once you clearly understand the general purpose of your speech, you are ready to choose a subject. Decision should be based on a number of consideration. 1. Is the subject suited to my purpose? 2. Is the subject interesting to me? 3. Am I qualified to speak on this subject? 4. Will my audience find this subject interesting? 5. Will my audience find this subject useful? 6. Is my subject sufficiently restricted?
  3. 3. 1.Is the subject suited to my purpose? Suppose you are asked to deliver a speech whose general purpose is to inform.
  4. 4. 2.Is my subject interesting to me? Whenever possible choose a subject you find interesting . Enthusiasm is a key factor to successful speaking. If you talk enthusiastically about something , this enthusiasm is bound to rub off on your audience
  5. 5. 3. Am I qualified to speak on this subject? • If your interest is recent, you might lack sufficient knowledge or experience to prepare the subject effectively. In some cases it might be better to select a subject with which you are more familiar
  6. 6. 4.Will my audience find this subject interesting? An affective way to do this is to used attention factors ; humor ,novelty suspense ,and the like
  7. 7. 5.Will my audience find this subject useful? • People will willingly pay attention to a communication if they expect to gain something useful from doing so.
  8. 8. 6.Is my subject sufficiently restricted? Many beginning speakers try to cover too much in the time available to them. It is far better to deal with a restricted subject in detail than to cover too many points.
  9. 9. Specific purpose After you have chosen your subject in accordance with the considerations above, you are ready to formulate a specific purpose. Earlier I classified the general purposes for speaking : to entertain, to inform; and persuade .
  10. 10. 1. General purpose: to entertain 2. General purpose: to inform 3. General purpose: to persuade
  11. 11. THE CENTRAL IDEA Central idea as a complete sentence will help you plan your communication more effectively.
  12. 12. “Bye _ Bye”

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