Lesson 3: Objective Scientific news can be very complex and science journalists need to convey accurate information to their audience in a concise and comprehensive format. Inthis homework assignment, students will examine how the communication of scientific information between scientists and reporters can later be misconstrued or misreported, and how journalists and scientists can work together to communicate more effectively.
What is a Science Journalist? Science as a news topic is completely different from sports, political or economic news, but it’s often intertwined with one of the former. Science news is not immediate and it cannot be easily confirmed. So how can journalists produce accurate, meaningful reports of important scientific news without explicit data or evidence to back it up? Read the following: Skeptical of Science – Columbia Journalism Review
In journalism, we’re taught to double- check everything and that it’s usually a better decision not to run a story than get something wrong. In science journalism, reports are sometimes revolutionary and require immediate publication, but in many cases, some statistics, or even entire discoveries, could be inaccurate or unsupported.
Read the following: Reuters.com – Particles Break Speed of Light WashingtonPost.com – Revolution or Mistake? SymmetryMagazine.com – Scientists still seek explanationAnd consider these questions while reading: How did the scientists who made the discovery report the accuracy of the test? Were they skeptical of their own findings? How did the journalists covering the story report the news of the discovery? Were they skeptical of the scientific reports? Can we really fault scientists for misreporting information that hasn’t been extensively tested? Can we fault science journalists for reporting unfounded news when it could potentially change scientific thought?
According to Janet D. Stemwedel, of Scientific American, all scientists shouldbe able to present the following, if their work is credible: Here’s my hypothesis. Here’s what you’d expect to observe if the hypothesis is true. Here, on the other hand, is what you’d expect to observe if the hypothesis is false. Here’s what we actually observed (and here are the steps we took to control the other variables). Here’s what we can say (and with what degree of certainty) about the hypothesis in the light of these results. Here’s the next study we’d like to do to be even more sure. Here are the results of which we’re aware (published and unpublished) that might undermine our findings. Here’s how we have taken their criticisms (or implied criticisms) seriously in evaluating our own results.
Science News: Journalists vs.Bloggers The credibility of science news is especially important and the downfall of print journalism, along with the rise of the internet, has produced a new type of reporter: the news blogger. Science journalism has seen a definite rise in science bloggers and the line between credible news sources is often blurred because of this. Read the following: Defining the Journalism vs. Blogging Debate
Credibility of Science News After what you’ve just read, which news medium do you think is the most reliable/accurate source for science news? Local Daily News – ___% Social Media – ___% Blogs – ___% Major News Networks (i.e. Fox, CNN, MSNBC) – ___% Non-Profit/Non-Governmental Organizations – ___% Government Press Releases – ___% Magazines – ___%
Homework Assignment Look for Science News websites and publications online or at your local library. From those, choose five scientific reports, articles, or videos and evaluate each one using this New York Times rubric. Consider the questions that scientists should be able to answer when publishing a report. You will turn in your five evaluations next class.