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Learning From Egypt

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Internet Connectivity After A "KIll Switch" Is Implemented

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Learning From Egypt

  1. 1. Learning From Egypt Internet Connectivity After A "KIll Switch" Is Implemented This presentation is copyright of Indiana Christian Emergency Network - © Indiana Christian Emergency Network 2011. All rights reserved. Author: Melanie Reed, FHL IT Director
  2. 2. Disaster Scenario: Countrywide Internet Blackout <ul><ul><li>On Jan 25: First unconfirmed report:  http://twitter.com/Alshaheeed/status/30773674487320576 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Jan 26: Egyptian government blocked social media going out of the country (Facebook, Twitter) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Jan 27: Egyptian government continued to block points of Internet connectivity.  News agencies not first aware. But technologists knew.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Friday, Jan 28: Complete country wide blackout .  </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Initial Reports: Interpreting From Non-Connectivity <ul><ul><li>ReadWriteWeb and Mashable:  First official report   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  http://mashable.com/2011/01/27/egypt-protests/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Al Jeezera TV down: http://english.aljazeera.net/watch_now/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloggers Outside Country Begin To Help: Known Operational IP Address   &quot;Holes&quot; are discovered in the blackout coverage. How long they will remain open: unknown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.renesys.com/blog/2011/01/egypt-leaves-the-internet.shtml </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jeff Jarvis tweets : &quot;A government is now known as a 'single point of failure'&quot;. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter begins trending #Egypt, #Egyptian, #Egipto with call outs from around the world.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ham Operators are called out to help on Twitter:   As internet is shut down, ham radio operators called to the front of the   #Cyberwar http://pastebin.com/fHHBqZ7Q   #Egypt   #Cairo   #Jan25   #OpEgypt   This presentation is copyright of Indiana Christian Emergency Network - © Indiana Christian Emergency Network 2011. All rights reserved. Author: Melanie Reed, FHL IT Director </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Counter Measures: Finding A Way Around the System <ul><ul><li>Took 2 days to shut down entire country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for and use 'holes' in the system: IP Address ranges still up. Ex:  BG Table Lookup Tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ham Radio Operators: Ex:  http://pastebin.com/fHHBqZ7Q </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reroute communications using a backup dial-up modem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be used with mobile phone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be used with laptop or desktop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use international connection numbers not local ISPs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use landlines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use faxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Use Wiki pages to distribute information quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: ComputerWorld , WeRebuild This presentation is copyright of Indiana Christian Emergency Network - © Indiana Christian Emergency Network 2011. All rights reserved. Author: Melanie Reed, FHL IT Director </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Counter Measures: Communicating Around the System <ul><ul><li>Compile a list of International Connectivity numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External ISP Phone numbers (not local) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invest in a Ham Radio Equipment for your area/org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>locate other operators in your area  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>form relationships with operators world wide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invest in Bluetooth technology for mobile devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure Bluetooth Modem-Capability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practice setting up a connection on your mobile device </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>you may need to help others or your phone may be unavailable </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure your laptop, desktop is modem capable This presentation is copyright of Indiana Christian Emergency Network - © Indiana Christian Emergency Network 2011. All rights reserved. Author: Melanie Reed, FHL IT Director </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Counter Measures: OTF :Twitter, Google, SayNow <ul><li>Last Egyptian-based ISP, Noor, goes down. Access to social media through the Internet no longer possible </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phone service is still available. Engineers collaborate between Twitter, Google, and SayNow to create voice to tweet service bypassing the Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>@speak2tweet Speak To Tweet voice-to-tweet from inside  #egypt   #jan25 :  http://bit.ly/ep4aJD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anyone can tweet by simply leaving a voicemail on one an international phone number. Service will instantly tweet the message using the hashtag  #egypt . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sources <ul><ul><li>Computerword:  http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9207078/Without_Internet_Egyptians_find_new_ways_to_get_online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Traffic Tool:  http://www.google.com/transparencyreport/traffic/?r=EG&l=WEBSEARCH&csd=1295702997009&ced=1296246600000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mashable:  http://nxy.in/2cez6  |  http://mashable.com/2011/01/27/egypt-protests/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Al Jazeera English:  http://english.aljazeera.net/watch_now/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renesys Blog:  http://www.renesys.com/blog/2011/01/egypt-leaves-the-internet.shtml </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter (Saved Search: Egypt) :  http://twitter.com/search/Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ReadWriteWeb:  http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/complete_internet_blackout_in_egypt.php </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BGP Table Lookup: Egyptian IP Address Range (Operational ATT) :  https://www.dan.me.uk/bgplookup?asn=20928&include_downstream=on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecomix Ham Radio (on 1/27/2011):  http://pastebin.com/fHHBqZ7Q </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconfirmed First Report of Blackout on Twitter:  http://twitter.com/#!/Alshaheeed/status/30773674487320576 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WeRebuild:  http://interfax.werebuild.eu/2009/07/30/werebuild-fourth-communique-of-the-internets/ This presentation is copyright of Indiana Christian Emergency Network - © Indiana Christian Emergency Network 2011. All rights reserved. Author: Melanie Reed, FHL IT Director </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sources cont. <ul><li>New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/02/world/middleeast/02twitter.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha26 </li></ul><ul><li>SayNow: http://www.saynow.com/# </li></ul><ul><li>GooglePublicPolicy: http://googlepublicpolicy.blogspot.com/2011/01/some-weekend-work-that-will-hopefully.html </li></ul>

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