Croatia - A few LOCALITIES ANDMONUMENTS ON THE UNESCO’S WORLD HERITAGE LIST
Dubrovnik• Dubrovnik is a city of exceptional history, and is a world renowned monument of heritage and beauty (registered among the UNESCO World Heritage Monuments). It is also one of the most attractive and famous cities on the Mediterranean. The city walls of the Dubrovnik Old Town encompass a complex of public and private, sacral and secular constructions from all periods of the city’s history, beginning from its very inception in the 7th century. Of particular significance are Stradun, the main city street, the Rector’s Palace, the Church of St. Vlaho (St. Blaise), the Cathedral, the three large convents, and the buildings of the City Hall and Customs Administration. The Dubrovnik Republic represented its own political and territorial entity.
PLITVICE LAKES NATIONAL PARK• The Plitvice Lakes National Park • Image of Plitvice lakes: is comprised of 16 interconnected lakes between Mala Kapela and Pljesivice in Lika. It is divided into the upper lakes (Proscansko, Ciginovac, Okrugljak, Batinovac, Veliko, Malo, vir, Galovac, Milino, Jezerce, Burgeti and Kozjak) and lower lakes (Milinovac, Gavranovac, Kaludjerovac and Novakovic Brod). The highest in altitude is Proscansko (639m) and the lowest is Novakovic Brod (503m).
About the lakes• The upper lakes, surrounded by dense forest • The upper lakes are separated by and interconnected by numerous waterfalls, dolomite divisions, which grow from the lie in a dolomite valley, while the smaller and creation of lime in height and in width, shallower lower lakes lie in limestone and follow the limestone barriers. The lime are surrounded by sparse yew bushes. The primarily grows in places where the water majority of the water in the Plitvice Lakes falls from a particular height, by the originates from the White and Black Rivers, crusting of algae and moss with calcium which merge into one river south of carbonate. Proscansko Lake. After the Sastavci • The lower lakes were formed by the Waterfall on the lower lakes, the waters flow erosion of arches over underwater into the Korana River. Plitvice Creek also caverns, through which the water from flows into the Korana River, falling from a the upper lakes is lost. In the ragged cliffs height of 76 meters. alongside the lakes and the Korana River, there are 14 caves in the limestone and 6 caves in the limestone barriers (Supljara, Golubnjaca, Mracnjaca, Velika Pecina and others).
THE EUPHRASIAN BASILICA IN POREČ• The Euphrasian Basilica in Poreč is one of the best preserved monuments of All three naves end in semi-circular early Byzantine art in the apses, while in the main apse, taller Mediterranean. It was erected in the 6th and wider than the other two, is the century in Poreč, during the time of ciborium. In the northeastern corner Bishop Euphrasius. Though it is of the basilica, the trefoil Memorial somewhat smaller than the remaining Chapel is connected with an elliptical preserved basilicas of the same period, vestibule, while the external vestibule it is unique in that it is the only church of its type with the original structure is connected with the spacious preserved. quadratic atrium. On the western side The main structure of the complex is of the atrium is the octagonal the three nave basilica, with the central baptistery. nave wider and taller and separated from the side naves by two series of arcades.
ABOUT THE BASILICA• In the region between the • The Euphrasian Basilica is northern side of the atrium and richly ornamented in the the seashore, a second large Byzantine style of mosaic church was built at the same (which, with the mosaic of time, with its axis vertical to the the Church of San Vitale in axis of the main basilica, and Ravenna represent the most new additions were made during significant examples of the Middle Ages, when it was transformed into the Bishop’s mosaic art in Europe). The Palace. Much later, the basilica is also ornamented remaining structures of the with incrustations, stucco complex came into being. In the and plaster. 18th century, the entire complex suffered significant damage, many sections were destroyed and the complete restoration was conducted following World War II.
DIOCLETIAN’S PALACE IN SPLIT• Diocletian, the Roman • Even today, the beauty of the Emperor, spent the final palace peristyles, Diocletian’s years of his life near mausoleum, the Temple of Jupiter, the colonnade along the Aspalathos in Dalmatia, streets, the early Christian where he was born. There churches, the Romantic houses, he built a massive palace, the gates by Andrija Buvina and the original architecture of the architectural works of Juraj which was altered over time, Dalmatinac. This historical core however, throughout the of today’s Split was added to the ages, the overall structure UNESCO World Heritage list in changed very little. Within 1979. the Roman walls, a city developed.
THE ŠIBENIK CATHEDRAL• The Cathedral of St. Jakov (St. • In the first phase of Jacob) in Šibenik is a triple construction, the Italian nave basilica with three apses masters Francesco di and a cupola (height of interior Giacomo, Lorenzo Pincino is 32 m). The cathedral and Pier Paolo Bussato construction began in the participated, together with Venetian Gothic style, and was the domestic master completed in the Toscano stonecutters Andrija Budčić Renaissance style. It was and Grubiš Šlafčić consecrated in 1555. The (longitudinal walls and both construction began in 1431 at portals). the place where a small cathedral had earlier stood, and as such, the cathedral was built using much of the material of the former church.
AND ALSO…• The Šibenik Cathedral has no masonry • The Šibenik elements, and the walls, vaults and cupola are Cathedral was constructed in a simple manner (first used by listed among the Juraj Dalmatinac) where the entire unit of UNESCO World precisely cut stones are fit together, a method Heritage used in the masonry craft. The gable of the main Monuments in façade was built in the form of a trefoil, as one of 2000. the oldest in Europe and naturally continued as part of the triple nave structure of the church, in harmony with the shape and size of the arcs. Within the Cathedral, several altars are present in the naves, with two rows of galleries about the side naves.
THE ROMANTIC CITY OF TROGIR• Trogir was established by the • The most significant Greek colonists from the Island of structure is the Trogir Vis in the 3rd century B.C. Upon Cathedral, with its portal of this historical site lies the historical the west gates, a core of the Trogir Old Town, the masterpiece by Radovan, best preserved Romantic-Gothic the most significant example city in central Europe. The of Romantic-Gothic art in medieval Trogir Old Town, Croatia. surrounded by walls, unites the well preserved castle and tower and numerous structure and palaces from the Romantic, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods.